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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

♂ Běi Dǎo

♂ Běi Dǎo (1949)   Reference library

Dian LI

Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography (Volume 4)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Bei Dao recalls, is an accident that happened to him. He would not have become a poet if not for his experience with bricks and cement. Young and restless, yet stuck in a back-breaking job that taxed his body and soul, Bei Dao found writing down lines of words a convenient way to dispel the feelings of boredom and despair. The lines of words accumulated to become poems, soon to be shared with a few poetry-loving friends from his high school days. The circle of friends grew and formed a sort of “underground poetry club” that included aspiring young poets such as...

Pygmy

Pygmy   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...were widely held to be a myth. Illustrations and descriptions of pygmies depicted them as winged semihuman creatures who lived in treetops, hung from tails, and could make themselves invisible. European contact with pygmies in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries did little to dispel these myths. In the seventeenth century, English anatomist Edward Tyson published his treatise “The Anatomy of the Pygmie Compared with that of a Monkey, an Ape, and a Man,” in which he claimed to scientifically prove, through a comparison of skeletons, that pygmies were actually...

Summer Palace of Yiheyuan

Summer Palace of Yiheyuan   Reference library

TzeHuey CHIOU-PENG

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...up from the lakefront is the Longevity Hill (60 meters high), on which buildings cluster amidst a landscape designed with distinct features characteristic of Chinese classical gardens. Along a north-south axial line on the hill is the courtyard of a ceremonial hall (Cloud Dispelling Hall), followed by an imposing octagonal tower (Pavilion of Buddhist Incense) on a high platform, and a temple (Sea of Wisdom) wrapped in glazed ceramic tiles and miniature Buddhist images at the summit. Beyond these glittering architectural structures down the northern slope...

Anthropology in Africa

Anthropology in Africa   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...civil turmoil throughout much of the continent—remain a serious consideration and potential impediment to future expansion. As one of the first and one of the most active academic disciplines concerned with studying African affairs, anthropology has had much to do with dispelling the mythic notions of an Africa that did not exist except in the minds of outsiders. There remains much to learn about Africa's ever-changing present, both in its local and national forms and in its global connections. The old ethnographies are now read critically, but they...

Xǔ Shèn

Xǔ Shèn   Reference library

Françoise BOTTÉRO

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...). According to his biography, Xu first wrote Different Meanings of the Five Classics because he was worried by the fact that all sorts of explanations—good and bad—were circulating on the Classics. The book confronted different data from the Classics. Xu’s goal was to dispel contradictions and clarify the meaning of the ancient texts by choosing the best interpretation rather than following a particular school of thought. But he was then confronted with another problem: characters or written words were often given ad hoc or folkloric interpretations...

Zhāng Héng

Zhāng Héng (78–139 ce)   Reference library

Ian W. FRASER

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,072 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of fish.” Another of his well-known fu is “ Fu on Pondering the Mystery,” a poem in the style of Qu Yuan’s famed “Encountering Sorrow” (“Lísāo” 离骚 ‎), where Zhang breaks the mold of traditional sao -style authors and proclaims his faith in the universe’s moral order, dispelling his melancholy and doubt and allowing him to go on in his life’s work. Zhang’s final composition, “ Fu on Returning to the Fields” (“Gūitián fù” 归田赋 ‎), written in 138 ce , describes his happiness at finally retiring from government service and returning to his country...

Sui Wendi

Sui Wendi (541–604 ce)   Reference library

Charles D. BENN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...The emperor took the vows of a Buddhist layman in 585 and came to be known among the faithful as the bodhisattva Son of Heaven. In 586 , in a very rare surrender of imperial prerogatives and dignity to a clergyman, Wendi invited a prelate to lecture on the dharma in order to dispel a drought. The monk ascended the throne and faced south while Wendi and his court sat on the ground facing him. Wendi cast himself in the role of the universal Buddhist monarch, claiming that he owed his rise to dharma, predestined fate. He employed Buddhism among his subjects as...

Zhuāngzǐ

Zhuāngzǐ (369–c. 268 bce)   Reference library

Steve COUTINHO

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,288 words
Illustration(s):
1

...recluses who live outside the social realm to conform to the regulations by which ordinary people are bound. These narratives indicate, at the very least, the self-understanding of the reception of the text by its contemporaries. This seems to be confirmed to some extent in “Dispelling Obsessions,” an essay by the Confucian philosopher Xúnzǐ 荀子 ‎ (c. 312–c. 230 bce ), in which he criticizes Zhuangzi for his one-sided obsession with the cosmic perspective of tian (the heavens, or the natural world) at the expense of the human, which Xunzi understood as...

Browne, Sir Thomas

Browne, Sir Thomas (1605–82)   Reference library

A. S. Hargreaves

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
153 words

...medici , printed without apparent permission the preceding year. Its reflections on the mysteries of God, creation, and man were an immediate success throughout Europe, though papal authorities placed it in the ‘Index expurgatorius’. Pseudodoxia epidemica ( 1646 ) attempted to dispel some popular superstitions, while Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus ( 1658 ) reflected antiquarian interests. Despite all-embracing curiosity and encyclopedic knowledge, Browne remained credulous, as illustrated by his involvement in the conviction of two women as witches (...

Lloyd, Selwyn

Lloyd, Selwyn (1904–78)   Reference library

David Dutton

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
181 words

...in 1945 . Appointed to junior office in 1951 , he rose steadily and was a surprise choice as foreign secretary in December 1955 . Many, however, viewed his elevation as indicative of Anthony Eden ’s intention to take personal control of foreign policy—an impression not dispelled by Lloyd’s role in the Suez crisis of 1956 . He came near to achieving a negotiated settlement with Egypt in October. Though consistently loyal to Eden , Lloyd never seemed at ease about collusion with France and Israel. After Macmillan replaced Eden in January 1957 , Lloyd...

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