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Amitāyurdhyāna-Sūtra

Amitāyurdhyāna-Sūtra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(‘Sūtra on Contemplation on Amitāyus’). One of the three basic sūtras of the Pure Land School (with Amitābha-Sūtra and Sukhāvatīvyūha). It describes the pure land and the moral life which prepares ...
camel

camel  

The camel can survive for long periods without food or drink, chiefly by using up the fat reserves in its hump; from this comes the name ship of the desert.Camels are the emblem of the 4th-century ...
Central Asia

Central Asia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Landlocked region of the Asian land mass. Largely through its location, topography and hydrology, it has served for millennia as the carrier of human communications between the societies and ...
Chang'an

Chang'an  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Chinese capital of the Former Han (202 bce to 9 ce) and Sui-tʾang (590–906 ce) dynasties. The present city on the site is Sian (Xian).
Iran

Iran  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Conservative forces have retained their grip but the regime has been threatened by widespread protests.Much of Iran consists of a high central plateau ringed by mountains, the highest of which are in ...
Kashar

Kashar  

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Overview Page
Important trading town in the western part of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Kashgar is located at the junction of the northern and southern branches of the Silk route ...
Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A country of western central Asia, stretching for some 3200 km (2000 miles) from the Caspian Sea to Xinjiang. It is bounded by China on the east, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan on the south, the Caspian ...
Khotan

Khotan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A small early medieval oasis state on the southen route of the Silk Road which became an important centre and staging-post for Buddhism by the 2nd century ce. As Buddhism became established here, ...
Kofun (Mounded Tombs of Japan and Korea)

Kofun (Mounded Tombs of Japan and Korea)  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The tradition of mounded-tomb building in Japan and Korea derived mainly from that of China, where large mounds began to be added to Shang-type shaft graves during the first millennium ...
Kucha

Kucha  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A small early medieval oasis state situated on the northern route of the Silk Road. Buddhism was established here at an early date under the influence of the Kuṣāṇa dynasty and Kucha soon became an ...
Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A country in central Asia bounded by Kazakhstan on the north and north-west, Uzbekistan on the south-west, and Tajikistan on the south.Physical.On the south-east the Tian Shan range of mountains, ...
Land Routes

Land Routes  

Both Asia Minor and the Balkans were traversed by a number of major routes that formed a communications network used by the army, the demosios dromos (public post), traders, and ...
Marco Polo

Marco Polo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(c. 1254–c. 1324)Italian traveller. Between 1271 and 1275 he accompanied his father and uncle on a journey east from Acre into central Asia, eventually reaching China and the court of Kublai Khan. ...
Mongolia

Mongolia  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A country in central Asia, bordered by Siberia, Russia on the north and China on the south. It was formerly known as Outer Mongolia (Inner Mongolia is now an autonomous region of ...
pastoralism

pastoralism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[De]A rather ill‐defined and loosely applied term referring to an economy in which the bulk of the food supply is derived from animal herding, usually in the form of secondary products such as milk, ...
Samarkand

Samarkand  

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Overview Page
A city in eastern Uzbekistan, one of the oldest cities of Asia, founded in the 3rd or 4th millennium bc. It grew to prominence as a prosperous centre of the silk trade, situated on the Silk Road, and ...
sericulture

sericulture  

The culture of silkworms (Bombyx mori) for the production of silk.
silk

silk  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The type of something soft, rich, and luxurious. Recorded in Old English (in form sioloc, seolec) the word comes via Latin from Greek Sēres, the name given to the inhabitants of the Far Eastern ...
Tamerlane

Tamerlane  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1336–1405)Mongol ruler of Samarkand (1369–1405). Leading a force of Mongols and Turks, between about 1364 and 1405 he conquered a large area including Persia, northern India, and Syria and ...
Tun-huang

Tun-huang  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A settlement in the desert area of north-western China that formed the terminal point for the Silk Road. A former Buddhist centre located on the borders of China, it flourished as a cosmopolitan ...

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