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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Religion, Roman

Religion, Roman   Reference library

Karl Galinsky, Richard L. Gordon, and Eric Orlin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
12,938 words

...apse were decorated with reliefs illustrating scenes from the lives of the city’s patron gods, Hercules/Melquart and Dionysus/Shadrap/Liber Pater. This is one example of many of the fusion and diffusion of cults and divinities. Here, archaeology has been particularly helpful in dispelling the stereotyped notion of “Oriental” cults. The cosmologies of cults such as that of Magna Mater, Jupiter Dolichenus, and Mithras remain speculative. Archaeological finds, including cult imagery, open up varied possibilities but do not provide conclusive answers; for Isis,...

thogchag

thogchag  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]Tibetan talisman made of bronze or meteoric iron worn around the neck, in amulet pouches, or tied to religious items to dispel evil and attract good. Thogchags are believed to have been magically ...
thogchag

thogchag   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
59 words

...[Ar] Tibetan talisman made of bronze or meteoric iron worn around the neck, in amulet pouches, or tied to religious items to dispel evil and attract good. Thogchags are believed to have been magically formed and to have fallen from the sky. Some are used by shamans; the earliest known examples date back to the 3rd millennium bc...

Hunter-Gatherers, African

Hunter-Gatherers, African   Reference library

John Parkington

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
2,112 words

...themselves strategically as specialists in providing forest products (fiber, skins, honey, protein) for exchange with manufactured goods or domestic carbohydrate (cereal). This would explain the geographic and ritual interconnections between hunter and farmer, but again would dispel the myth of ethnographic hunter-gatherers as survivors of an ancient prefarming way of life. The view of modern or recent African hunter-gatherers as professional hunters emphasizing their difference from farmers as they increasingly marginalized themselves and played on their...

Turkey

Turkey   Reference library

Cigdem Atakuman

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
2,456 words

...violations mainly stemming from the semi-democratic 1982 constitution still in effect. Many new universities and archaeology departments were opened in the aftermath of the 1980 coup; however, academia suffered with the implementation of a catastrophic university reform that dispelled thousands of academics who were perceived to be in political opposition to the new ethno-religious state ideology. Turkish archaeology, perceived to be a Kemalist secular endeavor by the religiously oriented state authorities, has since been left in a limbo struggling to justify...

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