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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad (1849–1905)   Reference library

Asaad Al-Saleh

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,972 words

...of the social, educational, and economic system in the East, and he admired what he saw as the scientifically oriented and orderly European societies. Even though he criticized the West’s reliance on power and its dominance of Muslim states, ʿAbduh believed in dialogue to dispel misunderstanding between Western and Muslim societies, rather than designating the differences in religion and culture as basis for renouncing anything Western. Such a moderate political stance exposed him to tenacious critics accusing him of being friendly to foreign or hostile...

abhaya-mudrā

abhaya-mudrā   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
42 words

... (‘ gesture of fearlessness ’) In iconography a hand gesture ( mudrā ) in which the palm of a deity's or teacher's right hand is raised towards the devotee to inspire trust and dispel fear. Frequently represented on Hindu , Buddhist , and Jaina ...

abhaya-mudrā

abhaya-mudrā   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
102 words
Illustration(s):
1

...(Skt., gesture of fearlessness). Iconographic hand gesture ( mudrā ) whose purpose is to dispel fear and communicate protection, benevolence, and peace. Commonly found in representations of the Buddha and celestial Bodhisattvas, where the figure is usually depicted standing with the right arm bent, the palm raised and facing forwards, and the fingers joined. This gesture is rare among figures of lower status. There are many variations in which the left hand is also used, such as the double abhaya-mudrā found in south-east Asia, or in...

ācariya

ācariya (S.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...requisites, such as robes ( see tricīvara ) and alms bowl ( pātra ). He should tend to him if he is ill and discipline him if he commits wrongdoing. If the pupil should begin to entertain doubts about the dispensation or his abilities to practice, the teacher must try to dispel them. If the pupil should commit a grave offense against the rules of the saṃgha , the teacher is to prevail upon him to go before the saṃgha to seek expiation. If the pupil misbehaves or is disobedient, the teacher is enjoined to expel him. But if the pupil shows remorse and...

Acts

Acts   Reference library

Richard I. Pervo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Books of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,583 words

...set in the context of a royal wedding ( cf. Matt 22:1–14 ), that portrays the marriage of Christ and the church. This poem invites the thoughtful, biblically literate reader to engage the text on a symbolic level of rich intertextual associations. The stirring adventures do not dispel a dreamy quality from the narrative. Chapters 108–113 contain another hymn. On the surface this is a fine fairy tale. Its deeper level presents the theology of the book in poetic form. Textual evidence indicates that, although it arose in a kindred theological milieu, this...

ADAR

ADAR   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
393 words

...line with the general solar calendar. Adar is twenty-nine days in length in an ordinary year, thirty days in a leap year. Adar Sheni always has twenty-nine days. Nathan Bushwick , Understanding the Jewish Calendar (New York, 1989). George Zinberg , Jewish Calendar Mystery Dispelled (New York, 1963). Sasha Stern , Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, Second Century bce -Tenth Century ce (Oxford and New York, 2001). –CHAIM...

Advaita Vedānta

Advaita Vedānta  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
One of the major theological cum philosophical schools of the Vedānta darśana, now closely associated with the teachings of Śaṅkara (Śaṅkarācārya). The earliest identifiable Advaita text, the ...
Advaita Vedānta

Advaita Vedānta   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
786 words

...for reality is the source of ignorance ( avidyā ); conversely, liberating knowledge ( vidyā ) is the ability to distinguish between what is superimposed on the self and its true nature, which is brahman. With this discrimination ( viveka ), it is not just avidyā that is dispelled, but also māyā , the cosmic power of ‘illusion’ or artifice, which is coeval with ignorance, and its ultimate cause. For Śaṅkara, the logical problems caused by attributing reality or unreality to avidyā itself are irrelevant to the soteriological imperative of realizing its...

Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,621 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the agricultural sectors in the Tropical Asian countries, particularly in Bangladesh and Indonesia, where huge increases in population have created enormous economic and nutritional pressures. The specter of mass hunger caused by insufficient land resources has been dispelled by the so-called Green Revolution brought about by new, higher-yielding rice technologies. Rice yields indeed increased in Bangladesh by 47 percent per hectare between 1961–1965 and 1987–1991 , and in the same period by 133 percent in Indonesia. In both countries the area of...

Anselm of Canterbury

Anselm of Canterbury (1033–1109)   Reference library

David S. Hogg and Jeremy C. Thompson

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,663 words

...Green 42, l. 24–50, l. 18]), come in to influence DLA 7 and DV 6. By distinguishing between an inner, judging sense and an outer, purely perceptive one, this contrast defends the goodness of the human creation by dispelling claims that humanity is inherently disposed towards perceptive error. In general A.'s Trinitarian speculations, and in particular the ideas elaborated in M , seem to have deeply integrated the thought of Aug.'s Trin ., especially bks 5–9...

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