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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Medieval Climatic Optimum

Medieval Climatic Optimum   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...epoch is discussed by Grove ( 1996 ). Some recent tree ring analyses for Fennoscandia by Briffa et al. ( 1990 ), however, have failed to find any unambiguous evidence for this warm phase, or for very extended runs of warm years. They conclude (p. 438) that their reconstruction “dispels any notion that summers in Fennoscandia were consistently warm throughout that period. Although the second half of the twelfth century was very warm, the first half was very cold. For most of the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, summers were near normal (relative to the mean...

Medieval Climate Optimum

Medieval Climate Optimum   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...closely with warm wet years ( Li et al., 2006 ). However, some recent tree-ring analyses for Fennoscandia by Briffa et al. ( 1990 ) have failed to find unambiguous evidence for this warm phase or for extended warm periods. They conclude (p. 438) that their reconstruction “dispels any notion that summers in Fennoscandia were consistently warm throughout that period. Although the second half of the twelfth century was very warm, the first half was very cold. For most of the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, summers were near normal (relative to the mean...

Scientists’ Views about Public Engagement and Science Communication in the Context of Climate Change

Scientists’ Views about Public Engagement and Science Communication in the Context of Climate Change   Reference library

John Besley and Anthony Dudo

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...move as a shift in priorities away from teaching as a communication tactic with the objective of increasing knowledge toward objectives that might be possible from meaningful dialogue between scientists and nonscientists. Objective: Science Knowledge Increasing knowledge and dispelling myths have long been the aims of scientists who choose to communicate ( Burnham, 1987 ). However, while the science education literature (e.g., Lederman, Bartos, & Lederman, 2014 ) continues to focus on increasing knowledge of science-related facts and processes, a wide...

Strategic Framing and Persuasive Messaging to Influence Climate Change Perceptions and Decisions

Strategic Framing and Persuasive Messaging to Influence Climate Change Perceptions and Decisions   Reference library

Toby Bolsen and Matthew A. Shapiro

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...and produced boomerang effects among polarized partisans. And, also in a similar line of research, Kahan et al. ( 2011 ) conducted a study to test the hypothesis that cultural cognition theory driven by directional motivated reasoning explains the failure of expert consensus to dispel public controversy over the issues of climate change, nuclear waste storage, and gun rights. They conducted a nationally representative survey experiment in the United States and varied attributions of a “low risk” or “high risk” frame on each issue to one of three featured...

The Arts and Humanities in Climate Change Engagement

The Arts and Humanities in Climate Change Engagement   Reference library

Julia B. Corbett and Brett Clark

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...worldview even shapes the responses of individuals who are concerned about climate and other environmental issues. The individualistic culture encourages shopping as a solution, rather than organizing as communities for reform and change. Overall, research has largely dispelled the “information deficit” model of climate change communication ( Nisbet & Scheufele, 2009 ; Sturgis & Allum, 2004 ); studies have even found that more knowledge can hinder behavior change ( Gardener & Stern, 2002 ; Kahlor & Rosenthal, 2009 ). Additionally, typical one-way...

Ethics for Climate Change Communicators

Ethics for Climate Change Communicators   Reference library

Michael Lamb

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...cognitive conceptions of practical reason that downplay the influence of emotions and thereby leave climate communicators without adequate conceptual resources to evaluate and motivate persuasive communication. Committed Kantians, however, still have one resource that might dispel these worries and offer a more nuanced approach to climate communication: the distinction between categorical and hypothetical imperatives . While Kant argued that moral actions must be based on the “categorical imperative” and not violate this a priori principle, he...

Strategies for Countering False Information and Beliefs about Climate Change

Strategies for Countering False Information and Beliefs about Climate Change   Reference library

R. Kelly Garrett

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...it. Separating climate change knowledge from social identity is no small task given the extreme ideological polarization evident in the climate change debate today ( Leiserowitz et al., 2014 ). In Kahan’s words, “It would be glib to say ‘that’s all communicators have to do’ to dispel polarization over climate science. It is what they have to do. But how to do this is far from obvious” ( 2015 , p. 30). He recommends that science communicators, educators, and public opinion scholars distinguish between (a) beliefs about climate change and (b) knowledge of what...

RACE, CLASS, Gender and Climate Change Communication

RACE, CLASS, Gender and Climate Change Communication   Reference library

Adam R. Pearson, Matthew T. Ballew, Jonathon P. Schuldt, and Sarah Naiman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
13,933 words
Illustration(s):
3

...M. Q. (2003). Climate change and extreme weather events: Can developing countries adapt? Climate Policy , 3 , 233–248. Mohai, P. (1985). Public concern and elite involvement in environmental-conservation issues. Social Science Quarterly , 66 , 820–838. Mohai, P. (2003). Dispelling old myths: African American. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development , 45 , 10–26. Mohai, P. (2008). Equity and the environmental justice debate. Research in Social Problems and Public Policy , 15 , 21–49. Mohai, P. , & Bryant, B. (1998). Is there a...

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