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Aaron

Aaron   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

The figure of Aaron, his ancestry, and his rise to priestly prominence is treated rather tersely in the Bible. Though

Abraham

Abraham   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

(Heb., Avraham

Heb., Avram)

is the name of the progenitor of the Hebrew people. At first he is called

Absalom, House of

Absalom, House of   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

The only reference to the phrase house of Absalom in the Dead Sea Scrolls appears in Pesher Habakkuk (1QpHab v.9),

Acts of a Greek King

Acts of a Greek King   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

The scroll fragment Acts of a Greek King (4Q248), previously also Pseudohistory, is now called Historical Text. It is approximately

Acts of the Apostles

Acts of the Apostles   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

is the second volume of a two-volume work, Luke-Acts, which relates the story of the early church in ways

Adam

Adam   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

In the literature and religion of the Hebrew scriptures, Adam plays almost no role. The story of his transgression and

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

first-century bce Roman aristocrat; Pompey's quaestor during the annexation of Syria and conquest of Judea, also Pompey's brother-in-law and husband

Aeneid

Aeneid   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

A fragment with a line from the Aeneid, the sonorous Roman epic and “principal secular book of the Western

Ages of Creation

Ages of Creation   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

The title Ages of Creation was given by the first editor, John M. Allegro, to several Hebrew fragments. [

Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

The landscape of the Judean Desert consists of four mountainous escarpments descending to the east. The uppermost and lowest escarpments

Alexander Jannaeus

Alexander Jannaeus (103 to 76)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

king and high priest of Judea from 103 to 76 bce.

There are those who suppose that he was

Allegro, John Marco

Allegro, John Marco (1923–1988)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

(1923–1988), scholar, author, and scrolls editor,

attended the University of Manchester after wartime service and

Alphabets

Alphabets   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

Alphabetical inscriptions have been in existence since the Canaanites of Palestine first invented the consonantal script under the influence of

American Schools of Oriental Research

American Schools of Oriental Research   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

A scholarly organization founded in 1890 by a consortium of twenty-one institutions of higher learning, the original purpose of the

Amman Museum

Amman Museum   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

The National Archaeological Museum on the Citadel in Amman is the principal archaeological museum in Jordan. The museum has long

Amram

Amram   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

Appearing frequently in genealogical lists of the Hebrew scriptures, Amram is a son of Qahat (Kohath) and father of Aaron

Angels

Angels   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

Originally, Hebrew mal᾽ak and Greek angelos were terms that indicated messengers, be it between humans or between God/the gods and

Anointing

Anointing   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

The Dead Sea Scrolls provide a valuable link between the biblical tradition of anointed kings and other special individuals and

Antiochus IV Epiphanes

Antiochus IV Epiphanes   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

son of Antiochus III “the Great,” succeeded his brother Seleucus IV as king of the Seleucid empire in 175 bce

Apocalyptic Texts

Apocalyptic Texts   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

Writings that are governed by a worldview in which the revelation of divine secrets is constitutive of salvation from an

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