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ABI Profiler and COfiler kits

ABI Profiler and COfiler kits   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
48 words

Commercial reagent kits made by Applied Biosystems (now under Life Technologies Corporation) that are used for *DNA typing.

ABO blood group system

ABO blood group system   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
127 words

A blood group system discovered by Karl Landsteiner in 1900. The ABO system consists of antigens found on the

abrasion

abrasion   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
28 words

A scraping-type injury to the skin that typically occurs as a result of friction or rubbing. The injury is limited

absorbance

absorbance   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
135 words

A measure of the amount of electromagnetic energy that is absorbed by a given sample. The amount of energy absorbed

absorption-elution and absorption-inhibition

absorption-elution and absorption-inhibition   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
118 words

Two tests that were used to type blood and *body fluids for *ABO and other *blood group

accelerant

accelerant   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
65 words

The flammable material that is used to accelerate the propagation of an intentionally set fire. Accelerants can be solids, liquids,

AccessData

AccessData   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
37 words

A company headquartered in Utah that provides a number of widely used software tools applied in computer and digital forensic

accidental characteristics

accidental characteristics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
72 words

Physical markings and features in a material that are acquired by wear or by some accidental or other non-repeatable circumstance

accident reconstruction

accident reconstruction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
68 words

A type of forensic engineering investigation involving the study of automobile accidents and related accidents involving motorcycles, trucks, pedestrians, bicycles,

accounting, forensic

accounting, forensic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
29 words

The application of accounting techniques to criminal and civil matters. Forensic accountants study financial records and other financial evidence, prepare

accreditation

accreditation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
71 words

The process of assuring that a forensic laboratory follows procedures and protocols as set forth by a professional organization such

accuracy

accuracy   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
151 words

One of many *figures of merit used in *metrology (generally) and in quantitative forensic analysis. The accuracy of

ACE-V

ACE-V   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
29 words

In the evaluation of fingerprint or other types of pattern evidence, an abbreviation for a four-step process: analysis, comparison, evaluation,

acid

acid   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
99 words

1. Arrhenius definition: A compound that dissociates in water to produce H+ which forms H3O+ and

acid/base extraction

acid/base extraction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
32 words

A chemical separation procedure that exploits changes in pH and relative solubilities to effect the separation. These extractions are typically

acid salt

acid salt   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
142 words
Illustration(s):
1

1. A salt (combination of an *anion and *cation) that forms from a partially deprotonated, multi-protic acid.

acrylic

acrylic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
54 words

Chemical compounds (*polymers) incorporated into paints, fibres, and other coating and resin materials. The monomers are compounds

action

action   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
116 words

The mechanical process by which a *cartridge is loaded and secured into a firearm before firing and how it

adenine

adenine   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
34 words

One of four *nucleotide bases that comprise DNA and RNA. Due to its molecular structure, adenine will associate with

adiabatic flame temperature

adiabatic flame temperature   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
59 words

The calculated theoretical maximum temperature at which combustion of a fuel occurs. The condition of the fuel and presence of

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