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William Shakespeare

(1564—1616) playwright and poet

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A. S. Byatt

A. S. Byatt  

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Literature
(1936– )Novelist and critic, born in Sheffield, and educated at the Mount School, York, and Newnham College, Cambridge. Her first novel, Shadow of a Sun (1964), describes a woman attempting ...
A. W. Pollard

A. W. Pollard  

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Literature
(1859–1944),keeper of the Department of Printed Books at the British Museum, 1919–24. He edited several volumes of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (1886–7) and the ‘Globe’ Chaucer (1898), published other ...
adaptation

adaptation  

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Literature
The process of making a work of art upon the basis of elements provided by an earlier work in a different, usually literary, medium; also the secondary work thus produced. Literary works have been ...
Aemilia Lanyer

Aemilia Lanyer  

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Literature
Aemilia Bassano Lanyer (1569–1645) published one volume of verse, Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum (Hail God, King of the Jews, 1611), notable for its variety, quality, and protofeminist stance. Lanyer may ...
Aleksandr Ostrovsky

Aleksandr Ostrovsky  

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(1823–86)Widely acknowledged as Russia's greatest playwright, he was also the most prolific, producing 47 original dramas and 22 translations of foreign plays. Comparatively unknown in the West, his ...
Alessandro Pepoli, Count

Alessandro Pepoli, Count  

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Literature
(1752–96).Venetian dramatist. A self-styled champion of liberty, he systematically sought to outdo Alfieri in his numerous tragedies—often on subjects Alfieri had already treated—and in his ...
Alexander Pushkin

Alexander Pushkin  

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Literature
(1799–1837),Russia's greatest poet, whose works include lyric poems, Byronic verse narratives, prose stories, historical dramas, and the great political poem The Bronze Horseman (1833). His novel in ...
All the Year Round

All the Year Round  

A weekly magazine (1859–93) of serial fiction, essays, poetry, topical journalism, and information which Dickens published and edited from 30 April 1859 (seeserial literature; publishing). ...
Alleyn, Roderick

Alleyn, Roderick  

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Literature
Inspector (later Superintendent) Roderick Alleyn is almost the victim of his own elegance, entering Ngaio Marsh's first detective novel in 1934 as tall, handsome, well dressed, and well connected: ...
All's Well that Ends Well

All's Well that Ends Well  

A comedy by Shakespeare, first printed in the First Folio of 1623. Its close affinity to Measure for Measure suggests that it was written 1604–5. Both plays are generally classified as ...
Allusion, Literary

Allusion, Literary  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Quotations from and references to the works of authors famous in English literature have specific significance in three different aspects of detective fiction. The first is the use of a ...
Andrew Lang

Andrew Lang  

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Literature
(1844–1912),born at Selkirk, was educated at St Andrews University and became a fellow of Merton College, Oxford. In 1875 he settled in London, becoming one of the most prolific and versatile writers ...
Ann Yearsley

Ann Yearsley  

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Literature
(1752–1806),the daughter of a dairywoman, pursued her mother's trade. She published three collections of poems (Poems, on Several Occasions, 1785; Poems on Various Subjects, 1787; The Rural Lyre, ...
Anne Hathaway

Anne Hathaway  

(1555/6–1623),married Shakespeare in Nov. 1582. Her family home, ‘Anne Hathaway's cottage’, is still to be seen in Shottery, on the edge of Stratford‐upon‐Avon.
Anne Shakespeare

Anne Shakespeare  

Sister of William, baptized 1571, buried 1579. See also HATHAWAY, ANNE.
Anthony Boucher

Anthony Boucher  

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Literature
Pseudonym of William Anthony Parker White (1911–1968), American mystery writer and influential critic.Although his novels were considered “modest triumphs,” Boucher was best known as a critic, ...
Anthony Munday

Anthony Munday  

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Literature
(1560–1633),hack‐writer, wrote or collaborated in a number of plays, and was ridiculed by Jonson as Antonio Balladino in The Case is Altered. Munday wrote ballads, and as ‘Shepheard Tonie’ ...
Antony and Cleopatra

Antony and Cleopatra  

A tragedy by Shakespeare, printed in the First Folio of 1623, probably written 1606–7. Its chief source is the Life of Antony by Plutarch, as translated by Sir T. North. Minor sources include the ...
Apuleius

Apuleius  

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(born c.123 ad),Roman writer, born in Africa. His writings are characterized by an exuberant and bizarre use of language and he is best known for the Metamorphoses (The Golden Ass), a picaresque ...
Ariel

Ariel  

1 an airy spirit in Shakespeare's The Tempest;2 a rebel angel in Milton's Paradise Lost (VI. 371);3 in Pope's Rape of the Lock (II. 53 ff.) the chief of the sylphs.Shakespeare's character 1. has ...

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