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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

body odours

body odours   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
1,630 words

...exhalations, that to breathe it was to inhale a dangerous, perhaps fatal, poison’. Previously, ‘healthy’ body odours had been believed to protect against disease. Now virtually all body odours were suspected of being pathogenic. In the late nineteenth century this notion was dispelled by a new scientific paradigm which held that germs, rather than odours, caused disease. Nonetheless, the campaign to cleanse the body of dirt and ill odours continued, as these became closely associated both with disease-causing germs and with an ‘unclean’, immoral lifestyle....

Carabidae

Carabidae  

; class Insecta, order Coleoptera)Major family of generally black, brown, or metallic beetles, whose size ranges widely, from 2 to 35 mm long. They are often flightless, with fused elytra. The legs ...
Carabidae

Carabidae   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Zoology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
130 words

...Tiger beetles ( Cicindela species, which some authorities classify as a family, Cicindellidae) are thought to be the fastest-running land beetles, with speeds of almost 2.4 km per hour. Bombardier beetles ( Brachinus species) deter attackers with puffs of caustic chemicals, dispelled audibly from the abdomen. There are 25 000 species, distributed world-wide. ...

disability

disability   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
1,651 words

...of need, can help with prediction of problems, and can give measures of outcome and output. Any system of assessment needs to be reliable, valid, sensitive to change, acceptable, relevant, realistic, and practical to use. Perceptions There is a strong need to combat bias and to dispel preconceptions in any review of disability. The disabled want the focus of their social relationships and medical interventions to be on their capabilities as far as that is reasonably possible. They wish to be accepted within society on an equal footing with equal rights....

Lion

Lion   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Mammals (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
4,403 words
Illustration(s):
4

...DNA, the Barbary lion formed a unique distinct population among the African lions. However it seems unlikely that the maternal line of the Moroccan king's lion is the Barbary. Further and more detailed researches should in time bear more fruit, which will either finally dispel the myth of the Barbary lion, or pave the way for a major restoration project. Nobuyuki Yamaguchi Why Lions Roar Lion ( Panthera leo ) © Corbis/ Digital Stock Long-distance vocal communication in African prides Asked to visualize a roaring lion, most people would probably...

orgasm

orgasm   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
1,578 words

...If a woman could not move her seat of excitation to her vagina, she would only wind up frigid. Meanwhile, Freud argued that the very transfer of excitation from clitoris to vagina over the course of a woman's maturation left her prone to hysteria . Kinsey's studies did much to dispel the vaginal-orgasm dogma of Freud. Indeed, Kinsey, who saw vaginal orgasm as a ‘biological impossibility’, took Freud to task for leaving thousands of women in a well of frustration and shame. Masters and Johnson's 1966 tome, Human Sexual Response , and The Hite Report ...

Phylogenetic Inference

Phylogenetic Inference   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
10,174 words
Illustration(s):
4

...This paper combines Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods with comparative method, to study the evolution of lichen formation. Nixon, K. C. , and J. M. Carpenter . “ On Outgroups. ” Cladistics 9 (1993): 413–426. An excellent review of the outgroup method. The authors also dispel some common misconceptions about rooting trees, outgroups, and polarity. Ou, C. Y. , C. A. Ciesielski , G. Myers , C. I. Bandea , C. C. Luo , B. T. Korber , J. I. Mullins , G. Schochetman , R. L. Berkelman , A. N. Economou , et al. “ Molecular Epidemiology of HIV...

Punctuated Equilibrium

Punctuated Equilibrium   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
4,124 words
Illustration(s):
1

...timings in the microevolutionary origin of species, since punctuated equilibrium emerges as the expected scaling of conventional speciation in geological time? We may at least assert that punctuated equilibrium had strong and salutary benefits for paleontological practice in dispelling the lethargy that had enveloped a field taught to regard its primary observations as an artifact of an imperfect record, hiding an invisible reality of gradualism. In the most immediately practical sense, punctuated equilibrium defined the phenomenon of stasis as an important...

shamans

shamans   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
994 words

...a mystical geography. Certain currents in modern medicine have initiated a renewal of focus on the powers of the imagination to heal the ailments of the body. Traditional shamans are thought to perform cures ‘through the mind’, by various ritualized, symbolic actions designed to dispel sickness by mimetic means. Thus, techniques and phenomona in contemporary medicine such as hypnosis , autogenics, placebo response, and imaging, which stress the effects of mental or emotional states on physical illness or well-being, are occasionally referred to as a...

Snakes

Snakes   Reference library

The New Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
18,296 words
Illustration(s):
30

...deaths and injuries from snakebites (perhaps as may as 100,000 people are killed annually; see The Threat from Snakebites ) has inevitably colored our perception of these creatures. However, any notion that snakes harbor some “aggressive” intent toward human victims can be dispelled forthwith; snakes are reactive, and only defend themselves by biting when they perceive a threat and can find no means of escape. Injection of venom into people is quite incidental to the primary role of this weapon in the snake's armory, and to stress the human attrition rate...

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