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Abbasid Dynasty

Abbasid Dynasty   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
1,385 words

As early as the 680s, the Umayyad Dynasty had to confront various Shiʿi opposition movements calling for the caliphate to

Aboriginal Law

Aboriginal Law   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
1,100 words
Illustration(s):
1

Prior to British colonization of Australia in 1788, the continent had been inhabited by natives known as Aboriginal Australians

Abortion in Hindu Law

Abortion in Hindu Law   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
1,047 words

Neither abortion nor birth control is acceptable to many Hindus whose tradition, as reflected in ancient texts, is pro-natal and

Abrogation of Legal Norms (Naskh)

Abrogation of Legal Norms (Naskh)   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
1,111 words

Abrogation, in Arabic naskh or al-nāsikh wa al-mansūkh, “the abrogating and the abrogated,” is a term for theories dealing with

Absolutism

Absolutism   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
2,137 words
Illustration(s):
1

In western European history, during the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries, absolutism was the prevailing form of monarchy. The princely

Abu Hanifa, al-Nuʿman ibn Thabit

Abu Hanifa, al-Nuʿman ibn Thabit   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
565 words

(c.a.h. 80/699 c.e.a.h. 150/767 c.e.).

Abu Hanifa was a theologian and the eponym of the Hanafi

Abu Yaʿla, Muhammad ibn al-Husayn ibn al-Farraʾ al-Baghdadi

Abu Yaʿla, Muhammad ibn al-Husayn ibn al-Farraʾ al-Baghdadi   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
313 words

(d. a.h. 458/1066 c.e.). Muhammad ibn al-Husayn ibn al-Farraʾ al-Baghdadi Abu Yaʿla was a famous eleventh-century Hanbali scholar with a

Abu Yusuf, Yaʿqub Ibn Ibrahim

Abu Yusuf, Yaʿqub Ibn Ibrahim   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
539 words

(a.h.113/731 c.e.– a.h. 182/798 c.e.)Yaʿqub ibn Ibrahim Abu Yusuf al-Ansari was a renowned Muslim jurist who lived in Kufa and

Academics

Academics   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
5,886 words
Illustration(s):
1

The formal teaching of law in the United States has passed from individual attorneys acting as masters to their apprentices,

Accessory and Principal in Chinese Law

Accessory and Principal in Chinese Law   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
1,020 words

The penal liability for offenses committed by two or more persons was graduated in classical Chinese law by the degree

Accursius, Franciscus

Accursius, Franciscus (c.1185–1263)   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
596 words

(c.1185–1263).

Italian professor and glossator of civil law (doctor legum), born in Bagnolo near Florence and

Acknowledgment (Avowal; Iqrār)

Acknowledgment (Avowal; Iqrār)   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
740 words

Iqrār is an acknowledgment or recognition of rights in judicial or extrajudicial matters. It is one kind of legal evidence,

Adat

Adat   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
886 words

Adat is a term for the symbolic universe by which the peoples in the Indonesian archipelago constructed their world. The

Administration, Public Law of

Administration, Public Law of   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
3,054 words

In civil-law systems the development of administrative law has come about as the result of a series of institutional changes

Administrative Agencies

Administrative Agencies   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
6,524 words
Illustration(s):
1

In even the most rudimentary governmental structure, executive power—the power to implement a law enacted by the legislature—cannot be exercised

Admiralty

Admiralty   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
4,324 words

[This entry contains two subentries, on admiralty in medieval and post-medieval Roman law and in United States law.]

Adoption

Adoption   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
9,581 words

[This entry contains five subentries, on adoption in ancient Greek law, in Chinese law, in English common law, in

Adultery

Adultery   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
49 words

For adultery in ancient Greek law, see the following entry. For adultery in Chinese law, see Sexual Intercourse, Illicit in

Adultery in Ancient Greek Law

Adultery in Ancient Greek Law   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
3,182 words

For the Greeks, sexual relations between a married woman and a man other than her husband were intolerable for two

Advocate

Advocate   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
4,239 words
Illustration(s):
1

[This entry contains two subentries, on advocates in ancient Athens and in medieval and post- medieval Roman law. See

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