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acculturation

acculturation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
137 words
A social-psychological process of acquiring, modifying, and adapting from a parent culture to a host culture. This process occurs over time and includes adjusting to the customs, values, ... More
age–crime distribution

age–crime distribution   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
98 words
Refers to the age of individuals who commit crime within a population. It indicates that crime peaks between the ages of 16 and 20 years old, then declines rapidly. This distribution has ... More
age–drug distribution

age–drug distribution   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
115 words
Refers to the ages of individuals who use illicit substances within a population. It indicates that such use peaks between 18 and 20 years old and then declines gradually. This ... More
agency

agency   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
118 words
A concept that refers to the ability of individuals to determine and choose their own actions, free will, and beliefs; the capacity and awareness that humans must act and govern their own ... More
alcohol

alcohol   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
161 words
The most commonly used drug within gang culture. Compared to other drugs, alcohol has the longest history of use, is used with greater frequency, and is consumed in greater amounts per ... More
Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation

Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
161 words

Among the oldest and largest *Latino/Hispanic gangs in the United States. Like the *Crips or the *Bloods...

anomie

anomie   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
129 words
A condition that occurs when individuals fail to receive signals about socially approved values and goals and, as a result, feel a lack of utility and sense of purpose. This, in turn, ... More
apartheid

apartheid   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
107 words
A former political system supported by the National Party in South Africa of institutionalized *racism and segregation that existed from the late 1940s until the early 1990s. Apartheid ... More
archival data

archival data   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
147 words
Any data collected prior to the beginning of the research project that may contribute to academic study. Archival data on gangs can be from crime reports, police reports, court reports, ... More
Aryan Brotherhood

Aryan Brotherhood   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
178 words
The largest white prison gang in state and federal penitentiaries. They were first formed by inmates who were motorcycle riders and racist Nazis with Irish heritage who were housed in San ... More
Asian

Asian   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
120 words
Gangs that consist wholly or predominately of people whose family history stems from one of dozens of Asian or Asian Pacific Island countries. The lowest percentage of gang members are ... More
at-risk youth

at-risk youth   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
131 words

Youth, such as gang members, whose socioeconomic backgrounds place them at an increased risk of participating in *risk behaviours...

Aussiedlers

Aussiedlers (German)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
119 words

Refers to Russians of German descent, many of whom immigrated to Germany after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Research has found that young ...

autonomous gang

autonomous gang   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
113 words

An exclusively female gang that is independent of any male gang. One of a three-tiered typology of female gang types originally developed by ...

auxiliary gang

auxiliary gang   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
63 words

A female gang that is a smaller counterpart to a male gang, often sharing a similar name. This is the most commonly reported type of female gang. ...

bandes

bandes (French)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
80 words
Refers to gangs found within housing projects in Paris, France. Bandes mainly contain immigrant youth whose family heritage stems from the former French colonies in Africa. Ethnicity has ... More
bang pai

bang pai (Chinese)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
119 words

Roughly translates to gangs; in the past, this referred to organized crime. It may also refer to groups who socialize and enjoy similar things. Because ...

benzodiazepine

benzodiazepine   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
111 words
A prescription drug that alleviates anxiety and helps induce calm or sleep. Examples include: alprazolam, which is sold under the brand name Xanax (also referred to as ‘xanis’ or ‘bars’ or ... More
Birmingham School

Birmingham School   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
147 words
A train of thought from a collective of scholars from the Center for Contemporary Cultural Studies at the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom who focused on spectacular youth ... More
black gangs

black gangs   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
120 words
Gangs that consist wholly or predominately of African Americans. Approximately one-third of all gang members in the United States are black. Black gangs are one of five categories of gangs ... More

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