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Academic Research

Academic Research   Reference library

Arkadev Chatterjea and Satya Priya Moulik

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

The New Oxford Dictionary of English(1998) defines ‘research’ as ‘the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources

Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action   Reference library

Ashwini Deshpande

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

The affirmative action (AA) programme in India is primarily caste based (there is now some affirmative action for women in

Agribusiness

Agribusiness   Reference library

Ashok Gulati

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

Indians spend around 55 per cent of their household budget on food, which implies that the Indian economy, to a

Agricultural Labour

Agricultural Labour   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

Agricultural labourers constitute a large section of the rural population in India (26 per cent in 2001). A sizeable proportion

Agriculture Development

Agriculture Development   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

Agriculture plays a pivotal role in the Indian economy. Although its contribution to gross domestic product (GDP) is now around

Amiya Dasgupta

Amiya Dasgupta   Reference library

Dilip M. Nachane

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

In writing even the briefest of biographical sketches, such as this, it is hard to resist the biographer’s temptation, of

Antitrust Law

Antitrust Law   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

What is Antitrust Law?

Antitrust law (also known as competition law) is primarily concerned with the prohibition or regulation of

Ashok Rudra

Ashok Rudra   Reference library

Jean Drèze

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

Ashok Rudra (1930–92) was not only a fine economist but also a great scholar and a ‘public intellectual’ in the

Aviation

Aviation   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

Airlines

Until a decade ago, aviation in India was a government monopoly. The Directorate General of Civil Aviation controlled every

B.R. Ambedkar

B.R. Ambedkar   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

Dr B.R. Ambedkar, affectionately known as Babasaheb, was one of the most illustrious sons of India. He appeared on

Balance of Payments

Balance of Payments   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

This entry describes the position of balance of payments (BOP) in India starting from the second oil shock of 1979

Banking

Banking   Reference library

Saibal Ghosh, and Partha Ray

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

*Introduction

The banking structure that India inherited at the time of Independence suffered from three major drawbacks: (i) interlocking

Biodiversity

Biodiversity   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

Biodiversity is under threat worldwide.1 For example, the global mammalian extinction rate of 0.35 per cent of species per

Bonded Labour

Bonded Labour   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

The concept of ‘bonded labour’ can encompass the entire gamut of servitude of the worker to the employer, ranging from

Brain Drain

Brain Drain   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

The costs and benefits of brain drain from India have been heavily debated with Indians having emigrated to a variety

Budget Making

Budget Making   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

Budget making in India is a complex and interesting exercise. Since the process of budget making occurs under great secrecy,

Business and Growth Rate Cycles

Business and Growth Rate Cycles   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,249 words
Illustration(s):
2

This entry describes business and growth rate cycles with special reference to the Indian economy. It uses the classical NBER

Business Policy

Business Policy   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

Business policy is concerned with specifying and achieving an organization’s objectives. It, therefore, involves (i) setting out the long-term goals

Call Centres

Call Centres   Reference library

Nirvikar Singh

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

Call centres are facilities that handle a range of business communications, involving one-on-one voice interaction between customers and employees of

Caste

Caste   Reference library

Ashwini Deshpande

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

Estimated to be over 2500 years old, the caste system has undergone many transformations, from the ancient varna system to

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