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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Gurzil Dispels the Darkness  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Libya)Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, and a dispeller of ...
Kindī, Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥāq al-

Kindī, Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥāq al-   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...to illustrious Arab tribes. Among his important works are Fī al-falsafa al-ūlā (On First Philosophy), concerning his views on metaphysics; Fī hudūd al-ashāaʿ wa-rusūmihā (On the Definitions and Descriptions of Things); and Fī al-ḥīla li-Daf   ʿ al-aḥzān (On the Device for Dispelling Sorrows). The ninth century saw a phenomenal rise in abstract thought among the Arabs, where previously there had been only recitations of poetry and battle descriptions: in the science of history and theology ( kalām) , as well as the beginnings of philosophy. According to the...

Kindī, Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥaq al-

Kindī, Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥaq al-   Reference library

Peter Adamson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
865 words

...that for al-Kindī the proper political arrangement consists in rule by a rational king, which is greeted by unquestioning obedience. For insight into the proper behavior of such a rational king, we can turn to al-Kindī's extant ethical writings. In a work entitled “On Dispelling Sorrows,” he first sets out the basic ethical principle that one should disdain the goods of the physical world and turn towards the “world of the intellect.” He then gives a series of anecdotes, sayings, and bits of advice intended to help us achieve this. Several of these...

Haydn, (Franz) Joseph

Haydn, (Franz) Joseph   Reference library

Pierpaolo Polzonetti

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
3,492 words

...Tobit, for having lost everything as a result of his all-too-charitable disposition. She then expresses her preoccupation for his son Tobia, who went on a journey to Media, where he married Sara, whose previous seven husbands have been killed by a demon. Her worries are dispelled as the angel Raphael appears in disguise as their son’s traveling companion. In his aria “Anna m’ascolta: Quel figlio,” Raphael reassures Anna that Tobia is about to come home. He will restore sight to his father thanks to a medicine he made out of a fish. The emphatic...

Shuʿūbīyah

Shuʿūbīyah   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,862 words

...is crucial in the way it looks at tafsīr (Qurʿānic exegesis) as a new source for the study of the Shuʿūbīyah movement, where locality, rather than lineage or language, emerges as a basic trait for self-identification of the proponents of the Shuʿūbīyah. Furthermore, Mottahedeh dispels any lingering notion of the Shuʿūbīyah's historical connection to modern Iranian nationalism. Norris, H. T. “Shuʿūbīyah in Arabic Literature.” In The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature . vol. 4: ʿAbbāsid Belles-Lettres, edited by Julia Ashtiany , pp. 32–47. Cambridge, U.K.,...

Shuʿūbīyah

Shuʿūbīyah   Reference library

Racha el Omari

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,871 words

...in the way it looks at tafsīr (Qurʾānic exegesis) as a new source for the study of the Shuʿūbīyah movement, where locality, rather than lineage or language, emerges as a basic trait for the self-identification of the proponents of the Shuʿūbīyah. Furthermore, Mottahedeh dispels any lingering notion of the Shuʿūbīyah's historical connection to modern Iranian nationalism. Norris, H. T. “Shuʿūbīyah in Arabic Literature.” In ʿAbbasid Belles-Lettres , edited by Julia Ashtiany , pp. 32–47. Cambridge History of Arabic Literature 4. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge...

Birth Rites

Birth Rites   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,513 words

...of incantations are utilized to free the child, including the names of the “Five” (Muḥammad, ʿAlī, Fāṭimah, Ḥasan, and Ḥusayn); such an incantation is held to be ʿāṭil wa bāṭil (offensive and defensive). In Lebanon, about one-third of Sunnīs utilize incense or fumigation to dispel evil from a newborn infant; in the latter practice, incense obtained from a shaykh is thrown into an open fire, and the child is passed through the fumes three (or seven) times while an incantation or prayer is recited. Other villagers in Lebanon believe there are special powers...

Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,621 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the agricultural sectors in the Tropical Asian countries, particularly in Bangladesh and Indonesia, where huge increases in population have created enormous economic and nutritional pressures. The specter of mass hunger caused by insufficient land resources has been dispelled by the so-called Green Revolution brought about by new, higher-yielding rice technologies. Rice yields indeed increased in Bangladesh by 47 percent per hectare between 1961–1965 and 1987–1991 , and in the same period by 133 percent in Indonesia. In both countries the area of...

Queer Readings

Queer Readings   Reference library

Stuart Macwilliam

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
5,346 words

...must not be pushed too far. Indeed, when one considers queer theory’s suspicion of binaries, it would be ironic to entangle it in a new one. A suspicion that inward-looking uses of queer are merely a continuation of lesbian and gay treatments of the biblical texts may well be dispelled when the far wider range of minorities covered by the term “queer” is borne in mind; in this understanding heterosexual does not necessarily mean heteronormative, and what Robert E. Goss calls “gay normativity” ( 2002 , p. 229) is at odds with queer. And for their part, queer...

Justice

Justice   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
6,207 words

...the present. Is most Muslim history, then, only the story of deviation from and betrayal of the ideal? Quṭb 's Social Justice in Islam contains the theoretical foundations of the Muslim Brotherhood's social thought. Quṭb 's analysis, although grounded in idealistic solutions, dispels the notion of social harmony in Egyptian society which is instead torn apart between feudalists and exploiters—including the professional men of religion—on the one hand, and foreign imperialists on the other. A radical critique of this state of affairs, therefore, requires the...

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