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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Nuclear Regulatory Commission   Reference library

J. Samuel Walker

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...the safety of nuclear power and other civilian applications of nuclear energy. The NRC, headed by five commissioners appointed by the president of United States, began operations in January 1975 . Most of its staff members were holdovers from the AEC, but the new agency hoped to dispel the widespread public suspicion of the AEC by demonstrating its toughness as a regulator. This proved difficult, if not impossible. As the public debate over the safety of nuclear power raged on, former critics of the AEC were not inclined to regard the NRC more charitably. The...

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually Transmitted Diseases   Reference library

Vern L. Bullough and Ronald L. Numbers

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...attack on prostitution, or “the social evil.” The influential American Medical Association actively supported this campaign. The New York City dermatologist Prince A. Morrow ( 1846–1914 ), a prominent figure in the venereal-disease field in the later part of his life, worked to dispel the silence surrounding these diseases and their spread. Only the elimination of prostitution, not just its regulation, Morrow insisted, would suffice. Because of the reformers’ emphasis on sexual self-control, the U.S. Army during World War I resisted issuing prophylactics to...

Sex Education

Sex Education   Reference library

Jeffrey P. Moran

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...were transmitted through prostitution and that the social-hygiene movement must therefore attack both problems simultaneously. Despite what they perceived as a “conspiracy of silence” surrounding sexual matters, social hygienists argued that sex education was essential to dispel the ignorance about sex, disease, and immorality that made prostitution and other misbehavior possible. After experimenting with public lectures to adult audiences, sex educators by 1914 turned decisively toward the public schools to teach young people a mixture of medical and...

knee-elbow position

knee-elbow position   Quick reference

Concise Medical Dictionary (9 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
30 words

...position the buttocks-up position assumed by patients undergoing anorectal examinations, now commonly performed in the left lateral position. It is useful for helping patients dispel excess flatus following...

typhus — The Great Killers

typhus — The Great Killers   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
1,079 words

...Britain, London experienced a serious epidemic in the 1860s, when a combination of major railway construction and building trade strikes led to extensive dislocation and deprivation in the city. The disease also appeared briefly in Lancashire during the Cotton Famine, but was dispelled by intensive philanthropic efforts among the cotton workers. By the 1870s, endemic typhus was retreating from cities throughout Europe, and by the 1880s it had become a disease of Europe's margins, surviving in Ireland, Russia, Austria, and Turkey; in the Eastern Mediterranean;...

violence

violence   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
2,892 words

...Aggression is dispelled harmlessly in a peaceful society in many forms of sport but is manifest in several health problems. The most prominent are assaultative violence including homicide; domestic violence, which includes woman battering, child abuse , abuse of old people ; rape and sexual assault; road rage; and violence directed against the self. In 1996 , the World Health Organization defined violence as ‘the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or a group or community, that results...

knee-elbow position

knee-elbow position  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The buttocks-up position assumed by patients undergoing anorectal examinations, now commonly performed in the left lateral position. It is also useful for helping patients dispel excess flatus ...
cults and quackery

cults and quackery   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
2,595 words

...the creed of which declared that ‘there is but one creation, and it is wholly spiritual’. Matter therefore was an illusion; hence there could be no such reality as somatic disease. As explained in her best-selling textbook, Science and health ( 1875 ), true ‘mind healing’ would dispel the illusions of sickness and pain. Proclaiming itself the new scientific medicine of the new age, Christian Science owed its high rate of conversions to the ‘patient: heal thyself’ confidence it inspired. Especially in 19th-century North America, medical cults and fringe...

Medical Malpractice

Medical Malpractice   Reference library

Kenneth Allen DeVille

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Health ; Religion and Science ; and Technology .] Bibliography Baker, Tom . The Medical Malpractice Myth . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. Baker synthesizes the scholarly and empirical evidence on medical malpractice and makes a special attempt to test and dispel popular and professional misconceptions regarding suits. Bovbjerg, Randall R. , and Robert A. Berenson . “Surmounting Myths and Mindsets in Medical Malpractice.” Urban Policy Briefs . Urban Institute, 2005. http://www.urban.org/uploadedPDF/411227_medical_malpractice.pdf (accessed...

Gender and Science

Gender and Science   Reference library

Londa Schiebinger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...only 400,000 were women ( Rossiter, 1995 , p. 31). Women for the most part missed out on the great age of postwar American science, during which record growth occurred in terms of monies spent, persons trained, and jobs created. This early history of women in U.S. science dispels the myth of inevitable progress: women’s participation cannot be characterized as a march of steady progress but as cycles of advancement and retrenchment. Women’s situation has changed along with the fortunes of war and peace, politics and economies, and climates of opinion....

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