The Middle East has been a bastion for the world’s economic, political, and religious tensions, especially since the end of World War II. From its economic hold on energy consumption to its complicated military conflicts and unfortunate role as a hotbed of terrorism, the volatile politics of the Middle East have had and will continue to have global implications. With this in mind, we've put a spotlight on the events and people that have defined Middle Eastern politics since the early parts of the twentieth century. With quotations, dictionaries, and companions to the latest blogs and infographics, see what you will discover with Oxford Reference...
- Featured publishing
- Sample articles
- Blog posts
- Partner presses
- Recommend to your librarian
- Balfour Declaration, the 1917 letter from British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour that signaled British support for a Jewish national home in Palestine
- Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the first president of the Turkish Republic from 1923 to 1938 and “Father of the Nation”
- Suez Crisis, the 1956 failed invasion of Egypt by Israel, France, and the United Kingdom over control of the Suez Canal
- Al-Qaeda, the transnational terrorist organization founded by Osama bin Laden and behind the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks
- Arab Spring, a series of uprisings that began in 2011 and toppled the leaders of Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Yemen, and led to the start of the Syrian Civil War
"Peace is much more precious than a piece of land."
— Anwar al-Sadat (1918–81), Egyptian President, 1970-1981
Read more quotes from Sadat >
"The mother of battles."
— Saddam Hussein (1937–2006), Iraqi President, 1979–2003; popular interpretation of his description of the approaching Gulf War
Read more quotes on the Gulf War >
"The Stone Age came to an end not for a lack of stones, and the Oil Age will end, but not for a lack of oil."
— Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani (1930–), Saudi politician
Read more quotes from Yamani >
"Since the end of the Second World War and the founding of Israel in 1948, the Middle East has been a bastion for the world’s economic, political, and religious tensions..."
Read more >
Stay up-to-date with Oxford University Press:
- To receive information about our latest publishing, join our mailing list
- Connect via our Social Media channels
- For the latest Oxford Reference news, subscribe to the RSS feed
- Get facts delivered straight to your desktop with the ‘Did you know?’ RSS feed