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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

♂ Běi Dǎo

♂ Běi Dǎo (1949)   Reference library

Dian LI

Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography (Volume 4)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Bei Dao recalls, is an accident that happened to him. He would not have become a poet if not for his experience with bricks and cement. Young and restless, yet stuck in a back-breaking job that taxed his body and soul, Bei Dao found writing down lines of words a convenient way to dispel the feelings of boredom and despair. The lines of words accumulated to become poems, soon to be shared with a few poetry-loving friends from his high school days. The circle of friends grew and formed a sort of “underground poetry club” that included aspiring young poets such as...

Summer Palace of Yiheyuan

Summer Palace of Yiheyuan   Reference library

TzeHuey CHIOU-PENG

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...up from the lakefront is the Longevity Hill (60 meters high), on which buildings cluster amidst a landscape designed with distinct features characteristic of Chinese classical gardens. Along a north-south axial line on the hill is the courtyard of a ceremonial hall (Cloud Dispelling Hall), followed by an imposing octagonal tower (Pavilion of Buddhist Incense) on a high platform, and a temple (Sea of Wisdom) wrapped in glazed ceramic tiles and miniature Buddhist images at the summit. Beyond these glittering architectural structures down the northern slope...

Xǔ Shèn

Xǔ Shèn   Reference library

Françoise BOTTÉRO

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...). According to his biography, Xu first wrote Different Meanings of the Five Classics because he was worried by the fact that all sorts of explanations—good and bad—were circulating on the Classics. The book confronted different data from the Classics. Xu’s goal was to dispel contradictions and clarify the meaning of the ancient texts by choosing the best interpretation rather than following a particular school of thought. But he was then confronted with another problem: characters or written words were often given ad hoc or folkloric interpretations...

Zhāng Héng

Zhāng Héng (78–139 ce)   Reference library

Ian W. FRASER

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,072 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of fish.” Another of his well-known fu is “ Fu on Pondering the Mystery,” a poem in the style of Qu Yuan’s famed “Encountering Sorrow” (“Lísāo” 离骚 ‎), where Zhang breaks the mold of traditional sao -style authors and proclaims his faith in the universe’s moral order, dispelling his melancholy and doubt and allowing him to go on in his life’s work. Zhang’s final composition, “ Fu on Returning to the Fields” (“Gūitián fù” 归田赋 ‎), written in 138 ce , describes his happiness at finally retiring from government service and returning to his country...

Sui Wendi

Sui Wendi (541–604 ce)   Reference library

Charles D. BENN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...The emperor took the vows of a Buddhist layman in 585 and came to be known among the faithful as the bodhisattva Son of Heaven. In 586 , in a very rare surrender of imperial prerogatives and dignity to a clergyman, Wendi invited a prelate to lecture on the dharma in order to dispel a drought. The monk ascended the throne and faced south while Wendi and his court sat on the ground facing him. Wendi cast himself in the role of the universal Buddhist monarch, claiming that he owed his rise to dharma, predestined fate. He employed Buddhism among his subjects as...

Zhuāngzǐ

Zhuāngzǐ (369–c. 268 bce)   Reference library

Steve COUTINHO

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,288 words
Illustration(s):
1

...recluses who live outside the social realm to conform to the regulations by which ordinary people are bound. These narratives indicate, at the very least, the self-understanding of the reception of the text by its contemporaries. This seems to be confirmed to some extent in “Dispelling Obsessions,” an essay by the Confucian philosopher Xúnzǐ 荀子 ‎ (c. 312–c. 230 bce ), in which he criticizes Zhuangzi for his one-sided obsession with the cosmic perspective of tian (the heavens, or the natural world) at the expense of the human, which Xunzi understood as...

Common Sense

Common Sense (1776)   Reference library

Willi Paul Adams

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...was published in February by the Philadelphia printers Melchior Steiner and Carl Cist . This wide distribution, together with newspaper excerpts, made Common Sense the single most influential pamphlet of the Revolutionary War. In rousing agitator's rhetoric, Paine dispelled as a myth the “balanced,” liberty-protecting character of the British constitution. Hereditary monarchy and aristocracy were absurd, Paine argued, and irreconcilable with the natural equality of human beings. The colonists could not seriously hope for a permanent reconciliation...

Lowe de Goodin, Melva

Lowe de Goodin, Melva (1945– )   Reference library

Sonja Stephenson Watson

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
886 words

...laws, coupled with overt national racism against West Indians, led writers such as Lowe de Goodin and her contemporary Carlos Guillermo Wilson to combat racism in their works by creating positive images of the immigrant turned citizen population. De/From Barbados a/to Panamá dispels national Panamanian myths about the population (i.e., their alleged incompatibility) and illustrates their contributions as West Indian workers and the constructors of the canal. As a political activist, Lowe de Goodin has also helped to shape Afro-Panamanian discourse, identity,...

Montaño, Freda

Montaño, Freda (1965– )   Reference library

Viviana Parody and Kate Adlena Cronin

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
924 words

...population of African descendants in Argentina who had long battled against the prevailing idea that blacks had “disappeared” or had even not existed in that nation. Montaño’s discovery of the slave past in the mansion and her promotion of African dance and art forms helped to dispel such notions. When her organization was unable to renew its lease for the property, many in the Afro community of Buenos Aires supported the school’s efforts to continue its work in that space. Although efforts to pursue further archaeological examination of the building failed,...

Carpata, Bastiaan

Carpata, Bastiaan (?–1795)   Reference library

Rose Mary Allen

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
947 words

...to immediate freedom for the slaves, the colonial government could no longer ignore their complaints and immediately enacted legal measures aimed at improving their living conditions. The struggle of the enslaved certainly was not in vain. It also had symbolic significance in dispelling the myths that slaves were passive and submissive creatures, and that slavery was a system accepted by all in society. Since 1960 , Bazjan Karpata and the other leaders have been commemorated at the Rif, where they were executed. Since 1982 , their stories have also been told...

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