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Gobind Singh

(1666—1708)

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Adi Granth

Adi Granth  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The principal sacred scripture of Sikhism. Originally compiled under the direction of Arjan Dev (1563–1606), the fifth Sikh guru, it contains hymns and religious poetry as well as the teachings of ...
Akālī

Akālī  

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Religion
(Pañjābī, ‘deathless’).Designation by Gurū Gobind Siṅgh of those devotees of Akāl (i.e. God), the Timeless one, who were prepared to die for the Sikh cause. Their fearlessness won the ...
Anaṇḍpur (Sāhib)

Anaṇḍpur (Sāhib)  

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Religion
(Pañjābī,‘(respected) city of bliss’),Sikh holy place, in ne Pañjāb. Gurū Tegh Bahādur founded Anaṇḍpur in 1664, and it was here that in 1675 his son Gobind received his severed ...
Ardās

Ardās  

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Religion
(Pañjābī, ‘petition’ from Persian ʿarżdāsẖt).The Sikh Prayer. The Ardās marks the conclusion of Sikh congregational worship in the gurdwārā and is to be repeated daily after the Rahirās and Kīrtan ...
Baisākhī

Baisākhī  

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Religion
Hindu spring festival. The first day of the Hindu solar month Vaiśākha (Apr.–May), it is New Year's Day by the solar calendar of S. India and a spring harvest festival ...
Bālak Siṅgh

Bālak Siṅgh  

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Religion
(1797–1862).Spiritual preceptor of Rām Siṅgh, who founded the Nāmdhārī Sikh movement. He exhorted his followers to live simply and practise no religious ritual apart from repetition of God's name ...
Bandā Siṅgh Bahādur

Bandā Siṅgh Bahādur  

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Religion
(1670–1716 ce).Sikh military leader. Bandā Siṅgh, originally Lachman Dās, became a bairāgī (Hindu renunciant) in early youth, adopting the name Mādho Dās. He settled as a hermit at Nander ...
Bhāī Manī Siṅgh

Bhāī Manī Siṅgh  

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Religion
(d. 1738 ce).Sikh scholar and martyr. Manī visited Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, remained with him, and was later initiated by him. He remained celibate, devoting his life to the Gurū's service.[...]
Charan pāhul

Charan pāhul  

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Religion
(Pañjābī, ‘foot-initiation’).Hindu initiation ritual continued by Sikh Gurūs. Gurū Gobind Siṅgh replaced charan pāhul with khaṇḍe-dī-pāhul, initiation with the khaṇḍā on Baisākhī day 1699. See also ...
Chaupaī

Chaupaī  

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Music
(Pañjābī, ‘verse of four lines’).Sikh hymn; specifically, the Bentī Chaupaī or hymn of supplication, a composition of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh.

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