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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

aesthetics (Twentieth Century)

aesthetics (Twentieth Century)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
5,952 words

...to be the two dominant journals in the general field of analytic aesthetics. Peter Lamarque has provided a useful overview of the journal's contribution for the forty years between 1960 and 2000 ( Lamarque , 2000 ). The doldrums of aesthetics in Britain were gradually dispelled, principally by the second factor noted above: influence from the USA. Although Susanne Langer's book, Philosophy in a New Key ( 1942 ), had been influential in Britain through such people as Ruth Saw , it was the publication in 1958 of Monroe C. Beardsley 's Aesthetics:...

ancient philosophy, impact of

ancient philosophy, impact of   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
4,191 words

...elsewhere (chap. 5, sect. 1) urges the absurdity of supposing that random collocations of atoms could generate an ordered world. Closer engagement with ancient atomism is discernible in the writings of Walter Charleton , a follower of Gassendi . His The Darkness of Atheism Dispelled by the Light of Nature ( 1652 ) and Physiologia Epicuro-Gassendo-Charletoniana ( 1654 ), which pursue Gassendi's project of reconciling Epicureanism with Christianity, show close dependence on the latter's commentary on Diogenes Laertius X, a fundamental text for the...

Arnold, Matthew

Arnold, Matthew (1822–1888)   Reference library

Joseph Carroll

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,143 words

...Trilling began his career by writing an intellectual biography of Arnold, and Leavis, despite his nearly idolatrous deference to Eliot, vigorously defended Arnold against Eliot’s strictures. In one of his essays, the poet Wallace Stevens ( 1989 ) remarks that “to see the gods dispelled in mid-air and dissolve like clouds is one of the great human experiences.” A historian contemplating the fate of Arnoldian humanism in the past three or four decades might have an experience similar to that which Stevens describes. In the early 1970s, a metaphysical revolution...

Arnold, Matthew

Arnold, Matthew (1822)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,107 words

...Trilling began his career by writing an intellectual biography of Arnold, and Leavis, despite his nearidolatrous deference to Eliot, vigorously defended Arnold against Eliot's strictures. In one of his essays, the poet Wallace Stevens ( 1989 ) remarks that “to see the gods dispelled in mid-air and dissolve like clouds is one of the great human experiences.” A historian contemplating the fate of Arnoldian humanism in the past three or four decades might have an experience similar to that which Stevens describes. In the early 1970s, a metaphysical revolution...

BARTLETT, Elisha

BARTLETT, Elisha (1804–1855)   Reference library

Eric v.d. Luft

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...who advocated and successfully employed empiricism rather than metaphysical speculation in medicine. Bartlett dedicated the book to one of the leaders of this new movement, Louis, the originator of rigorously quantitative methods in medical research, and famous as the dispeller of the dangerous and ineffective therapeutics of François Joseph Victor Broussais . Louis and Bartlett urged not only careful observation of clinical presentations, which had been the norm in medicine since Hippocrates, but also careful collection and numerical analysis of data...

Brown, John

Brown, John (1715–66)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,928 words

...is the most useful text. The three essays are on ridicule considered as a test of truth , on the motives to virtue , and on revealed religion and Christianity. One of his concerns is to dispute, if not to discredit, Shaftesbury's generalization that ridicule is a way of dispelling falsehood and arriving at truth, though he does so in terms that are almost obsequiously polite. He regards ridicule as a ‘ Species of Eloquence ’, and thus a method inappropriate to the investigation of religious truth. Making the traditional psychological distinctions between...

Buddhist philosophy

Buddhist philosophy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,977 words

...publicity among English-speaking philosophers through the work of Derek Parfit . The third noble truth sets up nirvana as the final liberation from the pain of repeated embodiment, which can only happen if the ignorance of regarding oneself as a substantial permanent ego is dispelled. Ultimate and unending calm is attained when all cravings—even the craving for extinction—cease without leaving behind any seed. Since such a state is attainable by every thinking being, irrespective of class, gender, caste, or even species, Buddhism is not pessimistic or...

Butler, Joseph

Butler, Joseph (1692–1752)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
4,281 words

...thoughtful, morally upright, and generous in charitable works. As a moral writer, Butler eschews the more abstract reaches of moral metaphysics , and concerns himself with moral psychology . He is as much a practical as a theoretical thinker; his careful analysis is aimed at dispelling any intellectual confusions in his audience which may give them grounds, or at least excuse, for being less devoted to the cause of virtue than they should be. His moral theory rests on a careful analysis of human nature and his central contention is that virtue consists in...

Charleton, Walter

Charleton, Walter (1620–1707)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,438 words

...replacement for Aristotelianism as the foundation for natural philosophy. Charleton's books were among the first and most important vehicles by which Epicurean thought was brought to Britain in the mid-seventeenth century. The first of these works, The Darknes of Atheism Dispelled by the Light of Nature ( 1652 ), is a self-proclaimed work on natural theology , in which Charleton presents ‘the Demonstration of the Existence of God , by beams universally deradiated from that Catholick Criterion , the Light of Nature ’ ( ‘Advertisement to the Reader’,...

Cowell, Edward Byles

Cowell, Edward Byles (1826–1903)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
815 words

...Indian thought. His intellectual mastery of Advaita Vedānta, the most important idealistic movement in the East, was matched by his firm grasp of Nyāya, or logical system. Cowell consulted the basic Nyāya commentaries in manuscript, establishing a relative chronology, and helped dispel the false dichotomy in European minds between mystical, intuitive Oriental thinking and rational materialist Western thought. Cowell's remarkable breadth of scholarship was reflected in his contributions to botanical, archaeological and Celtic studies (he published a...

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