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A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
15 words

Prefix denoting absence of, lacking, without; e.g. atoxic (not poisonous), abacterial (without bacteria).

abapical

abapical adj.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
10 words

Opposite to or directly away from the *apex.

abarticulation

abarticulation n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
17 words

The displacement or *dislocation of a bone from its normal position (e.g. the *temporomandibular joint).

Abbé–Estlander operation

Abbé–Estlander operation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
79 words

[R. Abbé (1851–1928), American surgeon; J. A. Estlander (1831–81), Finnish surgeon] A full thickness flap

ABCDE approach

ABCDE approach   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
412 words

The method of assessment of critically ill patients and those suffering from cardiorespiratory arrest. A = Airway, B = Breathing,

abdomen

abdomen n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
36 words

That part of the body cavity below the chest and separated from it by the diaphragm. It contains a number

abduction

abduction n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
18 words

Movement away from the midline; e.g. the lateral rectus muscle is an abductor of the eye.

aberrant

aberrant adj.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
21 words

Deviating from the normal. Usually applied to a blood vessel or nerve that fails to follow its normal course.

abfraction

abfraction n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
88 words

The loss of tooth structure in the *cervical region of the *crown of a tooth. Some research studies

ablation

ablation n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
27 words

The removal or excision of a piece of tissue, usually by surgery. Surface ablation of the skin may be carried

abrasion

abrasion n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
127 words

1. The non-bacterial loss of tooth tissue due to frictional wear by extrinsic agents. Common causes are *toothbrushing,

abrasive

abrasive n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
80 words

A material used to smooth or roughen a softer material by mechanical wear. It may be delivered in a high

abscess

abscess n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
223 words

A localized accumulation of *pus in a cavity caused by tissue breakdown as a result of infection or foreign

absorbable gelatin(e) sponge

absorbable gelatin(e) sponge n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
23 words

A material applied topically to aid *haemostasis, usually following a dental extraction. It provides a structure for clot

absorbent

absorbent adj.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
18 words

Describing a material capable of taking up other substances by suction e.g. an absorbent paper point.

absorption

absorption n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
26 words

The passage of one substance to another by penetration or solution. For example, the passage of liquids into the mucosa,

absorption layer

absorption layer n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
20 words

An amorphous zone on the dentine surface into which adhesive agents can flow. See also hybrid layer.

abuse

abuse v.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
19 words

Inappropriate use or treatment of materials, techniques, persons, programmes, or language. See also child abuse.

abut

abut v.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
12 words

To touch or border upon. To have a common boundary.

abutment

abutment n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
98 words

A tooth, tooth root, or implant used to support a fixed or removable *prosthesis (bridge or partial denture). It

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