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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

albariño

albariño   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...which means literally in Spanish ‘white (wine) from the Rhine’. It was probably brought to Spain in the twelfth century by Cluniac monks, and may well be a clone of the riesling grape. Its fresh, fragrant style helped considerably towards the end of the twentieth century in dispelling the negative image of Spanish white wines as heavy, over-oaked, and often...

Medieval Climatic Optimum

Medieval Climatic Optimum   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...epoch is discussed by Grove ( 1996 ). Some recent tree ring analyses for Fennoscandia by Briffa et al. ( 1990 ), however, have failed to find any unambiguous evidence for this warm phase, or for very extended runs of warm years. They conclude (p. 438) that their reconstruction “dispels any notion that summers in Fennoscandia were consistently warm throughout that period. Although the second half of the twelfth century was very warm, the first half was very cold. For most of the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, summers were near normal (relative to the mean...

Medieval Climate Optimum

Medieval Climate Optimum   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...closely with warm wet years ( Li et al., 2006 ). However, some recent tree-ring analyses for Fennoscandia by Briffa et al. ( 1990 ) have failed to find unambiguous evidence for this warm phase or for extended warm periods. They conclude (p. 438) that their reconstruction “dispels any notion that summers in Fennoscandia were consistently warm throughout that period. Although the second half of the twelfth century was very warm, the first half was very cold. For most of the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, summers were near normal (relative to the mean...

Punctuated Equilibrium

Punctuated Equilibrium   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
4,124 words
Illustration(s):
1

...timings in the microevolutionary origin of species, since punctuated equilibrium emerges as the expected scaling of conventional speciation in geological time? We may at least assert that punctuated equilibrium had strong and salutary benefits for paleontological practice in dispelling the lethargy that had enveloped a field taught to regard its primary observations as an artifact of an imperfect record, hiding an invisible reality of gradualism. In the most immediately practical sense, punctuated equilibrium defined the phenomenon of stasis as an important...

Phylogenetic Inference

Phylogenetic Inference   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
10,174 words
Illustration(s):
4

...This paper combines Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods with comparative method, to study the evolution of lichen formation. Nixon, K. C. , and J. M. Carpenter . “ On Outgroups. ” Cladistics 9 (1993): 413–426. An excellent review of the outgroup method. The authors also dispel some common misconceptions about rooting trees, outgroups, and polarity. Ou, C. Y. , C. A. Ciesielski , G. Myers , C. I. Bandea , C. C. Luo , B. T. Korber , J. I. Mullins , G. Schochetman , R. L. Berkelman , A. N. Economou , et al. “ Molecular Epidemiology of HIV...

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Nuclear Regulatory Commission   Reference library

J. Samuel Walker

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...the safety of nuclear power and other civilian applications of nuclear energy. The NRC, headed by five commissioners appointed by the president of United States, began operations in January 1975 . Most of its staff members were holdovers from the AEC, but the new agency hoped to dispel the widespread public suspicion of the AEC by demonstrating its toughness as a regulator. This proved difficult, if not impossible. As the public debate over the safety of nuclear power raged on, former critics of the AEC were not inclined to regard the NRC more charitably. The...

Borage

Borage   Reference library

The Oxford Book of Health Foods

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...They turn pink on contact with acids (lemon juice or vinegar). The flowers are also made into a syrup, or candied as cake decorations. Claims and folklore Borage has been part of European herbal medicine for centuries – the leaves and flowers steeped in wine were once said to dispel ‘melancholy’. It has also been suggested that extracts: give relief to symptoms of rheumatism, colds, and bronchitis; can induce sweating and diuresis; increase breast milk production in women; act as a remedy in breast cancer and facial cancer; and improve dry skin conditions....

Thorndike, Edward Lee

Thorndike, Edward Lee (1874–1949)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
618 words

...at Teachers College of Columbia University, and his contributions to educational psychology are many. His textbook, Educational Psychology ( 1903 , later revised and expanded), became a classic in that field. In 1901 he published a paper with Robert Sessions Woodworth dispelling the myth that training on one task necessarily transfers to training on a different task ( see transfer of training ); this paper foretold the end of traditional classical education in schools. He also did work on mental measurements and the study of individual differences,...

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually Transmitted Diseases   Reference library

Vern L. Bullough and Ronald L. Numbers

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...attack on prostitution, or “the social evil.” The influential American Medical Association actively supported this campaign. The New York City dermatologist Prince A. Morrow ( 1846–1914 ), a prominent figure in the venereal-disease field in the later part of his life, worked to dispel the silence surrounding these diseases and their spread. Only the elimination of prostitution, not just its regulation, Morrow insisted, would suffice. Because of the reformers’ emphasis on sexual self-control, the U.S. Army during World War I resisted issuing prophylactics to...

Sex Education

Sex Education   Reference library

Jeffrey P. Moran

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...were transmitted through prostitution and that the social-hygiene movement must therefore attack both problems simultaneously. Despite what they perceived as a “conspiracy of silence” surrounding sexual matters, social hygienists argued that sex education was essential to dispel the ignorance about sex, disease, and immorality that made prostitution and other misbehavior possible. After experimenting with public lectures to adult audiences, sex educators by 1914 turned decisively toward the public schools to teach young people a mixture of medical and...

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