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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,098 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...for Mantua before the setting of the Watch. 3.4 Capulet agrees with his wife and Paris that Juliet shall marry Paris the following Thursday. 3.5 Early the following morning Romeo reluctantly parts from Juliet, descending from her window. Her mother brings Juliet the news that, to dispel the sorrow they attribute to Tybalt’s death, she is to marry Paris: Capulet arrives and, angry at Juliet’s refusal, threatens to disown her unless she agrees to the match. After her parents’ departure, the Nurse advises Juliet to marry Paris. Juliet feigns to agree, but resolves...

Grolier, Codex

Grolier, Codex   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
679 words
Illustration(s):
1

...are a mixture of Maya, Toltec, Mixtec, and Borgia Group features. The aberrant numeration and topical focus of the Grolier Codex , along with its eclectic style and organization, led some scholars originally to question the manuscript's authenticity. However, later study has dispelled the strongest of these objections. The Grolier Codex likely came from a mixed culture, where Mayan and Mexican languages were spoken and where Maya and Mexican ideological traditions were enmeshed with each other. The awkward use of pseudo “ring numbers” and the dots...

Mithra

Mithra (West Asia)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... West Asia Of all the celestial beings ruling over the earth he was the most popular with the Persians, who represented him as the son of Ahura Mazdah. He was the light that preceded the sun when it rose, the one who dispelled darkness; and from his penetrating gaze could nothing be hidden. Mithra was aware of every happening, no matter how insignificant each might appear. In pre-Zoroastrian times Mithra and Ahura were most likely twin sky gods, looked upon as payu-thworeshtara , ‘the two creator-preservers’ of the cosmic order. Later theological...

Hallucinogens

Hallucinogens   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
959 words
Illustration(s):
1

...on the “heathen superstitions” surviving among his Nahuatl-speaking parishioners in Guerrero, describes enemas of peyote, an aquatic Datura called atl inan ( atl , “water”; inan , “mother”), and ololiuhqui , accompanied by chants in Nahuatl commanding the sacred plants to dispel the fever and bring about visions identifying its cause. This hollow ceramic figurine found in a chamber tomb in the Pacific coastal state of Colima, settled, once and for all, the question of intoxicating snuff use in Mesoamerica, paralleling its ritual importance in Central and...

Indonesian and Malaysian mythology

Indonesian and Malaysian mythology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

...feeds her family by magic, placing one grain of rice in the pot each day, which produces more than ample food, but she does so only on condition that her husband not look in the pot. Of course, when she is away one day he does look into the pot, and the magic is immediately dispelled, making it necessary for the family to use rice supplies like everyone else. Disappointed in her husband, the bidadari finds her winged garment and flies off to the other world. In another folk myth, of the central Celebes in Indonesia, the people of Poso tell how the ...

Drew, Charles Richard

Drew, Charles Richard (b. 3 June 1904   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
727 words
Illustration(s):
1

...convention on 1 April 1950 , Drew suffered severe injuries in an automobile accident in North Carolina. He was taken to a local hospital and died in the emergency room. A long-held belief was that Drew's race affected the quality of care he received. His traveling companions dispelled this rumor and said Drew received the best of care. A pioneer in scientific research and a mentor for many young African American physicians, Drew made contributions to the field of medicine in blood banking and blood preservation that are still useful in modern times. Charles...

Salem Witchcraft Trials

Salem Witchcraft Trials   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
1,588 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Rosenthal, Bernard . Salem Story: Reading the Witch Trials of 1692 . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Rosenthal reordered the main cache of evidence, The Salem Witchcraft Papers (1938), chronologically, and by reading the records in a more precise way, he has dispelled some of the pervasive myths about Salem. Elizabeth...

Cicero

Cicero (106–43 b.c.e.)   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
2,397 words
Illustration(s):
1

...advocates were not seen as the servants of the court but as friends of their client, and they themselves might suffer personal attacks by their opponents. The introduction to a Roman forensic speech was designed to win interest and sympathy from judge or jury for the client and dispel prejudices. The case itself was explained in a narrative culminating in the establishment of the point at issue. Next came argumentation, both positive points in favor of the client and the refutation of points that had been or might be made by the opposition. The conclusion...

Cuneiform

Cuneiform   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
2,174 words
Illustration(s):
4

.../šinik/ or Akkadian /bīnu/, depending on the language of the reader. As a consequence, some texts can be, and in ancient times undoubtedly were, read indifferently in Sumerian or Akkadian. Figure 1. Sumero-Akkadian Lexical Entries Uncertainties about readings and meanings are dispelled partly by the context, and partly by the writing system itself, through the use of classificators and “phonetic indicators.” Thus, when used as a classificator, the sign giš assigns the word following it to the class of trees or wooden objects. About twenty of these signs are in...

cosmetic surgery

cosmetic surgery   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
2,396 words
Illustration(s):
1

...required reconstructive surgery. This gave surgeons the opportunity to practice their surgical techniques and gain experience in performing cosmetic operations. The previous negative associations of bodily deformity with syphilis or divine retribution for sins committed were dispelled by the image of the noble and deserving soldier disfigured in the defense of his or her country. For the first time cosmetic surgery became salonfähig, acceptable for the wider public. The second development was the emergence of a mass beauty culture. Cultural prohibitions...

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