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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Peer Gynt

Peer Gynt (1876)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Plays (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...off and abducts her from the wedding. He soon tires of her, his head full of thoughts of the lovely Solveig, whom he has just met. He is led into the Troll kingdom, where he feels at home amongst their coarse sensuality, until they threaten to slit his eyeballs. Church bells dispel the vision. After wrestling with the Boyg, an unseen monster, Peer begins to build a hut on the mountainside. Here Solveig seeks him out, and the two begin an idyllic existence together. Soon, however, one of the troll women comes with a deformed child, declaring it to be Peer's...

laughter

laughter   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
381 words

...( 1877 ) categorizes the ‘powers of laughter’ into various sub-groups: *satire , irony, and humour. Satire is the cruellest because it affords so little sympathy with the object of the laughter, whereas humour is the kindest and the pity it can evoke may even be strong enough to dispel laughter altogether. Henri Bergson 's discussion of laughter in ‘Le Rire’ ( 1900 ) has been particularly influential, proposing that laughter is a weapon used by society to intimidate others. He concludes by describing it as ‘a froth with a saline base’—initially pleasurable but...

commedia dell'arte

commedia dell'arte   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,382 words

...case learned a range of verbal accomplishments to entertain clients in their salons, including improvisation both of verse and of music. The rise of the actress may be inseparable from that of the *operatic prima donna. The virtuously married Isabella *Andreini worked hard to dispel the prejudice that she, at least, was a ‘public woman’; and the emergence of theatrical family dynasties, similar to those in other artisan trades or arti , did modify the image. However, assumptions about sexual freedom continued in perception and in practice, and in the Papal...

Richard Duke of York

Richard Duke of York   Reference library

Randall Martin, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,705 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...but emphasized the providential triumph of the Tudors, foreshadowed by Henry’s prophecy over Richmond in 4.7. But Tillyard and others depressed critical interest in Richard Duke of York by claiming that Shakespeare was uninspired when writing it. The modern stage has dispelled this view, while revisionist critics have observed how little Richard Duke of York supports Tillyard’s unifying vision of controlling providential order. More apparent is an early modern focus on the dangers of divided succession and dynastic factionalism, and the vision of an...

Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,098 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...for Mantua before the setting of the Watch. 3.4 Capulet agrees with his wife and Paris that Juliet shall marry Paris the following Thursday. 3.5 Early the following morning Romeo reluctantly parts from Juliet, descending from her window. Her mother brings Juliet the news that, to dispel the sorrow they attribute to Tybalt’s death, she is to marry Paris: Capulet arrives and, angry at Juliet’s refusal, threatens to disown her unless she agrees to the match. After her parents’ departure, the Nurse advises Juliet to marry Paris. Juliet feigns to agree, but resolves...

mime

mime   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
979 words

...their efforts to restore the supremacy of the actor on a bare stage. Mime techniques of Asian theatre were used to stunning effect in Julie Taymor 's big-budget staging of The Lion King ( 1998 ). Inevitably, a confusion has arisen as to what is now meant by mime. In order to dispel the Marceau image, some companies prefer to call their work visual theatre, or physical theatre. Others call it new mime or postmodern mime, hoping that the public will eventually recognize that the term ‘mime’ now means a lot more than a silent world of white-faced figures...

ancient Greek drama in the twentieth century

ancient Greek drama in the twentieth century   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,554 words

...a public response seems to justify optimism for the future of Greek drama in the theatre. Recent years have also seen the establishment at Oxford University of an archive for modern productions of ancient drama. Granville Barker 's gloomy prognostications have finally been dispelled. Richard Seaford See also architecture ; Greece . Richard Beacham and J. Michael Walton , Living Greek Theatre: A Handbook of Classical Performance and Modern Production (1987) Marianne Mcdonald , Ancient Sun, Modern Light: Greek Drama on the Modern Stage (1992) Oliver...

Phul, Gurdial Singh

Phul, Gurdial Singh (1911–84)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
198 words

...with Truth on Their Side’, 1969 ), Tatti vau na lagai (‘No Hot Wind Scorches’, 1970 ), Asin dun savai hoi (‘We Grow Manifold’, 1972 ), and Nanak nadri nadar nihal (‘Nanak, Bestower of Grace’, 1973 ). These commemorate the sublime vision that the Gurus preached to dispel darkness from people's minds and celebrate the heroism that Sikhs in the seventeenth century displayed while fighting Mughal forces. Since their awareness of Sikh faith and history reflects only what common lore recorded, they did not chalk out any new direction for *Punjabi...

laughter

laughter   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
497 words

...1877 ) categorizes the ‘powers of laughter’ into various sub-groups: satire , irony, and humour. Satire is the cruellest because it affords so little sympathy with the object of the laughter, whereas humour is the kindest and the pity it can evoke may even be strong enough to dispel laughter altogether. Meredith claims that the most successful comedy ‘shall awaken thoughtful laughter’. Philosopher Henri Bergson's discussion of laughter in ‘Le Rire’ (first published in the Revue de Paris in 1900 ) has been particularly influential. Bergson claims, ‘To...

Bhutan

Bhutan   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
832 words

...assuming the character of yogis with the power of taking and re-creating life. They prepare for the ritual through prayer and meditation days before the actual performance, a practice that may continue afterwards as well. Bhutanese Buddhists believe that watching the dance dispels mental obstacles to enlightenment. Another typical dance is the Dramitse Ngacham ( Dance of the Drums ) from Dramitse monastery in eastern Bhutan, choreographed in the sixteenth century. This bodchham (lay) dance depicts the peaceful and terrifying deities in zangdopelri ,...

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