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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Gurzil Dispels the Darkness  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Libya)Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, and a dispeller of ...
Kindī, Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥāq al-

Kindī, Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥāq al-   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...to illustrious Arab tribes. Among his important works are Fī al-falsafa al-ūlā (On First Philosophy), concerning his views on metaphysics; Fī hudūd al-ashāaʿ wa-rusūmihā (On the Definitions and Descriptions of Things); and Fī al-ḥīla li-Daf   ʿ al-aḥzān (On the Device for Dispelling Sorrows). The ninth century saw a phenomenal rise in abstract thought among the Arabs, where previously there had been only recitations of poetry and battle descriptions: in the science of history and theology ( kalām) , as well as the beginnings of philosophy. According to the...

Gayā-Kāśyapa

Gayā-Kāśyapa (P.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...the Buddha performed numerous magical feats to demonstrate his mastery of iddhi (S. ṛddhi ), including subduing a fire serpent ( nāga ) without being burned, a scene depicted in Indian rock carvings. Using his ability to read Uruvilvā-Kāśyapa’s mind, the Buddha was able to dispel his view that he was an arahant and converted him and his disciples. As part of their conversion, they shaved off their long locks and threw them in the river. When Uruvilvā-Kāśyapa’s younger brothers Gayā-Kāśyapa and Nadī-Kāśyapa saw all the hair floating downstream, they came...

Shuʿūbīyah

Shuʿūbīyah   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,862 words

...is crucial in the way it looks at tafsīr (Qurʿānic exegesis) as a new source for the study of the Shuʿūbīyah movement, where locality, rather than lineage or language, emerges as a basic trait for self-identification of the proponents of the Shuʿūbīyah. Furthermore, Mottahedeh dispels any lingering notion of the Shuʿūbīyah's historical connection to modern Iranian nationalism. Norris, H. T. “Shuʿūbīyah in Arabic Literature.” In The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature . vol. 4: ʿAbbāsid Belles-Lettres, edited by Julia Ashtiany , pp. 32–47. Cambridge, U.K.,...

Birth Rites

Birth Rites   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,513 words

...of incantations are utilized to free the child, including the names of the “Five” (Muḥammad, ʿAlī, Fāṭimah, Ḥasan, and Ḥusayn); such an incantation is held to be ʿāṭil wa bāṭil (offensive and defensive). In Lebanon, about one-third of Sunnīs utilize incense or fumigation to dispel evil from a newborn infant; in the latter practice, incense obtained from a shaykh is thrown into an open fire, and the child is passed through the fumes three (or seven) times while an incantation or prayer is recited. Other villagers in Lebanon believe there are special powers...

Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,621 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the agricultural sectors in the Tropical Asian countries, particularly in Bangladesh and Indonesia, where huge increases in population have created enormous economic and nutritional pressures. The specter of mass hunger caused by insufficient land resources has been dispelled by the so-called Green Revolution brought about by new, higher-yielding rice technologies. Rice yields indeed increased in Bangladesh by 47 percent per hectare between 1961–1965 and 1987–1991 , and in the same period by 133 percent in Indonesia. In both countries the area of...

Queer Readings

Queer Readings   Reference library

Stuart Macwilliam

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
5,346 words

...must not be pushed too far. Indeed, when one considers queer theory’s suspicion of binaries, it would be ironic to entangle it in a new one. A suspicion that inward-looking uses of queer are merely a continuation of lesbian and gay treatments of the biblical texts may well be dispelled when the far wider range of minorities covered by the term “queer” is borne in mind; in this understanding heterosexual does not necessarily mean heteronormative, and what Robert E. Goss calls “gay normativity” ( 2002 , p. 229) is at odds with queer. And for their part, queer...

Justice

Justice   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
6,207 words

...the present. Is most Muslim history, then, only the story of deviation from and betrayal of the ideal? Quṭb 's Social Justice in Islam contains the theoretical foundations of the Muslim Brotherhood's social thought. Quṭb 's analysis, although grounded in idealistic solutions, dispels the notion of social harmony in Egyptian society which is instead torn apart between feudalists and exploiters—including the professional men of religion—on the one hand, and foreign imperialists on the other. A radical critique of this state of affairs, therefore, requires the...

Psalms, Hymns, and Prayers

Psalms, Hymns, and Prayers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...to supplant the covenant renewal ceremony prescribed in the Rule of the Community (1QSb and 1QSa, the Rule of the Congregation for “the end of days,” are appended to 1QS, the Rule of the Community). Magical Incantations. The Qumran corpus contains hymns to God which were used to dispel demons and thus functioned as incantations. These may be contrasted with magical formulae which address the demons exclusively and, therefore, are not prayers. Songs of the Sage (4Q510–511). These are doxological hymns pronounced by a sage ( maskil ) “to frighten and terrify”...

Visitations

Visitations   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
4,884 words

...think that their reports would have given an honest and by-and-large accurate account of what they heard and saw. But one cannot know this for certain. There is some hope that these and other doubts and questions about the verisimilitude of visitation records may eventually be dispelled. Recent scholarship has made great strides toward the systematic study of these rich sources, of which the overwhelming mass remains unprinted and widely scattered in state, church, and regional archives. French historians have developed an elaborate analytical scheme for...

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