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abacus

abacus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
230 words

Ancient calculating instrument in which numbers and operations (especially adding) are represented by the numbers and positions of pebbles or

abaissement du niveau mental

abaissement du niveau mental n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

In *analytical psychology, a reduced state of concentration and attention, accompanied by a loosening of inhibitions and relaxation

abasia

abasia n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

Inability to walk. Compare dysbasia. [From Greek a- without + basis a step, from bainein to step or go

abbreviated reaction time

abbreviated reaction time n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

Another name for *central reaction time.

ABC

ABC abbrev.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

1. A model used in *rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) for analysing a client's problems systematically into:

abderite

abderite n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

A simpleton. [Named after Abdera, a town in the ancient country of Thrace whose inhabitants were reputed to be stupid]

abducens nerve

abducens nerve n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

Either of the sixth pair of *cranial nerves controlling the lateral *rectus muscles of the eyes, turning the

aberration

aberration n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

1. A deviation from what is normal, usual, or right. See also chromosomal aberration.

2. A temporary lapse of

ability

ability n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

Developed skill, competence, or power to do something, especially (in psychology) existing capacity to perform some function, whether physical, mental,

ability test

ability test n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

A test that measures a person's current level of performance or that estimates future performance. The term sometimes denotes an

abiogenesis

abiogenesis n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

The generation of living from non-living matter. Compare biogenesis. [Coined in 1870 by the English biologist Thomas Henry Huxley

abiosis

abiosis n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

Absence of life. abiotic adj. Lifeless or inanimate. [From Greek a- without + bios life + -osis indicating a process

ablation

ablation n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

Surgical removal of a structure or part of the brain or other organ of the body. ablate vb. [From Latin

ablation experiment

ablation experiment n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

A basic research method of physiological psychology based on *ablation, especially during the first three-quarters of the 20th

ableism

ableism n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

Discrimination against people who are not able-bodied, or an assumption that it is necessary to cater only for able-bodied people.

Abney effect

Abney effect n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

1. The slight change in the *hue of *monochromatic light when its *lightness changes as a result

Abney's law

Abney's law n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

The principle according to which the total luminance of light composed of several wavelengths is equal to the sum of

abnormal

abnormal   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
60 words

‘Abnormal’ has richer meanings than ‘unusual’. Its meanings depend very much on context. In clinical medicine, and psychology, abnormal states

abnormal

abnormal adj.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

Departing from what is usual or what is the rule or *norm (1, 2). [From

abnormality

abnormality n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

Anything that is *abnormal. A psychological abnormality is a manifestation of *cognition, *emotion, or

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