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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Richard Duke of York

Richard Duke of York   Reference library

Randall Martin, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,705 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...but emphasized the providential triumph of the Tudors, foreshadowed by Henry’s prophecy over Richmond in 4.7. But Tillyard and others depressed critical interest in Richard Duke of York by claiming that Shakespeare was uninspired when writing it. The modern stage has dispelled this view, while revisionist critics have observed how little Richard Duke of York supports Tillyard’s unifying vision of controlling providential order. More apparent is an early modern focus on the dangers of divided succession and dynastic factionalism, and the vision of an...

Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,098 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...for Mantua before the setting of the Watch. 3.4 Capulet agrees with his wife and Paris that Juliet shall marry Paris the following Thursday. 3.5 Early the following morning Romeo reluctantly parts from Juliet, descending from her window. Her mother brings Juliet the news that, to dispel the sorrow they attribute to Tybalt’s death, she is to marry Paris: Capulet arrives and, angry at Juliet’s refusal, threatens to disown her unless she agrees to the match. After her parents’ departure, the Nurse advises Juliet to marry Paris. Juliet feigns to agree, but resolves...

Peer Gynt

Peer Gynt (1876)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Plays (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...off and abducts her from the wedding. He soon tires of her, his head full of thoughts of the lovely Solveig, whom he has just met. He is led into the Troll kingdom, where he feels at home amongst their coarse sensuality, until they threaten to slit his eyeballs. Church bells dispel the vision. After wrestling with the Boyg, an unseen monster, Peer begins to build a hut on the mountainside. Here Solveig seeks him out, and the two begin an idyllic existence together. Soon, however, one of the troll women comes with a deformed child, declaring it to be Peer's...

Russia and the former Soviet Union

Russia and the former Soviet Union   Reference library

Irena Makaryk

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...about Shakespeare. The most frequently cited British journal was the Spectator (translated from the German, itself translated from the French) and, later, the Edinburgh Review . However, neither these periodicals nor the visit of an English company of actors ( 1772 ) dispelled still-widespread ignorance of Shakespeare. Thus, one translator hazarded that Hamlet or ‘Othellon’ was the name of a Latin writer. The early 19th century, still taken with neoclassicism and sentimentality, did not find Shakespeare congenial. Translation in this period included...

Sikkim

Sikkim   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
931 words

...with flowing scarves and an apron upon which is painted a protective, wrathful deity. The dancers wear huge, colorful masks, also wrathful in expression. In Buddhism, a non-theistic religion, a deity represents a state of mind; these protective deities often symbolize the dispelling of negative energies and the inviting in of positive, benevolent ones. [For related discussion, see India .] Chopra, P. N. Sikkim . New Delhi, 1979. Das, Amal Kumar . The Lepchas of Darjeeling District . Calcutta, 1962. Gowloog, Rip Roshina . Lingthem Revisited: Social...

Shostakovich, Dmitri

Shostakovich, Dmitri (25 September)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,434 words

...of Russian ballet music. Lopukhov, already much criticized for the modernism of his choreography, was dismissed from his position as director of the Maly (now Modest Mussorgsky ) Theater. Shostakovich was disgraced, and although the cloud over his reputation was somewhat dispelled two years later by the Fifth Symphony (subtitled “a Soviet artist's response to justified criticism”), he composed no more ballets; a later project for a ballet on the life of the nineteenth-century poet Mikhail Lermontov came to nothing. Shostakovich continued to be regarded...

Tiv Dance

Tiv Dance   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,317 words

...At village markets, held every five days, men and women perform in their separate teams for hours, encircled by dense crowds of enthusiastic spectators. Gifts of money are lavished on skilled performers, who hold a position of prestige because their dance has the power to dispel witchcraft and “mend the earth.” A dance song, “The Sun Is a Man, the Moon Is a Woman,” voices the contrast between men's and women's dance. Men express their strength in a variety of dance styles. In the ingough , they circle around four drummers in a dance divided into a...

Kohomba Kankariya

Kohomba Kankariya   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,028 words

...figures are also dramatized. Frenzied dances depict the chase of the boar by the King of the Flower. The closing ceremony, toward morning, is the shooting of the banana flower with the ceremonial bow and arrow. At the conclusion, the storehouse is pulled down and set on fire to dispel all evil influences. Of the various propitiatory dance rituals of Sinhala rural folk, the Kohomba Kankariya is the most elaborate and costly. For this reason, its performance is a rare event today. [For articles on other dance traditions in Sri Lanka, see Kandyan Dance ; Kandy...

Gloriana

Gloriana   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,494 words

...on public ceremonial. The difficulties Britten experienced with Gloriana , and its early reception, may help to explain why Britten failed to compose the much‐mooted King Lear and tended to avoid ‘grand opera’. His great achievements in this more intimate medium cannot wholly dispel a sense of regret for what might have been. Arnold...

Tibet

Tibet   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,980 words

...eliminating the obstacles which threatened to halt the construction of the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet. Dance was not considered contrary to religion but rather an integral part of its worship: Padmasambhava rose into the sky, where he performed a threatening dance that dispelled the opposition, and the shadow he cast on the ground marked the boundaries of Bsam-yas monastery. The oral tradition and the texts agree that the first known Buddhist dance in Tibet was performed during the time of Padmasambhava. However, other forms of masked dance and musical...

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