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Abwehr

Abwehr  

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Overview Page
(Ger.: Abwehr, defence),the German intelligence and counter-intelligence service, 1920–45. The Abwehr served several political masters, being founded, against the spirit of the Versailles Treaty, in ...
Agency Africa

Agency Africa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Franco-Polish intelligence network which was also known as Agency Rygor after its leader, Major (later Maj-General) Rygor Slowikowski, who escaped to France after the end of the Polish campaign in ...
Allied Intelligence Bureau

Allied Intelligence Bureau  

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Overview Page
(AIB).Established at Brisbane, Australia, in July 1942 this co-ordinated all Allied intelligence services in MacArthur'sSouth-West Pacific Area. Its controller was an Australian officer, Col. C. ...
Bletchley Park

Bletchley Park  

Near Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire, during the Second World War the centre of British codebreaking activity, where the Enigma code was broken, and the computer Colossus used.
British Security Co-ordination

British Security Co-ordination  

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Overview Page
Intelligence organization established in New York in August 1940 by the Canadian-born William Stephenson. In its early days it represented MI6 and SOE in the western hemisphere, and, until 1943 ...
Bureau Central de Rensignements et d'Action

Bureau Central de Rensignements et d'Action  

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Overview Page
(BCRA)(Central Bureau of Information and Action) was the intelligence service of de Gaulle and the Free French, formed in January 1942 and headed by André Dewavrin alias Colonel Passy. ...
Coastwatchers

Coastwatchers  

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Overview Page
Were used by both sides to report on the movement of their opponent's shipping. By far the best known were those raised by the Royal Australian Navy after the First ...
Englandspiel

Englandspiel  

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Overview Page
(Spiel, game), codename for German Sicherheitsdienst (see RSHA) counter-intelligence operation, called NORDPOL (North Pole) by the Abwehr, which, between March 1942 and November 1943, deluded SOE ...
government-in-exile

government-in-exile  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.A government established outside its territorial jurisdiction. Following the German defeat of Poland in 1939, the Polish government transferred its operations to London and thereby became a ...
Henri Déricourt

Henri Déricourt  

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Overview Page
(1909–62),French airman, pre-war V-man for the Nazi security service, the Sicherheitsdient or SD (see RSHA). He may then have been recruited by MI6, which knew of his SD connection ...
IFF

IFF  

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Overview Page
(Identification Friend or Foe)was a device fitted to aircraft to enable ground radar defences to identify them as friendly. British ones made the radar echoes from a friendly aircraft ...
interallié

interallié  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Was the Franco-Polish intelligence circuit founded in Paris in the autumn of 1940 by Roman Garby-Czerniawski, a Polish pilot who had escaped from the defeat of Poland. He secured touch ...
Inter-Services Security Board

Inter-Services Security Board  

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Overview Page
British intelligence organization established in February 1940 to be responsible for the security of, and deception for, British war plans to intervene in the Finnish–Soviet war. It came under the ...
Kim Philby

Kim Philby  

(1912–88),member of British Secret Intelligence Service (see MI6) who, from the early 1930s, worked for the Soviet Intelligence Organization NKVD and its successor the KGB. His association with other ...
Luxembourg

Luxembourg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A small country between France, Germany, and Belgium, Luxembourg has enjoyed disproportionate influnce as a founding member of the EU. Independent since 1815, Luxembourg was divided between its ...
MI5

MI5  

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Overview Page
British security service which in the Second World War, as in the First, shared with MI6 and the Special Branch of the Metropolitan Police the responsibility of evaluating, and advising ...
Naval Intelligence Division

Naval Intelligence Division  

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Overview Page
(NID),the senior naval staff division of the British Admiralty which, unlike its army and air force counterparts, was an operational as well as an administrative centre. The NID had ...
NKVD

NKVD  

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Overview Page
Has origins which go back to the beginnings of Soviet power. The All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-revolution and Sabotage (Vecheka) was founded on 20 December 1917. The ...
Office of Strategic Services

Office of Strategic Services  

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Overview Page
OSS an agency created during World War II when William J. Donovan, its first head, convinced President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941 to form the office of the Coordinator of ...
Oslo report

Oslo report  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Two letters sent incognito to the British naval attaché in Oslo in November 1939 and forwarded for assessment to the MI6 scientist, R. V. Jones. They contained descriptions of the ...

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