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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Annales Gandenses

Annales Gandenses   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...for the Flemings. Yet he did not absolve his fellow citizens of their excesses as they eagerly mopped up the battlefield at Courtrai by killing all the French they could, regardless of social status. As the annalist records, the massive defeat of French arms at Courtrai did not dispel King Philip IV’s ire against the region. In spite of the French loss in 1302 , Philip moved against Flanders in 1304 . The annalist again provides crucial details but a skewed conclusion for the resulting battle at Mons-en-Pèvéle; all the contemporary sources and modern...

Assassins

Assassins   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...as a common noun meaning a professional murderer. The etymology of the name “Assassins” was eventually correctly explained by the orientalists of the nineteenth century. Modern scholarship in Ismaili studies, based on authentic Ismaili sources, has now begun to deconstruct and dispel the medieval legends surrounding the Nizaris. It has also shown that the name “Assassins” is a misnomer rooted in a pejorative appellation and lacking basis in any communal or organized use of hashish by the Nizari Ismailis, who were deeply devoted to their community. [ See also ...

Colored Troops, U.S

Colored Troops, U.S   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...the art of soldiering. Initially, USCT regiments were mustered into service as labor and support units. The War Department and a substantial amount of the Northern public did not think that black troops could withstand the rigors of combat. Once they fought, black regiments dispelled that notion. In the spring and summer of 1863 , USCT units engaged in three major battles. The 1st and 3rd Louisiana Guards participated in an assault on the Confederate stronghold of Port Hudson on the Mississippi River in May. Although they did not break through the...

Chambers, Cyril

Chambers, Cyril (28 February 1897–2 October 1975)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...at the expense of their men and that all virtue resided in the ranks. A public campaign which raised concern about the moral climate of the occupation of Japan saw him make an official inspection of the British Commonwealth Occupation Force area in late 1946 , which helped to dispel public, or at least newspaper, concern about the circumstances confronting Australian troops there. He was a strong Catholic (which did not prevent him from marrying three times, on the second occasion to a divorcee) and member of the Labor right, opposed to communist influence...

Châlons, battle of

Châlons, battle of (451)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...in the mêlée, but a ferocious counter-attack by Thorismond drove the Huns from the field. Although the battle of Châlons was not a catastrophe, it was of considerable significance as being the first time that Attila had been defeated and suffered serious casualties. Châlons dispelled the myth of invincibility that had worked so potently on both his enemies and allies. Chris...

enemy, attitudes to

enemy, attitudes to   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...soldier may feel neither hatred nor affection for the enemy. ‘I simply thought about the job in hand,’ recalled a British Falklands veteran, ‘and they happened to be in the way of getting the job done.’ On the other hand the abstract image of a hateful enemy is often dispelled by personal contact. In the Peninsular war , Sgt William Wheeler found a captured French corporal ‘as light hearted and merry a companion as I could wish’, while his compatriot Edward Costello established ‘a very amicable feeling’ for the French, ‘apart from duty in the...

Strategic Debate in Australia 1945–2005

Strategic Debate in Australia 1945–2005   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...relationships, as well as an exceptional talent for securing information that the governments concerned were not entirely willing to see in the hands of outsiders. His Politics and Force Levels: The Strategic Missile Program of the Kennedy Administration ( 1980 ) dispelled a good deal of earlier ‘disinformation’ about the strategic nuclear balance between the United States and the Soviet Union, and his A Suitable Piece of Real Estate: American Installations in Australia ( 1980 ) greatly broadened the basis of understanding on which the presence...

Norway

Norway   Reference library

Olav Riste

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...the free world. They brought with them the nucleus of an administration as well as of a navy and an air force. The king's refusal to abdicate strengthened his position as the symbol of resistance and national unity, and his unflinching support of his cabinet served gradually to dispel the unpopularity of a government blamed for the disasters that had befallen the country in the spring of 1940 . Co-operation between the home front and the government-in-exile improved as communications across the North Sea or via Sweden could be established, although sharp...

Napoleonic wars

Napoleonic wars (1803–15)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
3,134 words
Illustration(s):
2

...the home waters and the foreign trade on which Britain's prosperity and, ultimately, her ability to pay for the war depended, the Royal Navy already faced too many demands on its resources and tonnage was in short supply. Even the triumph of Trafalgar in 1805 was to fail to dispel Britain's basic strategic problems; her naval supremacy was a necessary condition for France's defeat, but it was not a sufficient one. Indeed, although Britain, relying on the flexibility of naval power , was to execute a number of raids on the littoral of the European...

Women, Gender, and Contemporary Armed Conflict

Women, Gender, and Contemporary Armed Conflict   Reference library

Megan MacKenzie

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
9,730 words

...as a gender-neutral term as well as representations of the post-conflict era as a time where men and women’s experiences are similar. Assessments of post-conflict reconstruction, rehabilitation, progress, and development have been deeply impacted by emerging research that dispels traditional assumptions about “women’s place” both during and after conflict. Emerging research depicting women’s involvement in conflict and sources of empowerment for women in conflict complicate the notions that the end of war and the transition to peace is attractive to...

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