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Ai Qing

Ai Qing (1910–96)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

One of the most influential modern Chinese poets. In 1929, Ai Qing went to Paris to study Western painting,

‘A Q zhengzhuan’

‘A Q zhengzhuan’ (1921–2)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

A vernacular short story written by *Lu Xun. A Q was a destitute peasant who lived in his

bagu wen

bagu wen   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

A prescribed form of composition with a formulaic structure and rigid rules, designed for the imperial civil examination during the

Bai Juyi

Bai Juyi (772–846)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

Tang poet best known for his simple and popular style, in which he expresses moral and political messages. Bo Juyi

Bai Pu

Bai Pu (1226–c.1306)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

Poet and renowned playwright of the Yuan dynasty. Born in the capital of the Jin (Jurchen) dynasty, he was seven

Baitu ji

Baitu ji   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

One of the four major southern plays of the Yuan and early Ming dynasties, written under the pseudonym Yongjia Shuhui

Baiyue ting

Baiyue ting   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

One of the four major southern plays of the Yuan or early Ming, attributed to Shi Hui 施惠, variously

Ba Jin

Ba Jin (1904–2005)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

One of the most influential writers since the *May Fourth Movement, and an outstanding literary figure of the

Ban Gu

Ban Gu (32–92)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

Eastern Han dynasty writer and historian. A learned scholar, he completed his father Ban Biao’s 班彪 (3–54) supplement to

Ban Zhao

Ban Zhao (49–c.120)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

Eastern Han dynasty writer and historian, *Ban Gu’s younger sister. A learned writer, she was frequently summoned

baogao wenxue

baogao wenxue   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

As defined by Charles A. Laughlin, ‘any deliberately literary non-fiction text that narrates or describes a current event, person, or

baojuan

baojuan   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

Prosimetric narrative text. A descendant of the religious *bianwen, the baojuan is a Buddhist or Daoist story told

Baopu zi

Baopu zi   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

‘Masters’ work by Ge Hong 葛洪 (283–343). Divided into two parts: the ‘Neipian’ 内篇 (Inner Chapters), which is

Bao Zhao

Bao Zhao (414–66)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

Writer of poetry, *fu, and parallel prose of the Liu–Song period. He is best known for his

beiwen

beiwen   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

Stone pillars or steles inscribed with inscriptions. The steles with inscriptions were erected at various places, including mountains, rivers, ancestral

bianwen

bianwen   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

A literary form written in semi-colloquial language, first discovered at Dunhuang in the early twentieth century. These texts of unknown

biji xiaoshuo

biji xiaoshuo   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

A literary sub-genre of *xiaoshuo (fictional narratives), commonly written in classical Chinese featuring short stories in free style. Notebook

Bing Xin

Bing Xin (1900–99)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

Notable poet, writer, translator, and author of children’s literature. She is regarded as the most famous female

Cai Yong

Cai Yong (133)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

Late Eastern Han scholar, writer, and skilled zither player. A polymath, Cai Yong had expertise in literature,

Cao Cao

Cao Cao (155–220)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Chinese Literature

Late Eastern Han general, statesman, and writer. Cao Cao was the son of a man who had

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