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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Tiv Dance

Tiv Dance   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,317 words

...At village markets, held every five days, men and women perform in their separate teams for hours, encircled by dense crowds of enthusiastic spectators. Gifts of money are lavished on skilled performers, who hold a position of prestige because their dance has the power to dispel witchcraft and “mend the earth.” A dance song, “The Sun Is a Man, the Moon Is a Woman,” voices the contrast between men's and women's dance. Men express their strength in a variety of dance styles. In the ingough , they circle around four drummers in a dance divided into a...

Tibet

Tibet   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,980 words

...eliminating the obstacles which threatened to halt the construction of the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet. Dance was not considered contrary to religion but rather an integral part of its worship: Padmasambhava rose into the sky, where he performed a threatening dance that dispelled the opposition, and the shadow he cast on the ground marked the boundaries of Bsam-yas monastery. The oral tradition and the texts agree that the first known Buddhist dance in Tibet was performed during the time of Padmasambhava. However, other forms of masked dance and musical...

Tripudium

Tripudium   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,111 words

...must be considered in terms of the philosophical and theological beliefs that prevailed during the period in question. Creedally, the church holds that the human spirit is incarnate—not incarcerate—in the human body. Yet the church has only rarely and ineffectually attempted to dispel the strong current of Gnostic antimaterialistic dualism riding along on the underbelly of popular theology. [See Christianity and Dance .] In addition, the references to such a supposed tradition are both geographically and chronologically disparate, and the original compendium...

Sikkim

Sikkim   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
931 words

...with flowing scarves and an apron upon which is painted a protective, wrathful deity. The dancers wear huge, colorful masks, also wrathful in expression. In Buddhism, a non-theistic religion, a deity represents a state of mind; these protective deities often symbolize the dispelling of negative energies and the inviting in of positive, benevolent ones. [For related discussion, see India .] Chopra, P. N. Sikkim . New Delhi, 1979. Das, Amal Kumar . The Lepchas of Darjeeling District . Calcutta, 1962. Gowloog, Rip Roshina . Lingthem Revisited: Social...

Kohomba Kankariya

Kohomba Kankariya   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,028 words

...figures are also dramatized. Frenzied dances depict the chase of the boar by the King of the Flower. The closing ceremony, toward morning, is the shooting of the banana flower with the ceremonial bow and arrow. At the conclusion, the storehouse is pulled down and set on fire to dispel all evil influences. Of the various propitiatory dance rituals of Sinhala rural folk, the Kohomba Kankariya is the most elaborate and costly. For this reason, its performance is a rare event today. [For articles on other dance traditions in Sri Lanka, see Kandyan Dance ; Kandy...

Shostakovich, Dmitri

Shostakovich, Dmitri (25 September)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,434 words

...of Russian ballet music. Lopukhov, already much criticized for the modernism of his choreography, was dismissed from his position as director of the Maly (now Modest Mussorgsky ) Theater. Shostakovich was disgraced, and although the cloud over his reputation was somewhat dispelled two years later by the Fifth Symphony (subtitled “a Soviet artist's response to justified criticism”), he composed no more ballets; a later project for a ballet on the life of the nineteenth-century poet Mikhail Lermontov came to nothing. Shostakovich continued to be regarded...

Caricature and Comic Art

Caricature and Comic Art   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,686 words

... ( 1966 ), Gorey describes the life of a dancer who becomes a star in a ballet called La Chauvre-Souris Dorée . Because caricatures are seldom concerned with preserving the theatrical illusion, they are often frank and informative about theatrical devices and machines and soon dispel any illusions about flying sylphs and vanishing demons. The practical realities of the theater are revealed—Cocteau, about 1911 , shows how Vaslav Nijinsky was revived after his famous leap in Le Spectre de la Rose —one helper supports his chair while another flaps a towel in...

Cecchetti, Enrico

Cecchetti, Enrico (21 June 1850)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,161 words

...choked out his life?(Beaumont, 1929) And in Petrouchka ( 1911 ), Cecchetti was the half-magician, half-showman, who caused three puppets to dance to the strains of his flute. Do you recall how cruel he was to Petrouchka, and how, when Petrouchka was killed by the Moor, he dispelled the growing suspicion of the crowd that murder had been done, by reducing the prostrate figure to a thing of wood and sawdust?(Ibid.) Cecchetti also created memorable roles in other Fokine works, including Kastchei in The Firebird ( 1910 ) and the Astrologer in Le Coq d'Or ...

Costume In African Traditions

Costume In African Traditions   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,618 words

...the large iron anklets that clank rhythmically as they walk or dance. In some societies, such auditory accompaniments to dance are not only aesthetically pleasing but also have sacred functions. Among the Yoruba in Nigeria, the sounds of certain leg rattles and bells are said to dispel negative forces, thus protecting as well as complementing the performer (Drewal and Drewal, 1983). Costume, Dance, and Change The dynamics of cultural change in Africa continuously shape modes of dance and dress. In the nineteenth century, the Beni (dance societies, from the...

Giselle

Giselle   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
3,828 words

...taste for the sensuous and exotic. This argument is convincing in the light of the original ending of the ballet, in which Bathilde returned to reclaim Albrecht. Here the more dangerous aspects of Romanticism are kept firmly in check: the mad girl dies, midnight terrors are dispelled by daylight, and the everyday world exerts its benevolent control. When this ending was changed, a darker meaning could be read into the ballet, as a Moscow critic did in 1850 : “The bewitched Albrecht would return to the glade the following night in the hope of finding the...

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