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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Antigonus Doson

Antigonus Doson (c.263–221bc)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
293 words

...for Demetrius II's young son Philip (later Philip V ), but after some initial military successes against invading Dardanians and Aetolians and rebellious Thessalians he was granted the royal title. He had already married Philip's mother Chryseis and adopted the boy, so dispelling suspicions that he might wish to usurp Philip's ultimate claim to succeed. Doson's reign is characterized by careful restorative diplomacy, in Thessaly, where he allowed the Thessalian League to be reconstituted, but especially in the Peloponnese, leading to the restoration...

Antigonus

Antigonus (3) (c.263–221 bc)   Reference library

R. M. Errington

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
337 words

... Demetrius (6) II 's young son Philip (later Philip (3) V ), but after some initial military successes against invading Dardanians and Aetolians and rebellious Thessalians he was granted the royal title. He had already married Philip's mother Chryseis and adopted the boy, so dispelling suspicions that he might wish to usurp Philip's ultimate claim to succeed. Doson's reign is characterized by careful restorative diplomacy, in Thessaly , where he allowed the Thessalian League to be reconstituted, but especially in the Peloponnese, leading to the restoration...

Augustine

Augustine (354–430ce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,001 words

...bishop, Valerius, was petitioning Carthage to have Augustine consecrated as his co-bishop, again in defiance of canon law. He became the sole bishop of Hippo in 396 . Many Christians, including a few of his own communion, questioned the authenticity of his conversion. In part to dispel suspicions of crypto-Manichaeism, Augustine narrated his conversion in a manner designed to evoke Saul's conversion on the road to Damascus. He also made the radical claim that a requirement for Christian conversion was the renunciation of fictional classical literature (prose...

dispel

dispel vt   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary: English-Latin (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries, Classical studies
Length:
6 words
Epicurus

Epicurus (341–270bce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
4,913 words
Illustration(s):
1

...( Letter to Herodotus 75f.), but not the gods, play a role. Epicurus also finds mechanical explanations for phenomena in the sky such as lightning and thunder that cause fear and anxiety in human beings. His explanatory hypotheses draw the rug out from under mythical beliefs, dispel fear, and are intended to contribute to a happy life. Ethics. In Epicurus’ view the goal of every action is to live a good life and to achieve happiness ( eudaimonia ). Pleasure ( hēdonē ) is an essential part of a good life, and pain needs to be avoided. Therefore, pleasure is...

Hadrian

Hadrian   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,667 words

...consulship for 118 . His position was thus very strong when Trajan died at Selinus in Cilicia on 8 August 117 . The next day his adoption by Trajan was announced. A single aureus with the reverse hadriano traiano caesari ( BM Coins , Rom. Emp. 3. lxxxvi, 124) cannot dispel the rumours that Plotina had staged an adoption after Trajan died. Hadrian was disliked by his peers and had rivals, but the army recognized him; the senate had to follow suit. Plotina and the guard prefect Attianus took Trajan's body to Rome, while Hadrian faced the...

Hadrian

Hadrian   Reference library

Anthony R. Birley

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,705 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to a second consulship for 118. His position was thus very strong when Trajan died at Selinus in Cilicia on 8 August 117 . The next day his adoption by Trajan was announced. A single aureus with the reverse hadriano traiano caesari ( BM Coins, Rom. Emp. 3. lxxxvi, 124) cannot dispel the rumours that Plotina had staged an adoption after Trajan died. Hadrian was disliked by his peers and had rivals, but the army recognized him; the senate had to follow suit. Plotina and the guard prefect Attianus took Trajan’s body to Rome, while Hadrian faced the crisis in...

Hadrian

Hadrian (ad 117–38)   Reference library

Anthony R. Birley

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,727 words

...to a second consulship for 118. His position was thus very strong when Trajan died at Selinus in Cilicia on 8 August 117. The next day his adoption by Trajan was announced. A single aureus with the reverse hadriano traiano caesari ( BM Coins, Rom. Emp. 3. lxxxvi, 124) cannot dispel the rumours that Plotina had staged an adoption after Trajan died. Hadrian was disliked by his peers and had rivals, but the army recognized him; the senate had to follow suit. Plotina and the guard prefect Attianus took Trajan's body to Rome, while Hadrian faced the crisis in...

Heroön

Heroön   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
1,011 words

...(Theseus at Athens , Anios at Delos ), legislator (Lykourgos at Sparta ) or soldier (Brasidas at Amphipolis ). Each city hoped, through an appropriate cult, to capture after the hero’s death the beneficial, semi-divine influence he had exercised while alive, and sometimes to dispel the evil influence of a vengeful hero by funerary honours. For example, at Temesa in southern Italy a drunken sailor who had raped a virgin was stoned to death and left unburied by the furious population, and at Delphi the inhabitants killed Neoptolemos in the Sanctuary of...

meteorology

meteorology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
132 words

...Aristotle's Meteorology includes accounts not only of comets and meteors but of the weather, earthquakes, the origins of seas and rivers, and the formation of minerals. Theophrastus also wrote a Meteorology , parts of which survive in a Syriac version. The Epicureans aimed to dispel fear by explaining the nature of those aspects which terrify most ( see Lucretius , book 6 ). Poseidonius ' work in some part survives in the Younger Seneca's Natural Questions , and treats the subject in Stoic fashion as part of the workings of the whole...

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