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Acid Rain

Acid Rain   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

The relationships between chemical emissions into the atmosphere and the effects of these chemicals on various ecosystems, human health, and

Adaptation

Adaptation   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
12,613 words
Illustration(s):
3

[This article contains six subentries:

Adiabatic Processes

Adiabatic Processes   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

The concept of adiabatic processes is part of the central foundation of the science of thermodynamics. Adiabatic processes are those

Aeronomy

Aeronomy   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,555 words
Illustration(s):
1

The science of aeronomy investigates both the chemical and the physical properties of the atmosphere and the changes that occur

Aerosols

Aerosols   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

Aerosols are fine solid or liquid particles suspended in the atmosphere, where they reside typically for days to weeks before

Affective Imagery, Risk Perceptions, and Climate Change Communication

Affective Imagery, Risk Perceptions, and Climate Change Communication   Reference library

Anthony Leiserowitz and Nicholas Smith

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
10,435 words
Illustration(s):
3

Introduction

Natural scientists have described global warming as perhaps the preeminent environmental risk confronting the world in the 21st century

Africa

Africa   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
3,084 words
Illustration(s):
2

One of the world's largest continents, Africa comprises more than 30 million square kilometers and several countries, and spans more

Agassiz, Louis

Agassiz, Louis (1807—1873)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

Swiss-American natural scientist. Born in Motier-en-Vuly, Switzerland, Agassiz grew up in a well-to-do Swiss family. He received a doctorate of

Agenda Building, Narratives, and Attention Cycles in Climate Change News Coverage

Agenda Building, Narratives, and Attention Cycles in Climate Change News Coverage   Reference library

James Shanahan

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
5,944 words
Illustration(s):
2

Introduction

Social scientists and media critics have often been befuddled about how and why news coverage of important issues takes

Agricultural Extension and Climate Change Communication

Agricultural Extension and Climate Change Communication   Reference library

Linda S. Prokopy, Wendy-Lin Bartels, Gary Burniske, and Rebecca Power

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Introduction

Since the 19th century, agricultural extension has helped farmers improve their profitability, minimize their environmental footprint, and feed

Agriculture and Climate

Agriculture and Climate   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
4,343 words
Illustration(s):
3

The basic industry that produces natural fiber and food for human consumption began between 8,000 and 10,000 years ago in

Albedo

Albedo   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

The term albedo denotes the reflectivity for sunlight of a rough (diffusely reflecting) surface or of an entire planet. It

Animals and Climate

Animals and Climate   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
4,813 words
Illustration(s):
2

The responses of vertebrate animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals) to climate change can be multidimensional, because their geographic

Antarctic Ice Sheet

Antarctic Ice Sheet   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
1,411 words
Illustration(s):
3

The Antarctic ice sheet is the world's largest ice mass, with an area of 13.83 million square kilometers; it constitutes

Antarctica

Antarctica   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
4,607 words
Illustration(s):
3

The southern polar continent, Antarctica, is covered by our only modern example of a continental ice sheet. It is about

Anticyclones

Anticyclones   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
1,433 words
Illustration(s):
2

The horizontal air circulations called anticyclones rotate clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. At the

Arctic

Arctic   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,983 words
Illustration(s):
1

The climatic regime of the Arctic is a result of the influence of the Earth's orbital geometry on day length

Arctic Mammals

Arctic Mammals   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

The foraging ecology and reproductive success of many Arctic mammals are intimately linked to abiotic conditions such as snow depth,

Arid Climates

Arid Climates   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
1,742 words
Illustration(s):
2

These climates are dry, with small annual accumulated precipitation—usually less than 20 centimeters per year—especially when combined with high potential

Aristotle

Aristotle (384—322 bce)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

Greek philosopher, scientist, and teacher. Aristotle compiled his observations of the heavens around 340 bce and set them down in

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