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Abortion Politics and Policy

Abortion Politics and Policy   Reference library

Daniel K. Williams

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
2,858 words

Abortion policy in the United States has been contentious for decades and continues to polarize the American electorate. The controversy

Abrams v. United States

Abrams v. United States   Reference library

Norman L. Rosenberg

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
343 words

This 1919 Supreme Court case from the World War I era involved Russian-born anarchists convicted under the 1918 Sedition Act

Adams, John

Adams, John   Reference library

Stuart Leibiger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
823 words

(1759–1826) served as a continental congressman, diplomat, vice president (1789–1797), and president

Adams, John Quincy

Adams, John Quincy   Reference library

Leonard L. Richards

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
557 words

(1767–1848), sixth president of the United States. Born in Quincy, Massachusetts, the son of John Adams and Abigail

Adkins v. Children’s Hospital

Adkins v. Children’s Hospital   Reference library

James W. Ely Jr.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
338 words

During the early twentieth century, Progressives sought to ameliorate the consequences of industrialization by enacting minimum wage laws. Conservatives and

Administrative State

Administrative State   Reference library

Williamjames Hull Hoffer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
2,652 words

The term “administrative state” entered the political science literature in Dwight Waldo’s influential book of the same name in 1948

Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action   Reference library

Anders Walker, Matthew Dallek, and Paul S. Boyer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
1,355 words

This entry contains two subentries: Legal Aspects; and Politics of Affirmative Action.

African American Mayors since 1960

African American Mayors since 1960   Reference library

Roger Biles

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
1,155 words

In 1967 the mayoral victories of two African Americans, Carl Stokes in Cleveland, Ohio, and Richard Hatcher in

African Americans in Politics

African Americans in Politics   Reference library

Cary D. Wintz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
2,437 words

The election of Barack Obama as president of the United States in 2008 was the culmination of an African American

Agnew, Spiro

Agnew, Spiro   Reference library

Robert Mason

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
556 words

(1918–1996) was the thirty-ninth vice president of the United States, from 1969 to 1973.

Agricultural Adjustment Administration

Agricultural Adjustment Administration   Reference library

David E. Conrad

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
450 words

In 1933, American agriculture neared collapse as farm bankruptcies and foreclosures multiplied and agricultural prices fell below the cost

Agricultural Policy

Agricultural Policy   Reference library

David E. Hamilton

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
1,162 words

The American system of agriculture is a product of public policies that have sought to develop, protect, and regulate the

Albany Congress

Albany Congress   Reference library

Alison G. Olson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
297 words

Representatives of seven American colonies meeting in Albany, New York, in the summer of 1754 drew up a

Alcatraz, Occupation of

Alcatraz, Occupation of   Reference library

Troy Johnson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
741 words

The 1969 occupation of Alcatraz Island grew out of the civil unrest sweeping across the United States in the 1960

Alien and Sedition Acts

Alien and Sedition Acts   Reference library

Norman L. Rosenberg

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
593 words

The term “Alien and Sedition Acts” refers to four controversial laws enacted by the Federalist-controlled Congress in 1798 in response

America First Committee

America First Committee   Reference library

Justus D. Doenecke

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
350 words

When Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, thereby unleashing World War II, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt sought to aid

American Anti-Slavery Society

American Anti-Slavery Society   Reference library

Carol Faulkner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
377 words

The American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS) was founded in 1833 by a small group of radicals calling for the immediate abolition

American Civil Liberties Union

American Civil Liberties Union   Reference library

Samuel Walker and Boyer Paul S.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
365 words

A nonprofit membership association devoted to the defense of individual rights under the U.S. Constitution founded in 1920 as a

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