Philosophy on Oxford Reference
Philosophy encompasses the study of many fundamental aspects of our lives and the world that surrounds us, including the nature of reality, of knowledge, of morality, and of the relationship between the mind and the body. On Oxford Reference you can find over 17,000 concise definitions and in-depth, specialist encyclopedic entries on all aspects of philosophy.
All the philosophy content in Oxford Reference is created by recognised experts and is subject to a rigorous editorial process. Our trusted authors and editors are the reason Oxford Reference can answer with authority. Meet our philosophy experts >
- ‘David Hume’ from the Encyclopedia of Aesthetics
- ‘Experience’ and ‘time’ from The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy
- ‘Kantianism’ and ‘Russell's paradox’ from The Oxford Companion to Philosophy
- ‘Knowledge by acquaintance, and knowledge by description’ from The Oxford Companion to the Mind
- Quotations about philosophy from Oxford Essential Quotations
- A timeline of philosophy from 550BCE to 1945
The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Ethics
Published online: January 2015
This encyclopedia explores the intersection between biblical sources and ethical issues, both historical and modern, through extensive analytical and constructive treatments of a wide range of topics by leading biblical scholars and ethicists.
The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3rd edition)
Published online: March 2016
This bestselling dictionary provides more than 3,400 entries covering every aspect of philosophy from Aristotle to Zen. New entries on philosophy of economics, social theory, neuroscience, philosophy of the mind, and moral conceptions, bring this authoritative third edition up to date.
A Dictionary of Logic
Published online: June 2016
This dictionary expands on Oxford University Press’s coverage of the topic in works such as The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy, featuring entries primarily concentrating on technical terminology, the history of logic, the foundations of mathematics, and non-classical logic.
A sample of freely available quotations from Oxford Essential Quotations (3rd edition)
'The unexamined life is not worth living.' — Socrates, 469–399 BC, Greek philosopher
Read more quotes by Socrates >
'I do not wish them [women] to have power over men; but over themselves.' — Mary Wollstonecraft, 1759–97, English feminist
Read more quotes by Wollstonecraft >
'Philosophy is a battle against the bewitchment of our intelligence by means of language.' — Ludwig Wittgenstein, 1889–1951, Austrian-born philosopher
Read more quotes by Wittgenstein >
The enduring evolution of logic
by Thomas Ferguson and Graham Priest
Logic is a deep subject, at the core of much work in philosophy, mathematics, and computer science. The Early Modern philosopher, Immanuel Kant, held that Aristotle invented logic, and at his hands it was complete. He was notoriously wrong. Thomas Ferguson and Graham Priest explore the development of Western logic.
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