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Earl of Chatham William Pitt

(1708—1778) prime minister

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Act of Union

Act of Union  

1801.United the parliaments of Great Britain and Ireland, abolished the Irish Parliament in Dublin, and ended Irish legislative independence granted in 1782. The Act originated from Britain's ...
Alexander Wedderburn, 1st earl of Rosslyn

Alexander Wedderburn, 1st earl of Rosslyn  

(1733–1805).Wedderburn was a member of a Scottish legal family and an associate of David Hume and Adam Smith's Edinburgh circle. He was called to the English bar in 1757 ...
antislavery

antislavery  

Slavery was regarded in later 18th‐cent. Britain as essential to the exploitation of the West Indian colonies and there was strong opposition to any interference with the institution, particularly ...
Board of Trade

Board of Trade  

The origins of the department may be traced back to 1621 when, in the face of a trade recession, a number of committees were appointed, under the guidance of Cranfield, to consider the matter. At the ...
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl  

(1764–1845)British statesman, Prime Minister (1830–34). He was an advocate of electoral reform and his government passed the first Reform Act (1832) as well as important factory legislation and the ...
Charles James Fox

Charles James Fox  

(1749–1806).Educated at Eton and Oxford, Fox entered the House of Commons while still under age in 1768. He held minor office under North but fell foul of the king over the Royal Marriages Act. Once ...
Charles Townshend

Charles Townshend  

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(1725–67).Townshend dashed across the political sky in the 1760s like a comet, blazed, and was gone. A grandson of ‘Turnip’ Townshend, he was returned to Parliament on the family ...
Conservative Party

Conservative Party  

The less reformist of the (normally) two main parties in British politics. It has a longer history than any other political party, perhaps anywhere, with an institutional continuity under that name ...
Fox's martyrs

Fox's martyrs  

Was the facetious description of the 90 or so supporters of the Fox–North coalition who lost their seats in Pitt's landslide victory at the general election of 1784. It derived its name from John ...
French and Indian War

French and Indian War  

(1689–1763)Anglo-French conflicts in North America, part of the international rivalry between the two nations, in which many Native Americans became embroiled. They consisted of King William's War ...
George Canning

George Canning  

(1770–1827).Prime minister. The most brilliant disciple of the younger Pitt, Canning was distrusted as an intriguer. He also suffered from the fact that his father had died in penury and that his ...
George II

George II  

[Na]British monarch from ad 1727, of the House of Hanover. Born 1683, son of George I. Married Caroline, daughter of John Frederick, margrave of Brandenburg‐Anspach. He died in 1760, aged 76, having ...
George III

George III  

King of Great Britain and Ireland, b. 24 May 1738, s. of Frederick, prince of Wales, and Augusta; acc. 25 Oct. 1760; m. Charlotte, da. of Karl Ludwig, duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 8 Sept. 1761; ...
George IV

George IV  

[Na]British monarch from ad 1820, of the House of Hanover. Born 1762, eldest son of George III. Married Caroline, daughter of Charles, duke of Brunswick‐Wolfenbüttel. He died in 1830, aged 67, having ...
Hanover

Hanover  

Was in personal union with Britain from 1714, when George I succeeded Queen Anne under the terms of the Act of Settlement, until 1837 when the Salic Law prevented Victoria from retaining Hanover and ...
Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth

Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth  

(1757–1844)British Tory statesman, Prime Minister (1801–04). As Home Secretary (1812–21), he introduced harsh legislation to suppress the Luddites and other protest groups.
Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst

Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst  

(1762–1834).Bathurst's grandfather was one of the twelve Tory peers created in 1712 to carry the treaty of Utrecht and in 1772, aged 88, had been promoted earl; his father was lord chancellor 1771–8 ...
Henry Dundas

Henry Dundas  

(1742–1811),the dominant Scottish politician of his age, as well as a British and imperial statesman. Born into a legal family and educated in Edinburgh, he was called to the ...
Henry Fox

Henry Fox  

(1705–74).Fox entered Parliament in 1735 and quickly found favour with Walpole. Walpole's successor Henry Pelham also regarded Fox highly and had him appointed secretary at war in 1746. Fox ...
Henry Pelham

Henry Pelham  

(1696–1754)British Whig statesman, Prime Minister (1743–54). After serving in Sir Robert Walpole's Cabinet from 1721 onwards, he replaced him as Premier, and introduced a period of peace and ...

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