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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Gurzil Dispels the Darkness  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Libya)Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, and a dispeller of ...
Muslim Women's League

Muslim Women's League   Reference library

Saba Senses Ozyurt

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
782 words

...free, equal, and vital contributors to society” (Muslim Women's League). The mission statement of the organization reads “[T]he widespread lack of education about Islam and women's rights in Islam has led to many misconceptions about Muslims in the American society. In order to dispel these stereotypes, the MWL works to educate both Muslims and non-Muslims about Islam and women in Islam by participating in conferences, providing lectures, publications, media interviews, and ongoing classes on Quran” (Muslim Women's League). The organization's website, which...

Kindī, Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥaq al-

Kindī, Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥaq al-   Reference library

Peter Adamson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
865 words

...that for al-Kindī the proper political arrangement consists in rule by a rational king, which is greeted by unquestioning obedience. For insight into the proper behavior of such a rational king, we can turn to al-Kindī's extant ethical writings. In a work entitled “On Dispelling Sorrows,” he first sets out the basic ethical principle that one should disdain the goods of the physical world and turn towards the “world of the intellect.” He then gives a series of anecdotes, sayings, and bits of advice intended to help us achieve this. Several of these...

Medieval Court Poetry

Medieval Court Poetry   Reference library

Samer M. Ali

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
1,355 words

...to fight ( taḥrīḍ ) and, most surprisingly, a warrior poetess dubbed al-Hujayjah, of the Banū Shaybān, raised armies and built military alliances to defend against an attack by the Sassanian emperor in the Battle of Dhū Qār, a monumental battle for early Islamic culture that dispelled the Sassanian's aura of invincibility. Later, at the Umayyad court, Laylā al-Akhyalīyah (d. c. 704) used her poetic skill to shame the court into making concessions, to lampoon a rival poet, al-Nābighah al-Jaʿdī ( d. 684 ), and to immortalize her deceased lover, Tawbah. Lore...

Salafi Groups

Salafi Groups   Reference library

Chris LaRossa

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
1,169 words

...women themselves must pick up the slack, so to speak, and train to become suicide bombers and fighters. Still another variant of Salafism reveals that just as many women embrace toleration, rather than don suicide vests. Salafyo Costa is an Egyptian Salafi group that works to dispel negative stereotypes regarding Salafis, simultaneously working alongside other groups of varying ideologies to promote diversity and striving to improve Egypt's social concerns. Their name is a play on the anti-Western stereotype of continually a Salafi who would never drink...

Haydn, (Franz) Joseph

Haydn, (Franz) Joseph   Reference library

Pierpaolo Polzonetti

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
3,492 words

...Tobit, for having lost everything as a result of his all-too-charitable disposition. She then expresses her preoccupation for his son Tobia, who went on a journey to Media, where he married Sara, whose previous seven husbands have been killed by a demon. Her worries are dispelled as the angel Raphael appears in disguise as their son’s traveling companion. In his aria “Anna m’ascolta: Quel figlio,” Raphael reassures Anna that Tobia is about to come home. He will restore sight to his father thanks to a medicine he made out of a fish. The emphatic...

Shuʿūbīyah

Shuʿūbīyah   Reference library

Racha el Omari

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,871 words

...in the way it looks at tafsīr (Qurʾānic exegesis) as a new source for the study of the Shuʿūbīyah movement, where locality, rather than lineage or language, emerges as a basic trait for the self-identification of the proponents of the Shuʿūbīyah. Furthermore, Mottahedeh dispels any lingering notion of the Shuʿūbīyah's historical connection to modern Iranian nationalism. Norris, H. T. “Shuʿūbīyah in Arabic Literature.” In ʿAbbasid Belles-Lettres , edited by Julia Ashtiany , pp. 32–47. Cambridge History of Arabic Literature 4. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge...

Medicine

Medicine   Reference library

Peter Pormann, Nancy E. Gallagher, Yasmin Safian, Robert Gleave, and Miri Shefer-Mossensohn

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
7,062 words

...of Essays . Aldershot, U.K.: Gower, 1990. Collected studies by a leading historian of Islamic society, culture, and science. Savage-Smith, Emilie . “Attitudes Toward Dissection in Medieval Islam.” Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 50 (1995): 68–111. Dispels the myth that no dissection took place owing to an Islamic taboo. Savage-Smith, Emilie . “Drug Therapy of Eye Diseases in Seventeenth-Century Islamic Medicine: The Influence of the ‘New Chemistry’ of the Paracelsians.” Pharmacy in History 29 (1987): 3–28. Shows that contact...

Visitations

Visitations   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
4,884 words

...think that their reports would have given an honest and by-and-large accurate account of what they heard and saw. But one cannot know this for certain. There is some hope that these and other doubts and questions about the verisimilitude of visitation records may eventually be dispelled. Recent scholarship has made great strides toward the systematic study of these rich sources, of which the overwhelming mass remains unprinted and widely scattered in state, church, and regional archives. French historians have developed an elaborate analytical scheme for...

Psalms, Hymns, and Prayers

Psalms, Hymns, and Prayers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...to supplant the covenant renewal ceremony prescribed in the Rule of the Community (1QSb and 1QSa, the Rule of the Congregation for “the end of days,” are appended to 1QS, the Rule of the Community). Magical Incantations. The Qumran corpus contains hymns to God which were used to dispel demons and thus functioned as incantations. These may be contrasted with magical formulae which address the demons exclusively and, therefore, are not prayers. Songs of the Sage (4Q510–511). These are doxological hymns pronounced by a sage ( maskil ) “to frighten and terrify”...

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