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A

A   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

The 1st letter of the Roman alphabet as used for English. It descends from the Phoenician symbol for a glottal stop...

Abbreviation

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The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
1,245 words

A word formation process involving the shortening of words and phrases in a variety of ways, such as in RADAR...

Ablaut

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The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A term used in linguistics for vowel gradation, typically where the vowel alternation (e.g. mouse/mice) marks grammatical information (e.g. a type of ...

Aboriginal English

Aboriginal English   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
A dialect of English spoken by Aboriginal people(s) in Australia, which sounds similar to australian english but differs in some semantic and pragmatic ways. It is sometimes referred to by ... More
Abridgement

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The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

1. The act, process, or result of shortening or condensing a text, usually to a given length such as half or one-third, or to a required number of words....

Absolute

Absolute   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A term, borrowed from Latin, meaning free from dependency, autonomous. Traditionally, it is used to refer to a type of phrase or clause, i.e. ...

Absolute Construction

Absolute Construction   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A clause-like construction that typically takes the form of a non-finite subordinate clause, e.g. ‘The dinner having been prepared...

Abstract

Abstract   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

1. A summary of a statement, thesis, paper, or other document, usually providing its gist (essential elements and argument). See...

Abusage

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The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

An archaic term for abuse, misuse, a nominalized form from the verb abuse. It was revived in 1942 by Eric Partridge...

Abuse

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The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
1. Wrong or improper use of anyone or anything. The term is often (usually emotively) applied to language: Some native speakers claim that the ... ... More
Academic English

Academic English   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
The register of English used in academic contexts, for example by students, scholars, and scientists: an elevated and often complex style associated with concern for accuracy, objectivity, ... More
Accent

Accent   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

1. A way of speaking that indicates a person’s place of origin and/or social class: a working-class accent, a London accent, a working-class London accent...

Acceptability

Acceptability   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A term in linguistics relating to whether a phrase or sentence is grammatically or semantically acceptable. Compare correct; grammaticality.

Accidence

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The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
The part of traditional grammar dealing with inflection (changes in the forms of words to express such grammatical meanings as case, number, and tense). In English, the differences between ... More
Acrolect

Acrolect   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

1. The variety of language in a post-creole continuum closest to the standard or superstrate language: for example, in Jamaica a local variety of standard English....

Acronym

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The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

An abbreviation formed from the first letters of a series of words and pronounced as one word: NATO from North Atlantic Treaty Organization...

Active (Voice)

Active (Voice)   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

Active voice constructions refer to a type of clause in which the subject of a verb with an action-oriented meaning has the semantic role of ...

Acute Accent

Acute Accent   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A right-inclined oblique stroke over a letter, as in French é (café, élite, née), transliterated Sanskrit ś (...

Adjective

Adjective   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

A word class chiefly used to premodify nouns (romantic in romantic story), to postmodify nouns (visible in the stars visible...

Adjective Clause

Adjective Clause   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

The traditional name for a relative clause, because such clauses modify nouns. The term is also used for constructions in which an ...

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