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Adriano Banchieri

Adriano Banchieri  

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Music
(b Bologna, 1568; d Bologna, 1634).It. composer, organist, and theorist. Org., S. Michele, Bosco, and of Monte Oliveto, where in 1613 he became abbot. His L'organo suonarino, pubd. Venice 1605, ...
Adriano Valerini

Adriano Valerini  

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Literature
(16th c.) was one of the earliest known professional actors, taking the mask of the lover, Aurelio: he formed his own company, the Uniti, but retired from the stage in ...
Alessandro Striggio

Alessandro Striggio  

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Music
(b Mantua, 1535; d Mantua, 1592).It. composer. Prin. composer at court of Medicis in Florence in 1560s, writing intermedi for ceremonial occasions. Visited Eng. as political emissary 1567. Wrote ...
ars nova

ars nova  

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Music
(Lat.).New art. The new style of mus. comp. in Fr. and It. in 14th cent. Name derived from tract (c.1320) by Philippe de Vitry. Restrictions of ars antiqua were replaced by greater variety of rhythm, ...
Aurelia Fedeli

Aurelia Fedeli  

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Literature
An actress working in Italy and then France from c.1640. She published a volume of poetry, I rifiuti di Pindo (1666), dedicated to Louis XIII, which contains sonnets, madrigals, canzoni, and ...
ballata

ballata  

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Music
(It.).One of poetic forms in It. secular songs of 14th and early 15th cents., the others being madrigal and caccia.
ballett

ballett  

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Music
A form of madrigal orig. so called because the performers also danced to the tune. Thought to have been invented by the It. 16th‐cent. composer Gastoldi who in 1591 pubd. balletti a cinque voci with ...
Buonaccorso da Montemagno

Buonaccorso da Montemagno  

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Literature
(?1390–1429).Poet and lawyer from Pistoia. He was active in the Florentine studio from 1421 and undertook political and diplomatic missions for Pistoia and Florence. He composed a short Petrarchan ...
chamber music

chamber music  

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Music
(It. musica da camera, Ger. Kammermusik).A term orig. intended (as Burney puts it c.1805) to cover such mus. as was not intended ‘for the church, the theatre, or a public concert room’. As now used ...
chanson

chanson  

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Music
(Fr.).Song set to Fr. words. A term with many applications, especially: (1) Any sort of simple verse‐repeating song. (2) Type of song, for several vv. or for one v. with acc., that grew up in Fr. and ...
Christian IV

Christian IV  

(1577–1648),King of Denmark and Norway, was the son of King Frederick II of Denmark and Sophia of Mecklenburg. He succeeded his father in 1588 and began to rule in ...
chromaticism

chromaticism  

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Music
(1) The use of chromatic intervals and chromatic chords. (2) A style of composing using chromatic harmony. Gesualdo in 16th cent. used advanced chromaticism. Bach's experiments in chromaticism were ...
Claudio Monteverdi

Claudio Monteverdi  

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Music
(b Cremona, 1567; d Venice, 1643).It. composer. Chorister, Cremona Cath. At 16, when he was already a fine organist and viol player, he pubd. some sacred madrigals. Entered service of Duke of Mantua ...
clubs for music-making

clubs for music-making  

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Subject:
Music
Musical clubs have long played a considerable part in the cultural and social development of music among European communities. The earliest of which we have much knowledge were the German ...
fantasia

fantasia  

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Music
(It.), fantaisie (Fr.), Fantasie (Ger.). Fantasy or fancy. Generally a comp. in which form is of secondary importance, although the 16th‐cent. It. fantasia was an instr. comp. in strict imitation of ...
Francesco Landini

Francesco Landini  

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Music
(b Florence, 1325; d Florence, 1397).It. composer, who lost his sight as child but played org., lute, fl., and other instrs. Comp. madrigals and over 140 ballate (type of virelai). Org., monastery of ...
frottola

frottola  

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Music
(It., plural frottole).A late 15th‐ and early 16th‐cent. popular unacc. It. choral form, a type of simple madrigal similar to the Eng. ayre. The same mus. was sung to each verse and the tune was ...
Giovan Battista Strozzi

Giovan Battista Strozzi  

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Literature
The name of two important writers of madrigals from the famous Florentine family of the Strozzi, ‘il vecchio’ (1505–71) and his son, ‘il giovane’ (1551–1634). In many cases it is ...
Girolamo Parabosco

Girolamo Parabosco  

(c.1524–1557),Italian poet, playwright, and musician, a native of Piacena. His poems include Adonis (a mythological poem) and a poem in praise of the women of Venice; his plays include ...
Il Canzoniere

Il Canzoniere  

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Overview Page
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Literature
The traditional title for Petrarch's collected lyric poems in Italian, first devised by 16th-c. editors, who were indifferent to the fact that it was misleading and historically inappropriate [see ...

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