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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Sikkim

Sikkim   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
931 words

...with flowing scarves and an apron upon which is painted a protective, wrathful deity. The dancers wear huge, colorful masks, also wrathful in expression. In Buddhism, a non-theistic religion, a deity represents a state of mind; these protective deities often symbolize the dispelling of negative energies and the inviting in of positive, benevolent ones. [For related discussion, see India .] Chopra, P. N. Sikkim . New Delhi, 1979. Das, Amal Kumar . The Lepchas of Darjeeling District . Calcutta, 1962. Gowloog, Rip Roshina . Lingthem Revisited: Social...

Shostakovich, Dmitri

Shostakovich, Dmitri (25 September)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,434 words

...of Russian ballet music. Lopukhov, already much criticized for the modernism of his choreography, was dismissed from his position as director of the Maly (now Modest Mussorgsky ) Theater. Shostakovich was disgraced, and although the cloud over his reputation was somewhat dispelled two years later by the Fifth Symphony (subtitled “a Soviet artist's response to justified criticism”), he composed no more ballets; a later project for a ballet on the life of the nineteenth-century poet Mikhail Lermontov came to nothing. Shostakovich continued to be regarded...

Tiv Dance

Tiv Dance   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,317 words

...At village markets, held every five days, men and women perform in their separate teams for hours, encircled by dense crowds of enthusiastic spectators. Gifts of money are lavished on skilled performers, who hold a position of prestige because their dance has the power to dispel witchcraft and “mend the earth.” A dance song, “The Sun Is a Man, the Moon Is a Woman,” voices the contrast between men's and women's dance. Men express their strength in a variety of dance styles. In the ingough , they circle around four drummers in a dance divided into a...

Kohomba Kankariya

Kohomba Kankariya   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,028 words

...figures are also dramatized. Frenzied dances depict the chase of the boar by the King of the Flower. The closing ceremony, toward morning, is the shooting of the banana flower with the ceremonial bow and arrow. At the conclusion, the storehouse is pulled down and set on fire to dispel all evil influences. Of the various propitiatory dance rituals of Sinhala rural folk, the Kohomba Kankariya is the most elaborate and costly. For this reason, its performance is a rare event today. [For articles on other dance traditions in Sri Lanka, see Kandyan Dance ; Kandy...

Gloriana

Gloriana   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,494 words

...on public ceremonial. The difficulties Britten experienced with Gloriana , and its early reception, may help to explain why Britten failed to compose the much‐mooted King Lear and tended to avoid ‘grand opera’. His great achievements in this more intimate medium cannot wholly dispel a sense of regret for what might have been. Arnold...

Tibet

Tibet   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,980 words

...eliminating the obstacles which threatened to halt the construction of the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet. Dance was not considered contrary to religion but rather an integral part of its worship: Padmasambhava rose into the sky, where he performed a threatening dance that dispelled the opposition, and the shadow he cast on the ground marked the boundaries of Bsam-yas monastery. The oral tradition and the texts agree that the first known Buddhist dance in Tibet was performed during the time of Padmasambhava. However, other forms of masked dance and musical...

Armide (ii)

Armide (ii)   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,899 words
Illustration(s):
1

...a golden sceptre given them by a magician to counter Armide's magic powers. 4.ii The desert changes into beautiful country‐side and the two knights are in turn tempted by demons who have been transformed by Armide to resemble their beloveds. They are not deceived for long; they dispel these visions with the golden sceptre and go on their way towards Armide's palace, singing a duet of heroic resolution (‘Fuyons les douceurs dangereuses’). A ct 5 Armide's enchanted palace Armide is now committed to loving Renaud but fears she will lose him (as Hatred...

Fair at Sorochintsï, The

Fair at Sorochintsï, The   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,690 words

...bell and church singing put the demons and witches to flight. Grits'ko awakens and ponders his dream. (The autograph vocal score of this number, adapted from the Mlada music, is dated 10 May 1880 .) 3.ii c Parasya comes out of Kum's house, missing Grits'ko. The warm sun dispels her melancholy: she sings a merry song and breaks into a hopak. Cherevik spies her and joins in (‘Parasya's Dumka’: MS dated 3 July 1879 ; an orchestral score exists, begun by Musorgsky and finished by Rimsky‐Korsakov). d Kum and Grits'ko enter with a group of peasant lads and...

Tripudium

Tripudium   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,111 words

...must be considered in terms of the philosophical and theological beliefs that prevailed during the period in question. Creedally, the church holds that the human spirit is incarnate—not incarcerate—in the human body. Yet the church has only rarely and ineffectually attempted to dispel the strong current of Gnostic antimaterialistic dualism riding along on the underbelly of popular theology. [See Christianity and Dance .] In addition, the references to such a supposed tradition are both geographically and chronologically disparate, and the original compendium...

Caricature and Comic Art

Caricature and Comic Art   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
2,686 words

... ( 1966 ), Gorey describes the life of a dancer who becomes a star in a ballet called La Chauvre-Souris Dorée . Because caricatures are seldom concerned with preserving the theatrical illusion, they are often frank and informative about theatrical devices and machines and soon dispel any illusions about flying sylphs and vanishing demons. The practical realities of the theater are revealed—Cocteau, about 1911 , shows how Vaslav Nijinsky was revived after his famous leap in Le Spectre de la Rose —one helper supports his chair while another flaps a towel in...

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