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St Celestine V

(1209—1296)

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angelic pope

angelic pope  

The papa angelicus, or pastor angelicus, appears in medieval apocalyptic literature as one who will inaugurate a new Church and a new world, of perfect sanctity. The first speculations on ...
Angelo Clareno

Angelo Clareno  

(1247/55–1337)Leading exponent of the Spiritual Franciscans. Angelo vigorously opposed the Conventual wing of the order and was, consequently, persecuted for his strict observance of St Francis’ ...
Boniface VIII

Boniface VIII  

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(c.1234–1303), Pope from 1294. His pontificate was dominated by his struggle with Philip the Fair of France. The bull ‘Clericis laicos’ (1296) forbade extraordinary taxation of the clergy without ...
Celestine Order

Celestine Order  

A congregation of the Benedictine Order, founded by the future Celestine V at Monte Morrone in Central Italy. Established in 1259, the abbey secured Papal approval in 1263 and the Order was ...
Clement V

Clement V  

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(1264–1314), Pope from 1305. Bertrand de Got came of an influential French family. His policy was largely subservient to French influence, which increased when he fixed the Papal residence at Avignon ...
conclave

conclave  

In the Roman Catholic Church, the assembly of cardinals for the election of a pope; the meeting place for such an assembly. The word is recorded from late Middle English (denoting a private room) and ...
Iacopo Gaetano Stefaneschi

Iacopo Gaetano Stefaneschi  

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(c. 1270–1343).A cardinal who wrote two works in Latin—Opus metricum, a poem on Celestine V, and De centesimo seu jubileo anno liber, a prose account of the Jubilee of ...
Iacopone da Todi

Iacopone da Todi  

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(1236–1306).Umbrian poet and mystic. Destined for the law, he is said to have undergone a conversion in 1268 when his wife died and was found to be wearing a ...
Ignazio Silone

Ignazio Silone  

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1900–1978)Italian novelist and critic. The humanity of his work reflects his loyalty to ideals and his belief in the importance of action (rather than theorizing) in helping the oppressed.Born into ...
Jacopone da Todi

Jacopone da Todi  

(c.1230–1306), Franciscan poet. He became a Franciscan lay-brother c.1278. In 1294 he and some others were given permission by Celestine V to live in a separate community, observing the rule of the ...
James of Viterbo

James of Viterbo  

(d. 1308) Pro-papal writer.His tract De regimine Christiano (1302 or slightly later) was the first work of ecclesiology. He was an Augustinian at Paris, supporting Pope Boniface VIII in ...
Pope Boniface VIII

Pope Boniface VIII  

(r. 1294–1303)Born c.1235 into an aristocratic clan of the Campagna, he was the most forceful exponent and representative of papal monarchy in the late 13th century. He studied law ...
Spiritual Franciscans

Spiritual Franciscans  

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Before St Francis's death two groups of Franciscans could be distinguished: (1) those who wanted to mitigate the rule of poverty and remodel the Order, and (2) those later known as ‘Zealots’ or ...
St Patrick

St Patrick  

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(5th century)Apostle and patron saint of Ireland. His Confession is the chief source for the events of his life. Of Romano-British parentage, he was captured at the age of 16 by raiders and shipped ...

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