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self-fulfilling prophecy

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definition of the situation

definition of the situation  

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A concept first developed by William Isaac Thomas and Florian Znaniecki in The Polish Peasant in Europe and America (1918–20), and now central to symbolic interactionism. It is the idea that people's ...
Eccles’ expectancy model

Eccles’ expectancy model  

A model of sporting achievement and activity choice in which key components are expectations (i.e. how well individuals are expected by others and themselves to do), social environment, gender roles, ...
expectations

expectations  

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The forecast or the view of economic agents about the future values of economic variables. Expectations are important in the analysis of economic behaviour as they influence the choices of economic ...
experimenter expectancy effect

experimenter expectancy effect  

A particular type of experimenter effect in which the expectations of the experimenter as to the likely outcome of the experiment acts as a self-fulfilling prophecy, biasing the results in the ...
Galatea effect

Galatea effect  

Any positive Pygmalion effect, when expectations function as self-fulfilling prophecies with positive consequences, as when high expectations by teachers of the potential school performance of ...
Golem effect

Golem effect  

Any negative Pygmalion effect, when expectations function as self-fulfilling prophecies having negative consequences. The term was introduced in an article in the Journal of Educational Psychology in ...
interviewer bias

interviewer bias  

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Media studies
A distortion of response related to the person questioning informants in research. The interviewer's expectations or opinions may interfere with their objectivity or interviewees may react ...
labelling theory

labelling theory  

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The hypothesis, which originated in sociology in the 1950s, that the social attribution of deviant identities to individuals or groups is a self-fulfilling prophecy leading to the amplification of ...
nocebo effect

nocebo effect  

Ill-health, or a feeling of ill-health, caused by an expectation of harm or injury from a substance or treatment that, without the expectation, would be harmless, an extreme example being voodoo ...
Oedipus effect

Oedipus effect  

In psychology and the social sciences, the effect of a prediction on the predicted event, the prediction either causing or preventing the event that it predicts, or more generally the influence of an ...

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