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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad (1849–1905)   Reference library

Asaad Al-Saleh

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,972 words

...of the social, educational, and economic system in the East, and he admired what he saw as the scientifically oriented and orderly European societies. Even though he criticized the West’s reliance on power and its dominance of Muslim states, ʿAbduh believed in dialogue to dispel misunderstanding between Western and Muslim societies, rather than designating the differences in religion and culture as basis for renouncing anything Western. Such a moderate political stance exposed him to tenacious critics accusing him of being friendly to foreign or hostile...

abhaya-mudrā

abhaya-mudrā   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
42 words

... (‘ gesture of fearlessness ’) In iconography a hand gesture ( mudrā ) in which the palm of a deity's or teacher's right hand is raised towards the devotee to inspire trust and dispel fear. Frequently represented on Hindu , Buddhist , and Jaina ...

abhaya-mudrā

abhaya-mudrā   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
102 words
Illustration(s):
1

...(Skt., gesture of fearlessness). Iconographic hand gesture ( mudrā ) whose purpose is to dispel fear and communicate protection, benevolence, and peace. Commonly found in representations of the Buddha and celestial Bodhisattvas, where the figure is usually depicted standing with the right arm bent, the palm raised and facing forwards, and the fingers joined. This gesture is rare among figures of lower status. There are many variations in which the left hand is also used, such as the double abhaya-mudrā found in south-east Asia, or in...

Aboriginal politics (historical)

Aboriginal politics (historical)   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,736 words

...to Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association's motto went unnoticed by historians until very recently, when research by Indigenous historian John Maynard (grandson of Fred Maynard ) revealed the extent of Garvey's influence on the AAPA. This new research dispels the long‐held misconception that the early Aboriginal political movement was both unsophisticated and Christian– (or white–) influenced. The AAPA was to be a significant influence on the ideas and activities of the next generation of activists and organisations that emerged in...

Aboriginal Song and Narrative in Translation

Aboriginal Song and Narrative in Translation   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
4,063 words

...Historical Narratives by Aborigines (1986), ed. Luise Hercus and Peter Sutton , is a fine example of the way oral narrative can be made accessible to a wider audience. This book contains thirty-three stories by twenty-five narrators in twenty-two languages (thereby helping to dispel the notion that there is a single Aboriginal language – when in fact up to 260 Aboriginal languages have been identified, each usually as distinct from one another as English is from German). The stories were told orally by the ‘authors’ and usually tape-recorded and transcribed...

Abu Yaʿla, Muhammad ibn al-Husayn ibn al-Farraʾ al-Baghdadi

Abu Yaʿla, Muhammad ibn al-Husayn ibn al-Farraʾ al-Baghdadi   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
313 words

...from earlier Hanbali scholars. Abu Yaʿla belonged to the entourage of the vizier Ibn al-Muslima and thereby was finally chosen as the judge for the royal harem. In his book on the principles of religion he strongly used the methodology of kalām (philosophical theology), which dispels the myth of Hanbali uniformity and antirationalism. This attitude caused him some criticism among fellow Hanbalis. Only a small part of his writings survived. Among his printed works are Al-ʿudda fi usul al-fiqh on the principles and methodology of jurisprudence and Al-ahkam ...

ācariya

ācariya (S.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...requisites, such as robes ( see tricīvara ) and alms bowl ( pātra ). He should tend to him if he is ill and discipline him if he commits wrongdoing. If the pupil should begin to entertain doubts about the dispensation or his abilities to practice, the teacher must try to dispel them. If the pupil should commit a grave offense against the rules of the saṃgha , the teacher is to prevail upon him to go before the saṃgha to seek expiation. If the pupil misbehaves or is disobedient, the teacher is enjoined to expel him. But if the pupil shows remorse and...

Acts

Acts   Reference library

Richard I. Pervo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Books of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,583 words

...set in the context of a royal wedding ( cf. Matt 22:1–14 ), that portrays the marriage of Christ and the church. This poem invites the thoughtful, biblically literate reader to engage the text on a symbolic level of rich intertextual associations. The stirring adventures do not dispel a dreamy quality from the narrative. Chapters 108–113 contain another hymn. On the surface this is a fine fairy tale. Its deeper level presents the theology of the book in poetic form. Textual evidence indicates that, although it arose in a kindred theological milieu, this...

ADAR

ADAR   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
393 words

...line with the general solar calendar. Adar is twenty-nine days in length in an ordinary year, thirty days in a leap year. Adar Sheni always has twenty-nine days. Nathan Bushwick , Understanding the Jewish Calendar (New York, 1989). George Zinberg , Jewish Calendar Mystery Dispelled (New York, 1963). Sasha Stern , Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, Second Century bce -Tenth Century ce (Oxford and New York, 2001). –CHAIM...

Adele

Adele   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
157 words

...• Adele , Aix-la-Chapelle, aquarelle, artel, au naturel, bagatelle, béchamel, befell, bell, belle, boatel, Brunel, Cadell, carousel, cartel, cell, Chanel, chanterelle, clientele, Clonmel, compel, Cornell, crime passionnel, dell, demoiselle, dispel, dwell, el, ell, Estelle, excel, expel, farewell, fell, Fidel, fontanelle, foretell, Gabrielle, gazelle, gel, Giselle, hell, hotel, impel, knell, lapel, mademoiselle, maître d'hôtel, Manuel, marcel, matériel, mesdemoiselles, Michel, Michelle, Miguel, misspell, morel, moschatel, Moselle, motel, muscatel, nacelle,...

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