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Acts, Documentary

Acts, Documentary  

Documents of a formal nature, preserved in original or in copy, and varying according to their author and the nature and importance of the question they concern.Physical CharacteristicsNormally ...
adhesive

adhesive  

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A substance used for joining surfaces together. Adhesives are generally colloidal solutions, which set to gels. There are many types including animal glues (based on collagen), vegetable mucilages, ...
Allan Stevenson

Allan Stevenson  

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 (1903–70) American bibliographer and pioneer of new ways to use watermarks as bibliographical evidence.He advanced the concept of twins, and explored how precise evaluation of wear and deterioration ...
Arabic Calligraphy

Arabic Calligraphy  

Arabic writing, alphabetical in type, belongs to the Semitic scripts; it has 25 consonants, three semi-vowels and three long vowels. Appearing under the influence of Syriac in the Christian Arab ...
Arabic manuscripts

Arabic manuscripts  

Arabic manuscripts copied between the 8th and the 15th c. (the earliest codex is datable to 843, but several fragments date back in all probability a century earlier) may number ...
Arabic papyri

Arabic papyri  

Employed from at least 2000 bc in Egypt, its land of origin, the papyrus was used by the Arabs following their conquest of that country in 640. Its Islamic utilization ...
Baghdad

Baghdad  

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The capital of modern-day Iraq, on the River Tigris, which was a thriving city under the Abbasid caliphs, notably Harun of Chancery, in the 8th and 9th centuries.
bibliographical description

bibliographical description  

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The description and analysis of the physical characteristics of books. It uses an agreed form of notation, intended to distinguish between issues and variants of an edition, to explain and ...
board

board  

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Is stiffer and heavier than paper. There are many types of board, some of which are laminate and others not. Surfaced with paper, cloth, or a ground, boards are often used as supports for painting or ...
book

book  

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A book is the emblem of St Anne, St Augustine, St Bernard, and other saints.Recorded from Old English (in form bōc, originally meaning also ‘a document or charter’), the word is of Germanic origin, ...
Book Trade

Book Trade  

In the strict sense hardly ever existed in Byz., in contrast to the flourishing book production and distribution of late antiquity. There was a certain market for old and rare ...
Bookbinding

Bookbinding  

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The art of sewing quires together within a cover into a single codex. The last step in manuscript book production, binding protected codices and kept their contents in order. Most ...
Cairo Geniza

Cairo Geniza  

A collection of medieval Jewish MSS found in a storage room of the Ben Ezra synagogue in Old Cairo (al-*Fustat). Jewish tradition prohibits destroying or throwing away sacred documents out ...
calligraphy

calligraphy  

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1. Decorative handwritten lettering.2. The art of fine handwriting.3. Calligraphic type: any typefaces designed to resemble handwriting.
chancery

chancery  

(from the Latin cancella, ‘screen’, hence a screened-off place, or office) The writing-office attached to the court of a ruler, pope, etc. Since it supplied the writ necessary for a lawsuit to be ...
Charles Moïse Briquet

Charles Moïse Briquet  

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 (1839–1918) Swiss filigranologistwho proposed the potential of using watermarks to date paper. His four-volume work Les Filigranes (1907; 2e, 1923) contains more than 16,000 illustrations, ranging ...
Christoph Froschauer

Christoph Froschauer  

(c.1490–1564),Swiss printer who established a workshop in Zürich in the early 1520s. He was an early disciple of Zwingli, whose complete works he published. He sold religious books, including ...
codex

codex  

An ancient manuscript text in book form. The word comes (in the late 16th century, denoting a collection of statutes or set of rules) from Latin, literally ‘block of wood’, later denoting a block ...
codicology

codicology  

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A term of modern coinage, ‘codicology’ denotes the study of manuscript books, or codices, in all aspects, including their physical structure, texts, script, binding, decoration, and other features of ...
crayon

crayon  

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Any drawing material made in stick form. Modern coloured crayons are usually encased in wood.

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