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Āraṇyaka

Āraṇyaka  

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Religion
Each of a set of Hindu sacred treatises based on the Brahmanas, composed in Sanskrit c.700 bc. Intended only for initiates, the Aranyakas contain mystical and philosophical material and explications ...
aśvamedha

aśvamedha  

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Religion
An elaborate Vedic śrauta ritual, culminating in the sacrifice of a horse. First mentioned in the Ṛg Veda (but with parallels across Indo-European cultures), it is discussed at length in the ...
bhūta

bhūta  

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Religion
(Skt.)1 An element, particularly one of the four material elements, earth, water, fire and wind.2 A kind of vampiric spirit or evil ghost.
Brahma

Brahma  

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Religion
One of the three central Hindu deities, also known in Buddhism where he is respected but relegated to a lesser position of importance.
brahman

brahman  

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Religion
A member of the highest Hindu caste, that of the priesthood.
Brahmanism

Brahmanism  

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Religion
The complex sacrificial religion that emerged in post-Vedic India (c.900 bc) under the influence of the dominant priesthood (Brahmans), an early stage in the development of Hinduism. It was largely ...
caste

caste  

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[De]A form of stratification in which an individual's social position is fixed at birth and cannot be changed. There is virtually no intermarriage between the members of different caste groups.
dharma

dharma  

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In Indian religion, the eternal law of the cosmos, inherent in the very nature of things. In Hinduism, dharma is seen as the cosmic law both upheld by the gods and expressed in right behaviour by ...
Hinduism

Hinduism  

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Religion
The principal religious tradition of India, centred upon the sacred texts of the Vedas. Philosophically Indian thought is separated into various darshanas or schools, exhibiting a rich variety of ...
Indra

Indra  

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(Skt.; Pāli, Inda).Indo-aryan storm god revered in the vedas and referred to in Pāli sources as ‘devānaṃ indo’, or ‘king of the gods’. He is also known as Śākya (Pāli. Sakka).

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