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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

REMOND, Sarah

REMOND, Sarah (1826–1894)   Reference library

Katrina Anderson

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...with the blood of the slave, the more gold is poured out when the auctioneer has a woman for sale” ( Warrington Times , 29 January 1859 ). Mulatto slaves were purchased as sexual partners for their masters rather than field laborers. Through these examples, Remond sought to dispel the myth that slave women were sexually promiscuous and lacking the moral integrity of white females. Slave women lacked recourse to protect themselves from sexual abuse. Rather than explicitly describing sexual abuse, Remond alluded to the difficulties faced by female slaves and...

GRIMES, James Stanley

GRIMES, James Stanley (1807–1903)   Reference library

Owen Anderson and Eric v.d. Luft

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...for itself, and as he did not notice his own interpretive method. Interestingly, while Grimes decried special creation as an impediment to education, he suggested that perhaps to remain in happy ignorance about a false future state would be better than to have this illusion dispelled by science. However, even better yet would be to recognize that there is no conflict between science and faith, and that the more one learns about the workings of the world, the more one holds onto hope in a happy afterlife promised to those who are pious and obedient to God....

BARTLETT, Elisha

BARTLETT, Elisha (1804–1855)   Reference library

Eric v.d. Luft

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...who advocated and successfully employed empiricism rather than metaphysical speculation in medicine. Bartlett dedicated the book to one of the leaders of this new movement, Louis, the originator of rigorously quantitative methods in medical research, and famous as the dispeller of the dangerous and ineffective therapeutics of François Joseph Victor Broussais . Louis and Bartlett urged not only careful observation of clinical presentations, which had been the norm in medicine since Hippocrates, but also careful collection and numerical analysis of data...

Arnold, Matthew

Arnold, Matthew (1822)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,107 words

...Trilling began his career by writing an intellectual biography of Arnold, and Leavis, despite his nearidolatrous deference to Eliot, vigorously defended Arnold against Eliot's strictures. In one of his essays, the poet Wallace Stevens ( 1989 ) remarks that “to see the gods dispelled in mid-air and dissolve like clouds is one of the great human experiences.” A historian contemplating the fate of Arnoldian humanism in the past three or four decades might have an experience similar to that which Stevens describes. In the early 1970s, a metaphysical revolution...

Essentialism

Essentialism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
6,171 words

...of G. W. F. Hegel and such idealist followers as Benedetto Croce ( 1922 ) and Robin George Collingwood ( 1938 ). It was in this context that John A. Passmore ( 1954 ) attacked aestheticians for pretentiously saying nothing and for trying to retain mystery rather than dispel it. Aesthetics, he maintained, has presented us with empty and accommodating formulas based on an attempt to impose “a spurious unity” on a conflicted field. Most aesthetics books are dull because they fail to bring sharpness to their subject matters, and because they bring...

Tragedy

Tragedy   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
6,994 words

...passages of alternate-line dialogue known as “stichomythia,” and the narratives of news bringers (“messengers”), who typically use a form of the past tense that approximates it linguistically to the narratives of Homeric epic. Due attention to tragic language enables us to dispel the trivial observation that “nothing happens in Greek tragedy.” For example, the violence that many theatrical traditions exhibit on stage was, in Greece, enacted in words. Oedipus's self-blinding, Hippolytus's gruesome downfall, and Pentheus's rending by his mother lose nothing...

Creativity

Creativity   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
8,256 words

...out to be rather small. Creativity and its cognates mean the ability to produce something original (in the sense of new rather than authentic) in the arts, in the sciences, and in any other endeavor. Attempts to explain this ability result in paradox. The paradox cannot be dispelled at the individual level, only at the social level of tradition. An ascription of creativity to an object, and by extension to its creator, is a social matter, rather than disclosure of an inherent property of thing or person. The Greek myth of the Muses as found in Homer and...

Fashion

Fashion   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
13,281 words
Illustration(s):
1

...it is put on, the shape, line, and surface embellishment all change their character when they form a composition with the living person; and only then does the complete work of art come into existence. The separate integrity of the garment proves to be a beautiful illusion, dispelled when it is brought to its true life. The intrinsic beauty of clothing has been most compelling in civilizations that developed a mode of art based on refining and perfecting an original and carefully stabilized formal scheme, for both representation and ornament. Artists would...

Ertuğrul, İsmail Fenni

Ertuğrul, İsmail Fenni (1855–1946)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
637 words

...pieces, some of which are still performed today. Following the tradition of his contemporaries, Ertuğrul wrote a dictionary of philosophical terms, called Lügatçe-i Felsefe , to introduce new philosophical ideas into the Turkish speaking world. In his İzale-i Şükuk (The Dispelling of Doubts), he responded to Dozy's polemical history of Islam translated by Abdullah Cevdet . He wrote a refutation of philosophical materialism entitled Maddiyun Mezhebinin İzmihlali (The Destruction of the School of Materialism). In addition, Ertuğrul also wrote on the...

Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich

Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich (1743–1819)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
4,247 words

...scepticism by declaring, and explaining, his realism. This is where Jacobi elaborated on the claim, already adumbrated in the earlier book, that subjectivism is not possible, for there is no ‘I’ without a ‘thou’. Moreover, any doubts regarding the existence of an ‘I’ can be dispelled if one approaches the whole issue of subjectivity from the standpoint of agency. The subject is not just a passive observer, but an agent. Therefore, in action – through the feeling of power experienced in the exercise of his agency and because of the resistance encountered in...

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