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Brazil

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Amazon

Amazon  

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Overview Page
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History
Explorers of the enigmatic Amazon region have bequeathed us tales of heroism, drama, misfortune, dedication, avarice, cruelty, and scientific integrity. They explored against a backdrop of massive ...
Encilhamento

Encilhamento  

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The Encilhamento was an important episode of macroeconomic history related to the enactment and consequences of a massive and financially disruptive monetary policy put in place at the outset of ...
Getúlio Dornelles Vargas

Getúlio Dornelles Vargas  

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(1883–1954)Brazilian statesman, President (1930–45; 1951–54). Although defeated in the presidential elections of 1930, Vargas seized power in the ensuing revolution, overthrowing the republic and ...
Haitian Revolution

Haitian Revolution  

Upheaval in Haiti in 1791, when thousands of slaves rose in revolt against their masters and the slave system in the French colony of Saint‐Domingue. After a twelve‐year revolutionary struggle ...
internal colonialism

internal colonialism  

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Application of the theory of imperialism developed by Lenin to centre–periphery relationships within a country. The Leninist theory of imperialism argued that an imperialist country exported the ...
John VI

John VI  

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History
(1769–1826)King of Portugal (1816–26). The son of Maria I and Peter III, he took over the control of the government in 1792 from his mother, who had become insane, and assumed the title of regent in ...
Mark Clark

Mark Clark  

(1896–1984), general, and one of five top U.S. Army commanders in World War II.A third‐generation soldier, Clark was born in Madison Barracks, New York, the son of an army ...
Mercosur

Mercosur  

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(Portuguese name Mercosul)A regional trade organization in South America, whose full title is the Southern Cone or South American Common Market. Founded in March 1991, with the aim of creating a ...
Muslim

Muslim  

One who submits to the will of God. The plural form, muslimun, refers to the collective body of those who adhere to the Islamic faith and thus belong to the Islamic community of believers (ummah). To ...
Portuguese

Portuguese  

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Overview Page
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History
A member of the Romance family of languages, Portuguese was originally the dialect of the county of Portugal in the Kingdom of Galicia; it achieved linguistic independence when Portugal became ...
Portuguese empire

Portuguese empire  

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Subject:
History
The overseas territories accruing to Portugal as a result of the country's leadership of the first phase of European overseas expansion, beginning in the 15th century. Portuguese imperialism was ...
São Paulo

São Paulo  

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From the beginnings of Jesuit drama in Brazil in the sixteenth century (see also evangelical theatre in Latin America), the most notable ‘Paulista’ movements have been concerned with politics and ...
slave Trade

slave Trade  

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Overview Page
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History
The slave trade of Great Britain, and those of other European countries, transformed the indigenous African and surpassed the Muslim trades. Britain's became the largest national trade. About 75,000 ...
South America

South America  

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The southern half of the American land mass, connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Amerindian ...
South American Southern Cone

South American Southern Cone  

[See National Security State, 1970s–1980s.]National security states arose in various Latin American countries during the Cold War, beginning with the military-led government that came to power in ...
War of the Triple Alliance

War of the Triple Alliance  

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Sparked by territorial aspirations that brought Paraguay into conflict with Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, the extended and brutal War of the Triple Alliance (December 1864–March 1870) settled ...

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