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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Wroxeter

Wroxeter   Reference library

Adam Rogers

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...structural remains, including the wall of the baths - basilica (the ‘Old Work’), and the post-Roman sequence of rectangular timber buildings identified through meticulous excavations. Recent research indicates that the settlement became an important local power base; it dispels former views of a violent end, and suggests that Wroxeter was probably abandoned in the early 8th century . Adam Rogers R. White and P. Barker , Wroxeter: Life and Death of a Roman City ...

cross in art

cross in art   Reference library

Dorothy Verkerk and Oliver Nicholson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...in art The sign of the Cross had the power to dispel demons ( Lactantius , Mort . 10; Inst . IV, 27). Crosses were commonly represented on such personal items as lamps , pottery , amulets , seals , jewellery , and clothing to invoke protection against evil and to attract good fortune. Sarcophagi , wall paintings, and gold glass embedded in tombs displayed crosses in hope of the resurrection. The Church utilized it in every aspect of worship: in processional crosses, church furniture , reliquaries , and architectural sculpture . Imperial...

draught animals

draught animals   Reference library

Michael Decker

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...were used to pull ploughs and to lift water. Horses were less used for these purposes because they are smaller, but they were much used in land transport and former scholarly doubt about Romans having the technology to harness horses for draught purposes has been largely dispelled. Mules were especially important; they were prized for their high endurance and ability to tolerate coarser food than finer Mediterranean horse breeds. Donkeys were commonly used to pull carts with light loads, while mules drew wagons with heavier burdens, as in the depiction...

Persian literature

Persian literature   Reference library

Touraj Daryaee

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...the ancient Mesopotamian debate poetry recited during banquets. The debate is about which of these two (the date or the goat) is more useful, and their products are enumerated. Other texts are from the early Islamic period, such as the important Shkand i Gumanig Wizar ( Doubt Dispelling Explanation ), that recount the supremacy of Zoroastrian theology and the deficiency of such religions as those of the Fatalists ( Dahris ), Manichaeans , Christians, Jews, and Muslims. The author systematically tackles the tenets of these religions and sometimes quotes...

Psalms, Hymns, and Prayers

Psalms, Hymns, and Prayers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...to supplant the covenant renewal ceremony prescribed in the Rule of the Community (1QSb and 1QSa, the Rule of the Congregation for “the end of days,” are appended to 1QS, the Rule of the Community). Magical Incantations. The Qumran corpus contains hymns to God which were used to dispel demons and thus functioned as incantations. These may be contrasted with magical formulae which address the demons exclusively and, therefore, are not prayers. Songs of the Sage (4Q510–511). These are doxological hymns pronounced by a sage ( maskil ) “to frighten and terrify”...

Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun (1355–1346bce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... (r. 1372–1355 bce ), who in all probability was his father. Information is lacking about Tutankhamun's mother, but since no document from his reign names her, she may be presumed to have died before his accession. The suspicion that Tutankhamun could have been a usurper was dispelled in 1922 by the discovery of his tomb; the examination and analysis of his mummy revealed that he was a teenager when he died (and thus a child at his accession, since he reigned about a decade). Small-scale objects from his tomb, made for a child-king, confirm his tender age...

Animal Husbandry

Animal Husbandry   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...manifested in the form of slow bone development, anemia, microdefects in dentition, and premature osteoporosis in juveniles and in young, adult females. Information available on hunter-gatherers and early agriculturalists, exemplified by the few cases presented here, should help dispel the traditional Western myth of the hunter-gatherer life always near the brink of starvation but the early agricultural life as one of leisure. In fact, it may raise the question of why animal husbandry flourished in an environment as rich as that of the Nile Valley. Origin of...

Magic

Magic   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...headache, eye disease, scorpion sting, internal disease, and rectal problems. As in the Middle Kingdom, medical treatments also appear in the purely magical papyri of Ramessid date. Papyrus Leiden I 348 includes incantations for head and stomach aches, accelerating childbirth, dispelling bad dreams, and healing burns. The cosmopolitan nature of New Kingdom and Ramessid society favored the incorporation of foreign elements within Egyptian magical treatments, and spells in Northwest Semitic dialects and even Cretan speech (Linear A) are recorded in Papyrus...

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