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Ābish Khātūn bint Saʿd II

Ābish Khātūn bint Saʿd II (1260–86)   Reference library

George Lane

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
979 words

Ruler of Fārs Province, wife of Mongol prince Tash-Möngke bin Hülegü Khan. A daughter of the Salghurid dynasty whose grandfather,

Ablutions

Ablutions   Reference library

Gabriele Tecchiato and Mark Sedgwick

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
1,083 words

The state of ritual purity (ṭahārah) that is an essential condition for the fulfillment of many religious practices

Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

Abul Fadl Mohsin Ebrahim, Yasmin Safian, Robert Gleave, and Samir Ben-Layashi

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
2,160 words

In the medical sense, abortion is the termination of pregnancy before the fetus is viable and is capable of survival

Adıvar, Halide Edip

Adıvar, Halide Edip (1884–1964)   Reference library

Derya Iner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
751 words

Halide Edip (sometimes spelled Edib) was a well-rounded intellectual, reformer, and activist working in male-dominated circles, a somewhat unusual experience

Afghanistan

Afghanistan   Reference library

Elaheh Rostami-Povey

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
2,382 words

Afghanistan's history demonstrates how gender relations in that nation have been affected by ethnic conflict, state formation, state-society relations, and

African Languages and Literature

African Languages and Literature   Reference library

Silvia Bruzzi, Mervyn Hiskett, Fallou Ngom, and Silvia Bruzzi

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
2,378 words

[This entry includes two subentries: East Africa and West Africa.]

Afterlife

Afterlife   Reference library

Dženita Karić

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
649 words

The three Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—share the concept of an afterlife, albeit in different forms. The concept of the

Aga Khan Foundation

Aga Khan Foundation   Reference library

Azim A. Nanji, Maryanne Rhett, and Zohra Ismail-Beben

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
579 words

The Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) is a private, nondenominational, philanthropic institution that was established in 1967 by Aga Khan IV,

Ahl al-Bayt

Ahl al-Bayt   Reference library

Charles Fletcher

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
677 words

Literally “the people of the house,” over time, the term ahl al-bayt has come to mean, more specifically, “the household

Ahmed, Leila

Ahmed, Leila (b. 1940)   Reference library

Marit Tjomsland

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
593 words

Born in Cairo to a professional middle-class father and a mother of Turkish upper-class origin, Ahmed received her basic education

ʿĀʾisha bint Saʾd bint b. Abi Waqqas

ʿĀʾisha bint Saʾd bint b. Abi Waqqas (d. 735)   Reference library

Aisha Geissinger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
508 words

ḥadīth transmitter. ʿĀʾisha bint Saʾd bint b. Abi Waqqas al-Zuhriyya al-Madaniyya was the daughter of a well-known Companion. Classical ḥadīth

ʿĀʾisha bint Talha

ʿĀʾisha bint Talha (728)   Reference library

Aisha Geissinger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
505 words

Successor and transmitter of ḥadīth. ʿĀʾisha bint Talha was the daughter of a well-known Companion, Talha b. Ubaydallah al-Taymi.

ʿĀʾishah

ʿĀʾishah   Reference library

Ghazala Anwar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
673 words

ʿĀʾishah (lit., “the one who lives”) al-Ṣiddīq (the true friend), daughter of Muḥammad's closest companion Abū Bakr, is central to

Aisyiyah, Nasyiatul

Aisyiyah, Nasyiatul   Reference library

Siti Syamsiyatun

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
1,235 words

Nasyiatul Aisyiyah, usually shortened as Nasyiah and popularly abbreviated as NA, is one of the largest and longest-standing mass organizations

Akhlāq

Akhlāq   Reference library

Ibrahim Kalin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
1,847 words

The Islamic concept of akhlāq, or ethics, is derived from a vast body of literature. It includes the Qurʾān,

Albania

Albania   Reference library

Antonia Young and Zenepe Dibra

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
1,118 words

Prior to the existence of Albania as a sovereign nation, the land was part of the Illyrian kingdom under Queen

Algeria

Algeria   Reference library

Natana J. DeLong-Bas

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
2,803 words

Algeria's power structure prior to the French colonial era is typically described as three concentric zones: the central power (

Amīn, Noṣrat

Amīn, Noṣrat (1886–1983)   Reference library

Mirjam Künkler

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
836 words

Iranian mojtaheda. Hajiyyeh Khānom Noṣrat Amīn Begum, was the most outstanding female mojtahed (Islamic jurist) of twentieth-century Iranian Shiism.

Andalus, Al-

Andalus, Al-   Reference library

Manuela Marín

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
774 words

The parts of the Iberian peninsula (modern Spain and Portugal) inhabited by a Muslim-majority population from the 7th to the

Anwar, Zainah

Anwar, Zainah (b. 1954)   Reference library

Justin Corfield and Natana J. DeLong-Bas

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
640 words

Zainah Anwar was born on 6 April 1954, in the state of Johor. Her father, politician Tan Sri Haji

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