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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,621 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the agricultural sectors in the Tropical Asian countries, particularly in Bangladesh and Indonesia, where huge increases in population have created enormous economic and nutritional pressures. The specter of mass hunger caused by insufficient land resources has been dispelled by the so-called Green Revolution brought about by new, higher-yielding rice technologies. Rice yields indeed increased in Bangladesh by 47 percent per hectare between 1961–1965 and 1987–1991 , and in the same period by 133 percent in Indonesia. In both countries the area of...

Anthropology in Africa

Anthropology in Africa   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...civil turmoil throughout much of the continent—remain a serious consideration and potential impediment to future expansion. As one of the first and one of the most active academic disciplines concerned with studying African affairs, anthropology has had much to do with dispelling the mythic notions of an Africa that did not exist except in the minds of outsiders. There remains much to learn about Africa's ever-changing present, both in its local and national forms and in its global connections. The old ethnographies are now read critically, but they...

BARTLETT, Elisha

BARTLETT, Elisha (1804–1855)   Reference library

Eric v.d. Luft

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...who advocated and successfully employed empiricism rather than metaphysical speculation in medicine. Bartlett dedicated the book to one of the leaders of this new movement, Louis, the originator of rigorously quantitative methods in medical research, and famous as the dispeller of the dangerous and ineffective therapeutics of François Joseph Victor Broussais . Louis and Bartlett urged not only careful observation of clinical presentations, which had been the norm in medicine since Hippocrates, but also careful collection and numerical analysis of data...

♂ Běi Dǎo

♂ Běi Dǎo (1949)   Reference library

Dian LI

Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography (Volume 4)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,769 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Bei Dao recalls, is an accident that happened to him. He would not have become a poet if not for his experience with bricks and cement. Young and restless, yet stuck in a back-breaking job that taxed his body and soul, Bei Dao found writing down lines of words a convenient way to dispel the feelings of boredom and despair. The lines of words accumulated to become poems, soon to be shared with a few poetry-loving friends from his high school days. The circle of friends grew and formed a sort of “underground poetry club” that included aspiring young poets such as...

Birth Rites

Birth Rites   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,513 words

...of incantations are utilized to free the child, including the names of the “Five” (Muḥammad, ʿAlī, Fāṭimah, Ḥasan, and Ḥusayn); such an incantation is held to be ʿāṭil wa bāṭil (offensive and defensive). In Lebanon, about one-third of Sunnīs utilize incense or fumigation to dispel evil from a newborn infant; in the latter practice, incense obtained from a shaykh is thrown into an open fire, and the child is passed through the fumes three (or seven) times while an incantation or prayer is recited. Other villagers in Lebanon believe there are special powers...

Bunker Hill, Battle of

Bunker Hill, Battle of   Reference library

Donald R. Lennon

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Hill, Battle of The battle of Bunker Hill, fought on 17 June 1775 , helped to dispel the British view that rebellious American colonists would flee when faced with British army professionals. After the engagements at Lexington and Concord, volunteer forces assembled around Boston, headquarters of the British army. Fearing that the British would fortify strategic locations adjoining the city, Boston's Committee of Safety on 16 June ordered New England troops into the Charlestown peninsula north of Boston, to fortify Bunker Hill. This promontory,...

China

China   Reference library

Wei-Chin Lee

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
6,604 words

...pragmatism usually prevailed, yielding an overall forward trajectory. Even in the wake of the brutal suppression of the 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy demonstration, Deng remained steadfast by declaring that “development is the only hard truth” in the early 1990 s to dispel any doubt of China ’s quest for economic transition and growth. China continued its extraordinary growth trajectory in the 1990 s and the 2000 s, with an average growth of over 10 percent per year until the second half of 2008 , when the world economy was hindered by the...

Christian Jatharas in the Telangana Region of Andhra Pradesh

Christian Jatharas in the Telangana Region of Andhra Pradesh   Reference library

Chilkuri Vasantha rao

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...cross, which is invariably done by the bishopamma. The women, dressed in white holding indigenous earthen lamps, gather around the wooden cross, which is erected in front of the church. The bishopamma gives an exhortation, stressing that Jesus Christ is the light of the world, dispelling darkness from every situation and from every heart who believes in Him. With prayer, she then lights a lamp. From her lamp, the women then light their lamps, circumambulate around the cross and then place their lamps on the cross. Some women continue pouring oil in the lamps...

Clifton, Arthur

Clifton, Arthur (1784)   Reference library

J. Bunker Clark

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
636 words

...Wolfe, 1964 ) Opera: The Enterprise, or Love and Pleasure (1822); Baltimore, 27 May 1822 [18 nos. pubd separately (1823)] Songs: Bliss! (1820); The Myrtle Cottage Maid (1820); True Beauty (1820); Hark, Hark! Over Valley and Hill, Light Skims thro’ the Air, Morning Dews the Sun Dispelling [incidental music for Cherry and Fair Star (1826–29)]; I Still May Boast my Will is Free, duet (1827); Lady, Why art thou So Fair? (1827); Annual Coronation Ode (1831); at least 35 others Pf: Military Serenade, with fl, vc (1820); An Original Air, variations (1820); 2 Waltzes...

Exports and Export Policy

Exports and Export Policy   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...of the export-promotion strategy is related to its growth-augmenting impact. The earlier export pessimism, which was apprehensive of export-led growth of primary products because of low elasticity of demand and the resultant decline in terms of trade, has been convincingly dispelled thanks to the success of some of the Asian countries in the last few decades. Major expansion of manufacturing exports has been strongly correlated with growth in productivity and diversity of export items. Product differentiation, economies of scale, and growth in...

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