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ʿAbbās ibn Firnās

ʿAbbās ibn Firnās (d. 887)   Reference library

Julio Samsó

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
677 words

Born Abū l-Qāsim ʿAbbās ibn Firnās ibn Wardās, he was a mawlā (client) of the Umayyads and of Berber extraction,

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad

ʿAbduh, Muḥammad (1849–1905)   Reference library

Asaad Al-Saleh

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,972 words

Life and Works.

ʿAbduh’s family worked in agriculture in the village of Maḥallat Nassr in the modern Egyptian governorate of

Abdus Salam

Abdus Salam (1926–1996)   Reference library

Pervez Hoodbhoy

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,111 words

An unsophisticated home environment notwithstanding, he rapidly outpaced his teachers, who recognized and respected the young boy’s talent for physics

Aesthetic Theory

Aesthetic Theory   Reference library

Walter B. Denny and Oliver Leaman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,335 words

There was a well-developed discussion of aesthetics in classical Islam, especially with respect to literature. Indeed, one of the most

Afghānī, Jamāl al-Dīn

Afghānī, Jamāl al-Dīn (1838–1897)   Reference library

Nikki R. Keddie and Ibrahim Kalin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
2,758 words

One of the most important figures of modern Islam, Sayyid Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī is considered the founding father of several

Agricultural Sciences

Agricultural Sciences   Reference library

Zohor Idrisi

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
3,102 words

In order to understand the extent of the agricultural revolution that Islam brought about, it is important to look at

Alchemy

Alchemy   Reference library

Syed Nomanul Haq, Massimo Campanini, and Mauro Valdinoci

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
2,344 words

The word alchemy derives from the Arabic al-kīmiyā, whose etymology is still open to question. Some believe it is

Algebra

Algebra   Reference library

Nuh Aydin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,065 words

Also called “abstract algebra” or “modern algebra,” algebra has a central place in modern mathematics. Not only is it one

ʿĀmilī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn al-

ʿĀmilī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn al- (1547–1621)   Reference library

Ibrahim Kalin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
766 words

Muḥammad b. Ḥusayin Bahāʾ al-Dīn al-ʿĀmilī, known also as Shaykh-i Bahāʾ ī, was a true polymath. He was born in Baʾalbak,

ʿĀmirī, Abū al-Ḥasan al-

ʿĀmirī, Abū al-Ḥasan al-   Reference library

Hadi Jorati

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,259 words

Abū al-Ḥasan Muḥammad b. Abī Dharr Yūsuf al-ʿĀmirī al-Nīshābūrī (c. 913–992 ce), was an Islamic philosopher in the tradition

Animals in Islamic Law and Muslim Culture

Animals in Islamic Law and Muslim Culture   Reference library

Sarra Tlili

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
2,860 words

The wealth and depth of animal themes in Islamic textual sources, particularly from the premodern period, point to a profound

Anqarawī, Ismāʿīl

Anqarawī, Ismāʿīl (d. 1631)   Reference library

Bilal Kuşpınar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
2,356 words

Born Ismāʿīl Anqarawī ibn Aḥmad Rusūkh al-Dīn al-Bayrāmī al-Mawlawī, and often referred to as Ismāʿīl Dede or Ismāʿīl Rusūkhī, Anqarawī

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

Irene A. Bierman and Rabah Saoud

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
5,198 words

[This entry contains two subentries: Traditional Forms of Islamic Architecture and Principles of Islamic Architecture.]

Aristotelianism/Peripatetic Tradition in Islam

Aristotelianism/Peripatetic Tradition in Islam   Reference library

Bilal Ibrahim

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
4,689 words

Aristotle (fourth century bce), known in classical Arabic sources as Arisṭūṭālīs or Arisṭū, was the most influential Greek philosopher

Arithmetic

Arithmetic   Reference library

Glen Van Brummelen

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
514 words

Arithmetic is a necessity for the smooth functioning of almost any civilization. Medieval Islamic nations used calculation for everyday needs

Ashʿarī, Abū al-Ḥasan al-

Ashʿarī, Abū al-Ḥasan al-   Reference library

Maha Elkaisy-Friemuth

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
2,654 words

Abū al-Ḥasan al-Ashʿarī, originally known as Alī ibn Ismāʾīl al-Ashʿarī, was born in 860 or 870 ce in the city

Ashʿarism

Ashʿarism   Reference library

M. Sait Özervarli

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
2,108 words

The largest Sunnī theological school, known as Ashʿarism or al-Ashʿarīyah, is named after its founder, Abū al-Ḥasan al-Ashʿarī, who lived

Astrolabe

Astrolabe   Reference library

David A. King

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
699 words

The astrolabe was by far the most popular astronomical instrument in the Islamic world from the eighth century to the

Astrology

Astrology   Reference library

S. Nomanul Haq

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,973 words

To say that a belief in astrology is a feature of the popular culture of the modern Islamic world is

Astronomical Tables

Astronomical Tables   Reference library

Glen Van Brummelen

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
1,891 words

A zīj is a handbook intended for the practice of astronomy, designed to enable the prediction of positions of astronomical

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