Overview

Brāhmaṇa

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 27 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Āraṇyaka

Āraṇyaka  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Each of a set of Hindu sacred treatises based on the Brahmanas, composed in Sanskrit c.700 bc. Intended only for initiates, the Aranyakas contain mystical and philosophical material and explications ...
aśvamedha

aśvamedha  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An elaborate Vedic śrauta ritual, culminating in the sacrifice of a horse. First mentioned in the Ṛg Veda (but with parallels across Indo-European cultures), it is discussed at length in the ...
bhūta

bhūta  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Skt.)1 An element, particularly one of the four material elements, earth, water, fire and wind.2 A kind of vampiric spirit or evil ghost.
Brahma

Brahma  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
One of the three central Hindu deities, also known in Buddhism where he is respected but relegated to a lesser position of importance.
brahman

brahman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A member of the highest Hindu caste, that of the priesthood.
Brahmanism

Brahmanism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The complex sacrificial religion that emerged in post-Vedic India (c.900 bc) under the influence of the dominant priesthood (Brahmans), an early stage in the development of Hinduism. It was largely ...
caste

caste  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
[De]A form of stratification in which an individual's social position is fixed at birth and cannot be changed. There is virtually no intermarriage between the members of different caste groups.
dharma

dharma  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Indian religion, the eternal law of the cosmos, inherent in the very nature of things. In Hinduism, dharma is seen as the cosmic law both upheld by the gods and expressed in right behaviour by ...
Hinduism

Hinduism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The principal religious tradition of India, centred upon the sacred texts of the Vedas. Philosophically Indian thought is separated into various darshanas or schools, exhibiting a rich variety of ...
Indra

Indra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Skt.; Pāli, Inda).Indo-aryan storm god revered in the vedas and referred to in Pāli sources as ‘devānaṃ indo’, or ‘king of the gods’. He is also known as Śākya (Pāli. Sakka).
Jain cosmology

Jain cosmology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Jains (see Jainism) believe in a three-part cosmos comprised of upper, middle, and lower worlds. At the bottom are seven hells for people whose lives were marked by bad karman (see Karman). Divinites ...
karma

karma  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Hinduism and Buddhism, the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences. The word comes from Sanskrit karman ‘action, ...
Maitri Upaniṣad

Maitri Upaniṣad  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A late work written in the prose style of a brāhmaṇa. Its contents are varied, but it is valued particularly for its discussion of the distinction between the two forms ...
mantra

mantra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1 A synonym for the Vedic Saṃhitā texts (ṛc, yajus, and sāman), recited as an essential component of Brahmanical ritual (yajña); this portion of the Veda is distinguished from the prose explanations, ...
Pitṛ

Pitṛ  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Skt., ‘father’).The ancestors (pl., pitaras), who dwell in the pitṛ-loka, which is sometimes identified with heaven (svarga). Funeral rituals (śrāddha) are essential to maintain the pitṛs in their ...
Prajāpati

Prajāpati  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Skt., ‘Lord of creatures/creation’).A conceptual development in the late Vedic period of Hinduism drawing together the many manifested forces of nature into a single source of creation, and often ...
puruṣa

puruṣa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Sanskrit, mankind)Particularly Cosmic Man, or the creative source. The occupational divisions of Vedic society, and eventually the Indian caste system, correspond to the four parts of the sacrificed ...
Purusha

Purusha  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Sanskrit for “person” or “man,” Purusha in the so-called Purusha Hymn of the ancient Indian sacred text the Rig Veda is the “first man,” who is the universe past ...
Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa

Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
c.10th–7th centuries bce)The Brāhmaṇa attached to the White Yajurveda (the Vājasaneyī Saṃhitā). The largest, most variegated, and most important of the Brāhmaṇas, it exists in two recensions ...
Śūdra

Śūdra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A member of the worker caste, lowest of the four Hindu castes.

View: