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‘Abd Al-Jabbar, Qadi

‘Abd Al-Jabbar, Qadi (c.325–415)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
1,197 words

‘Abd al-Jabbar b. Ahmad b. Khalil was born in Asadabad, a town in the southwest of Hamadan, probably around 325

‘Abdu, Muhammad

‘Abdu, Muhammad (1849–1905)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
397 words

Muhammad ‘Abdu was born in 1849 in lower Egypt and received a traditional religious education at home, in Tanta and

Abortion

Abortion   Reference library

William Loader

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Ethics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy
Length:
2,355 words

There are no references to intentionally induced abortion in the Bible. The closest possible allusion is in Numbers 5:11–30,

Abu Hanifa, Numan b. Sabit

Abu Hanifa, Numan b. Sabit (80–150)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
760 words

Numan b. Sabit b. Zuta b. Mah, known as Imam al-A‘zam (the Greatest Imam), was born in Kufa in 80

Abu Ja‘far al-Ahwal, Muhammad b. al-Nu‘man

Abu Ja‘far al-Ahwal, Muhammad b. al-Nu‘man (after 183)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
845 words

Abu Ja‘far Muhammad (b. ‘Ali) b. al-Nu‘man al-Bajali al-Kufi al-Sayrafi, Imami theologian, was probably born in the first quarter of

Adivar, Abdülhak Adnan

Adivar, Abdülhak Adnan (1882–1955)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
715 words

Adnan Adivar was born in Gallipoli (Gelibolu) in 1882 and died in Istanbul on 1 July 1955. His lineage

Afdal al-Din

Afdal al-Din (610)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
472 words

Afdal al-Din Muhammad ibn Hasan Kashani is familiarly known in Iran as Baba Afdal, or ‘Papa Afdal’, a name that

Afghani, Seyyed Jamaluddin

Afghani, Seyyed Jamaluddin (1838–96)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
1,162 words

Seyyed Jamaluddin Afghani was undoubtedly one of the most influential Muslims of the twentieth century. Some consider him to be

agnostic

agnostic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Atheism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy
Length:
91 words

Of or pertaining to strong or weak *agnosticism. The term can be used to identify a person or

agnosticism

agnosticism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Atheism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy
Length:
352 words

1. Agnosticism is a theory, belief, or ideology entailing the belief that nothing is known or can be known of

Akhund Mulla Fath ‘Ali Sultan Abadi

Akhund Mulla Fath ‘Ali Sultan Abadi (1235)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
172 words

Akhund Mulla Fath ‘Ali Sultan Abadi was an influential teacher of philosophy and jurisprudence of his time. Very little is

Akşemseddin, Mehmed Şemseddin ibn Hamza

Akşemseddin, Mehmed Şemseddin ibn Hamza (792–863)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
694 words

Akşemseddin, also known as Akşeyh, was born in Damascus in 792 / 1390 and died in Göynük in 863 /

Akіf Ersoy, Mehmet

Akіf Ersoy, Mehmet (1873–1936)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
727 words

The pan-Islamist thinker and the poet of the Turkish national anthem, Mehmet Akif Ersoy was born in Fatih, Istanbul. He

al-Ahsa'I

al-Ahsa'I (c.837–after 904)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
109 words

Ibn Abi Jumhur al-Asha'i came from al-Ahsa in eastern Arabia, and was educated at first by his father. He moved

al-aksarayі, Cemeleddin Muhammad

al-aksarayі, Cemeleddin Muhammad (791)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
268 words

A famous scholar of fourteenth-century Ottoman thought, Aksarayi produced a number of works in such traditional fields as grammar, kalam

al-Amidi, Sayf ad-Din

al-Amidi, Sayf ad-Din (621)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
357 words

‘Ali ibn Abi ‘Ali ibn Muhammad al-Taghlabi Sayf ad-Din al-Amidi was an Ash‘arite theologian and Shafi'i jurisprudent, and representative of

al-‘Amili, Baha' al-Din

al-‘Amili, Baha' al-Din (953–1030)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
1,376 words

Scholar, philosopher, poet, judge, mathematician, astronomer, engineer and architect Muhammad b. Husayin Baha' al-Din al-‘Amili, known also as Shaykh-i

al-‘Amiri, Abu'l Hasan Muhammad ibn Yusuf

al-‘Amiri, Abu'l Hasan Muhammad ibn Yusuf (381)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
496 words

Abu'l Hasan Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-‘Amiri came from eastern Iran and was a pupil of al-Kindi. He went to

al-Amuli, Sayyid Haydar

al-Amuli, Sayyid Haydar (719–787)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
625 words

Sayyid Haydar al-Amuli was an influential mystical scholar in northern Persia during the eighth / fourteenth century whose chief importance

al -‘Aqqad, ‘Abbas Mahmoud

al -‘Aqqad, ‘Abbas Mahmoud (1889–1964)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
819 words

‘Abbas Mahmoud al- ‘Aqqad was a writer, poet, historian, philosopher, journalist and translator. He was an energetic nationalist and saw

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