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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad (1849–1905)   Reference library

Asaad Al-Saleh

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,972 words

...of the social, educational, and economic system in the East, and he admired what he saw as the scientifically oriented and orderly European societies. Even though he criticized the West’s reliance on power and its dominance of Muslim states, ʿAbduh believed in dialogue to dispel misunderstanding between Western and Muslim societies, rather than designating the differences in religion and culture as basis for renouncing anything Western. Such a moderate political stance exposed him to tenacious critics accusing him of being friendly to foreign or hostile...

albariño

albariño   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...which means literally in Spanish ‘white (wine) from the Rhine’. It was probably brought to Spain in the twelfth century by Cluniac monks, and may well be a clone of the riesling grape. Its fresh, fragrant style helped considerably towards the end of the twentieth century in dispelling the negative image of Spanish white wines as heavy, over-oaked, and often...

Anderson, Carl David

Anderson, Carl David (1905–1991)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
344 words

...or ‘yukon’. However, this identification proved to be premature, as its interaction with nucleons was found to be so infrequent that it could not possibly perform the role described by Yukawa . From 1938 the particle became known as the meson, and the confusion was partly dispelled in 1947 when Cecil Powell discovered another and more active meson, to be known as the pi-meson or pion to distinguish it from Anderson's mu-meson or...

art and science

art and science   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
2,468 words

...the particular take precedence over the universal in artistic representations, for particularity is essential to rooting the object in a specific time and place. From idealization to deception and illusion is not a big step. Paintings portray miracles. Science reflects them. To dispel supernatural and miraculous origins of the Virgin Mary's “tears” in a painting, Johann Nepomuk Fischer in 1781 took recourse to early photometric techniques, especially as developed by Johann Heinrich Lambert ; he successfully separated optical illusion from reality. In the...

body odours

body odours   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
1,630 words

...exhalations, that to breathe it was to inhale a dangerous, perhaps fatal, poison’. Previously, ‘healthy’ body odours had been believed to protect against disease. Now virtually all body odours were suspected of being pathogenic. In the late nineteenth century this notion was dispelled by a new scientific paradigm which held that germs, rather than odours, caused disease. Nonetheless, the campaign to cleanse the body of dirt and ill odours continued, as these became closely associated both with disease-causing germs and with an ‘unclean’, immoral lifestyle....

Borage

Borage   Reference library

The Oxford Book of Health Foods

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...They turn pink on contact with acids (lemon juice or vinegar). The flowers are also made into a syrup, or candied as cake decorations. Claims and folklore Borage has been part of European herbal medicine for centuries – the leaves and flowers steeped in wine were once said to dispel ‘melancholy’. It has also been suggested that extracts: give relief to symptoms of rheumatism, colds, and bronchitis; can induce sweating and diuresis; increase breast milk production in women; act as a remedy in breast cancer and facial cancer; and improve dry skin conditions....

Brunel, Isambard Kingdom

Brunel, Isambard Kingdom (1806–1859)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
593 words

...steam crossing had been accomplished by the American Savannah in 1819 using steam in combination with sail. Conventional wisdom held that to cross the Atlantic on steam alone would require so much coal as to leave no room for freight. Brunel calculated otherwise and dispelled this myth with his Great Western ( 1837 ; 2340 tons), a timber ship driven by paddles. It crossed the Atlantic in 15 days with 200 tons of coal unused in its bunkers. Brunel went on to build the equally revolutionary Great Britain ( 1843 ; 3676 tons) with an iron hull...

Carabidae

Carabidae  

; class Insecta, order Coleoptera)Major family of generally black, brown, or metallic beetles, whose size ranges widely, from 2 to 35 mm long. They are often flightless, with fused elytra. The legs ...
Carabidae

Carabidae   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Zoology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
130 words

...Tiger beetles ( Cicindela species, which some authorities classify as a family, Cicindellidae) are thought to be the fastest-running land beetles, with speeds of almost 2.4 km per hour. Bombardier beetles ( Brachinus species) deter attackers with puffs of caustic chemicals, dispelled audibly from the abdomen. There are 25 000 species, distributed world-wide. ...

Cryosphere

Cryosphere   Reference library

Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
2,865 words

... of UC Santa Cruz concentrated on the glaciers feeding the Ross Ice Shelf. The radar revealed that, so far from melting away, the region is accumulating new ice at a brisk rate. Thanks to the observations from space, Denton's scenario of West Antarctica melting seemed to be dispelled. The ice sheets on the whole are pretty indifferent to minor fluctuations of climate such as occurred in the 20th century. They are playing in a different league, where the games last for tens of thousands of years. The chief features are growth during ice ages, followed by...

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