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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

L

L   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
1,028 words

...differences (1) Some disyllabic verbs ending in l and with second-syllable stress are usually written with l in BrE, ll in AmE: appal/appall, distil/distill, enrol/enroll, enthral/enthrall, instil/instill . Others have a single l in both varieties: control, compel, dispel, impel, repel, annul . Inflected and some derived forms have ll in both varieties: appalled, controlling, distillation, enrolling, installation (but enrolment, instalment chiefly in BrE). (2) Verbs ending in an unstressed vowel plus l ( to equal, travel, pencil ) normally...

Logic

Logic   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
4,699 words

...we are talking only about assignments of truth values. A rhetorical analysis of the subject matter also helps to explain, what seems paradoxical, that each of the following is considered valid: Not p . So, if p then q . q . So, if p then q . Any hint of paradox can be dispelled by making explicit the fact that each such “inference” is understood to apply to the classroom contingencies marked by p and q . Given that the contingency p does not obtain, or that q does obtain, it is impossible for p to obtain and q not to obtain. That is all...

Eloquence

Eloquence   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
7,246 words

...of his Moral Letters . His friend has reported being overwhelmed by the torrential fluency of a Greek moralist. Philosophy is concerned with truth and with healing sick minds, its adornment should be simple and unaffected, so as to sink into the mind: “to soothe men's fears, dispel their delusions, restrain their self-indulgence and condemn their greed, philosophy should set its words down carefully, not hurl them out: it can sometimes soar, but not so as to detract from the speaker's dignity” (40.5, 7–8). The style of the Senecan diatribe, nagging at its...

Pathos

Pathos   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
10,453 words

...or another would influence writers from Plato to Descartes and beyond. One of the few who tried to think about the place of pathos in rhetoric is the rhetor Thrasymachus of Chalcedon ( c.460 bce ), who had a reputation for giving tearful and moving speeches, for arousing and dispelling anger, and who wrote an entire treatise on Appeals to Pity . He also wrote a handbook on rhetoric with model openings and closings for students to memorize and emulate, and is one of the earliest to suggest that emotional appeals have most power in the beginnings and ends of...

Word Order

Word Order   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
618 words

...notions like “head,” but also in terms of the semantic notions of functor and argument, and in terms of the nature of sentence processing. See also Clause and Typology and Universals . Bibliography Dryer, Matthew S. 1988. Object-verb order and adjective-noun order: Dispelling a myth . Lingua 74.185–217. Givón, Talmy , ed. 1983. Topic continuity in discourse: A quantitative cross-language study . (Typological studies in language, 3.) Amsterdam: Benjamins. Greenberg, Joseph H. 1966. Some universals of language, with particular reference to the...

Cuneiform

Cuneiform   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
2,174 words
Illustration(s):
4

.../šinik/ or Akkadian /bīnu/, depending on the language of the reader. As a consequence, some texts can be, and in ancient times undoubtedly were, read indifferently in Sumerian or Akkadian. Figure 1. Sumero-Akkadian Lexical Entries Uncertainties about readings and meanings are dispelled partly by the context, and partly by the writing system itself, through the use of classificators and “phonetic indicators.” Thus, when used as a classificator, the sign giš assigns the word following it to the class of trees or wooden objects. About twenty of these signs are in...

Typology and Universals

Typology and Universals   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
3,372 words

...Stanford University Press. Diessel, Holger . 1999. Demonstratives: Form, function, and grammaticalization . Amsterdam: Benjamins. Dixon, R. M. W. 1994. Ergativity . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Dryer, Matthew . 1988. Object-verb order and adjective-noun order: Dispelling a myth. In Papers in universal grammar: Generative and typological approaches , edited by John A. Hawkins and Heather Holmback . Amsterdam: North Holland. ( Lingua 74: 2–3, special issue). Fox, Barbara , and Paul Hopper . 1994. Voice: Form and function . Amsterdam and...

Linguistics and Literature

Linguistics and Literature   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
28,004 words

...questionable assumptions that have prevented substantial advances on these issues for almost three hundred years. Since the advent of stylistics, however, this situation has begun to change. In the 20th century, successive groups of linguistically oriented prosodists have dispelled many of the most persistent myths about prosodic organization, and in the process have revived prosody as a fruitful area of study. In the central prosodic tradition, rhythm in language has usually been characterized as a continuous grouping of alternating phonetic saliences...

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