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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

primaries, Presidential

primaries, Presidential   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
961 words

...Republican primaries but could not derail the candidacy of Thomas Dewey. Entering primaries enabled candidates to dispel doubts about their electability and gain the support of political bosses who controlled a majority of the convention delegates. In 1960 John F. Kennedy won primaries in Wisconsin and West Virginia, demonstrating that a Catholic could do well with Protestant voters. In 1968 Richard Nixon won enough primaries to dispel his “loser” reputation. By 1968 primaries were held in 17 states, accounting for 37.5 percent of the Democratic and...

Honecker, Erich

Honecker, Erich (25 Aug. 1912)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
660 words

...German Social Democrats, and his arrogance towards the Soviet Union. He sought, and gained, Soviet blessing for the removal of Ulbricht as SED first secretary in 1971 . He was then unanimously elected to that office, which he occupied until October 1989 . Honecker sought to dispel his austere image. For a time he allowed more freedom in the arts. In 1976 he also announced a mass of social welfare measures designed to increase the birth rate. He followed the Soviet line on détente with West Germany, which paved the way for mutual recognition by the two...

Owen, David

Owen, David (2 July 1938)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
571 words

...and Owen—the two went their own ways. Journalists gleefully played the game of ‘hunt the split’. While many Liberals talked of the possibility of an Alliance government, he dismissed such talk and campaigned for a hung parliament. He was still strongly anti-Labour and eager to dispel impressions that a vote for the Alliance might provide a backdoor entry for a Labour government. He admired Mrs Thatcher as a leader more than Neil Kinnock . Following the election there were moves in both parties to effect a merger. Owen resisted, but when a ballot of SDP...

Ukraine

Ukraine   Reference library

Marta Dyczok

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,212 words

...Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler exterminated countless millions in Holodomor (artificial famine), the Gulag, two world wars, and more. When Ukraine appeared on the world map in 1991 , its first task was to establish itself as an independent actor on the international scene, to dispel the perception that it was Russia's junior partner. This really happened only after 1994 , in large part because of the way that Ukraine played its nuclear card—it agreed to give up the weapons it inherited from the Soviet era (the only country in history to do so) but only in a...

China

China   Reference library

Wei-Chin Lee

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
6,604 words

...pragmatism usually prevailed, yielding an overall forward trajectory. Even in the wake of the brutal suppression of the 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy demonstration, Deng remained steadfast by declaring that “development is the only hard truth” in the early 1990 s to dispel any doubt of China ’s quest for economic transition and growth. China continued its extraordinary growth trajectory in the 1990 s and the 2000 s, with an average growth of over 10 percent per year until the second half of 2008 , when the world economy was hindered by the...

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,347 words

...government. Globalization, the future expansion of NAFTA , and the possible normalization of U.S. relations with Cuba may erode the relative advantage of Puerto Rico's commonwealth status. It is argued that only statehood will provide the permanent political stability and dispel the uncertainties and risks of the island's present colonial status. Although in the 1996 elections, the pro statehood PNP, led by Roselló, became a majority party by capturing 51.1 percent of the electorate, nationalist sentiment has increased as a result of the U.S. Navy...

World Bank

World Bank   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
7,721 words

...the Bank later moved closer to center stage, the nature of its role was defined mainly by the U.S. Treasury Department. From the strenuous defense of creditors' claims to the cautious provision of guarantees on repayment of restructured debt, its words and actions did nothing to dispel suspicions that it was a handmaiden of private bankers. Yet the supertanker does change course, often in ways that are mystifying to those of its own crew and those of other vessels. World Bank watchers usually point to hegemonic pressures to account for changes in the...

marginalism

marginalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The technique of studying economic change by examining any small rate of change of any one variable (e.g. cost, revenue, consumer satisfaction) relative to another. Analytically powerful because it ...
marginalism

marginalism   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
182 words

...satisfaction) relative to another. Analytically powerful because it enables the rules of calculus to be directly applied to economic reasoning. Marginalism was imported into political thinking by economists who turned to politics. The benefit of marginalist thought is that it can dispel common fallacies, for instance ‘We have spent £ K (where K is a large number) on Concorde so far and have got nothing to show for it; therefore we should spend the further £ K ? (where K ? is a slightly smaller number) needed to complete the development, so as not to waste...

Common Sense

Common Sense   Reference library

Willi Paul Adams

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
359 words

...was published in February by the Philadelphia printers Melchior Steiner and Carl Cist . This wide distribution, together with newspaper excerpts, made Common Sense the single most influential pamphlet of the Revolutionary War. In rousing agitator’s rhetoric, Paine dispelled as a myth the “balanced,” liberty-protecting char- acter of the British constitution. Hereditary monarchy and aristocracy were absurd, Paine argued, and irreconcilable with the natural equality of human beings. The colonists could not seriously hope for a permanent...

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